Discussion Question Criminal Justice

•Mandatory: What is probable cause? How does probable cause affect the actions of police? How well do police officers meet the criteria of probable cause before taking action with regard to a criminal activity?

Probable cause is a standard that all law enforcement officers abide by when searching for evidence on a person or their property to get a warrant and make an arrest. Probable cause affects the actions of police because if they do not follow these guidelines they can be reprimanded and the person they are trying to arrest will be let go and the evidence they found could be thrown out of court. Officers have to meet the criteria in order to make the arrest so I would say 8 out of 10 times someone is arrested.

•What is police jurisdiction? How has the historical development of police agencies impacted police jurisdiction? What judgments can you make about police jurisdictions, and what might the future look like in the next 10 to 20 years? Explain.

Police jurisdiction is where enforcement agencies govern where their laws can be enforced an example would be the Sacramento Police department. The historical development of police agencies has impacted police jurisdiction by making it more efficient with deal with certain areas of crime or the legal system by creating different departments of enforcements. In the future due to the growth in population I see cities and county lines expanding which will cause an increase in law enforcement.

•What are the major types of law enforcement agencies? How do these agencies contribute to the Department of Homeland Security? What suggestions do you have to improve the relationship between local law enforcement agencies and the Department of Homeland Security?

•What is the effect on local law enforcement agencies when they are required to enforce federal laws? Provide examples.

Local law enforcement would have to update to date and current on Federal laws because some Federal laws contradict what some State Laws state andexample would be the use of marijuana which is Federal legal only with a medical card but in certain states it is illegal.

•What is police patrol? Why is police patrol important in communities? What changes would you recommend to current police patrols to improve overall effectiveness?

Police patrol is when law enforcement is assigned a specific area to monitor. In communities it is important for police to patrol because that is where they find drug related incidences, pedestrian stops and traffic violations. To improve the overall effectiveness of police patrol I believe they should have better communication and better funding so they can hire back those officials they laid of because of cutbacks.

•What is the role of police in society today? How do police officers affect community policing? What would happen if the role of police was lessened as it applies to the theory and practice of community policing? Explain.

•What issues do police face on a day-to-day basis? How does this impact them from a legal standpoint? What suggestions do you have to improve these issues and help police organizations combat crime?

The main issues police face on a day to day basis is the risk of death or injury do to the violence and nature of the job along with the danger of the job they make the city safer for family and friends. From a legal standpoint they have chosen this career path but they must take precautions to keep themselves safe during a pursuit. The only real suggest I can give is that they should stay in shape and take defensive training courses so they know they know how to defend themselves if they ever have a hand to hand combat with a fugitive.