Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects all the workers from discrimination that is based on the nation of origin. However, in the United States there have been some cases that have been taken before EEOC. For example, a Lebanese driver was sacked from a bus company by an employer who stated that though he was working well, the pedestrians were worried because his origin was related to terrorists (Ohio Department of Administrative Services 2009). According to the statistics by EEOC, it received 8361 charges of national origin discrimination in the Fiscal Year 2004.
The commission also resolved 8,943 charges and monetary benefits that totaled $22. 3 million, a figure that was exclusive of the monetary benefits that was obtained through litigation (Ohio Department of Administrative Services 2009). Gender Discrimination A recent survey in the United States in leading law firms indicated that there was a significant gender disparity in pay between men and women. It was found out that women earn 4 % less in general; of counsel positions, women earn 6% less; for non-equity partners, women earn 8% less and finally in the equity partnership, men earn 13% more (Marek, 2008; Parker 2009).
The gender earning gap has been remarkable due to the reductions in occupational segregation that is related to gender (Graham 2002). Discrimination based on race The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has also handled cases that involve employment discrimination cases based on color. The census report done showed that companies have continued to use discriminatory pay systems. It indicated that Hispanics and blacks are paid less than whites for higher paying jobs and that the disparity is higher than it was a decade ago.
It was reported that blacks with four year college degrees earned about 78 percent of what similar educated whites earned. On the others side, Hispanics with a bachelor’s degrees had an average salary of seventy five percent of what similarly educated whites earned (Ledbetter 2009). The Nordstrom Inc. settled a case with the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by paying their former employees of two stores in Florida a total of $ 292500. This is after the manager had stated that she hated Hispanics and that Hispanics were lazy and ignorant.
He had also earlier stated that he didn’t like blacks and that they stink (Puget Sound Business Journal, 2009). The main purpose of the establishment of the equal employment opportunity commission was to get rid of any discriminatory practices that may be exercised by the employers during the period between recruitment and termination of employment. However there have been instances of discriminatory acts in some few institutions that have reported in America. It is thus important for a research to be conducted to establish whether the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has done enough to deal with such acts.
It is ideal to establish how much money has been gotten from such companies as settlements claims and how much has been paid to the discriminatory victims. This research would be important because if acted upon by the government, the Equal employment opportunity commission, and by the individuals, the few cases of discriminatory practices would be further reduced. The following questions will be necessary in the process of the investigation. a) Are there cases of discriminatory practises in the work place?
b) How often do they take place and against which group? c) How does EECOC deal with such cases? d) How much is charged as settlement claims to the victims by the offending companies? e) Has this discouraged employer to engage in such practises? Objectives The research seeks to use the results from the studies that have previously being conducted about discriminatory practises in employment and different hypotheses on the effectiveness of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in curbing discriminatory practices.
The research would verify whether the amount charged as settlement claims against the employers reduce such practises. Hypothesis There is a general belief that in the United States of America there is still discrimination in the work places. This is based on the race, religion, disability, place of origin and gender among others. Such vulnerable groups have come out and stated that they are discriminated during the process of getting a job or as they work; either being paid less or fired without a good reason.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has the mandate of making sure that such occurrences do not take place. The commission has filed cases in the federal cases and the offending companies have used huge amounts of money to compensate the victims. There is a general feeling that this has reduced the level of employment discrimination (Herring & Ebner 2004; Williams et al 2003). It also believed that discrimination based on age will lead to many loosing their jobs (the Journal online, 2006).