AbstractEvery nation will have their different cultures, like the United States is a multi-cultural society, Japan and China is a democratic society trip. Every culture show different characteristics of their civic. And in this paper I would like to show you about the tea drinking cultures. Every single thing can show culture of their country. I working in a tea house and I would know about different people their different thinking about tea. I would like to do a compare in this paper.
Cultures of U.K.Britain’s official name is “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”, often referred to as the United Kingdom or the British, in this framework also includes the four regions, namely England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Its land area is 241,752 square kilometers, about 6.7 times in Taiwan. According to the 1994 population data about 58,400,000 people, about 2.7 times the population of Taiwan.
By the history and ethnically, the Scots, Wales and Northern Ireland are all descendants of Celtic, while England is mainly Anglo-Saxon family. As the population of England and the culture in the absolute superiority, the United Kingdom in name but also by the rule of the British royal family, and the core of political power, the Congress also decided in London, the UK and the British equivalent of England has become quite natural.
Of course, the British Isles after hundreds of years interaction and communication, language and culture clearly has had a considerable degree of integration, but people outside of England, still maintain their traditional ethnic culture is unique, so for many people or students arrived in the United Kingdom is concerned, always will be the impact of the Chinese translation, while the British and the English do not know the difference, for example, we will put Scotland and Wales who are counted as British, but definitely not refer to each other is English, this would clearly not English and those who self-identify with a very strong Scots.
Wales and Northern Ireland will not only cause strong displeasure, and even an affront. Northern Ireland has some students to attend, and to the British in the chat, even calling each other as English, not only each other off in a huff, but also a serious negative national diplomacy. Even heard some of the wrong address because of similar foreign students and local people has a lot of physical and verbal conflict.
Britain is basically a country of freedom and the rule of law, all according to law, they do not go beyond the scope permitted by law, have enjoyed great freedom. In addition to nationality, the British conservative by nature, very respect for tradition, and thus keep a considerable number of monuments, traditional heritage and a variety of museums, the preservation of the traditional services is sparing no effort, although it caused a lot of human and material consumption, but still subject to the general support of the British people, many of the Trust Fund set up to maintain the preservation of traditional heritage, such as the National Trust.
And the same for the English-speaking countries, the United Kingdom and the United States will have social and national character of a great difference to the general living standards, its modern, comfortable level are lagging behind the U.S., hardly ordinary daily efficiency compared with the United States ratio. English is not as straightforward Americans is so cheerful, it will not take the initiative with a stranger, whose starting point is Shushing people do not explore privacy.
If the British chat with strangers, will still be very reserved, and subject always spinning around in the weather, because this is the most does not touch the subject of privacy. In general, the British are not so easy to make friends if the Americans, but once the hand in a British friend, may be a lifetime friend. British quite proud of their own traditional culture and always cherish the memory of its glorious history, art and cultural content with emphasis on the leisure life.
Cultures of ChinaThe Culture of China is one of the world’s oldest and most complex cultures. (Chinese Dynasty Guide – The Art of Asia – History & Maps) Chinese culture is a history come from lot of Chinese nation cultures. Today there are 58 distinct recognized ethnic groups in China(Chinatraveldepot.com, 2009). The success of those Chinese nation cultures, and their own development or multi-cultural. Although Chinese culture in late 1000-2000years before production of Egypt cultures, Babylon cultures, but Chinese culture can continuation of various dynasties constantly replaced. And the Chinese culture is an oldest culture.
And it geographical to East and Southeast Asia, including the education, live-style and some political consciousness. And it is call “Chinese culture” and “Cultural Circle”. Historically, cultural sphere of China has extended across East Asia as a whole, with Chinese religion, customs, and writing systems being adapted to varying degrees by neighbors such as Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Confucianism was the official philosophy throughout most of Imperial China’s history, and mastery of Confucian texts was the primary criterion for entry into the imperial bureaucracy. China’s traditional values were derived from various versions of Confucianism. A number of more authoritarian strains of thought have also been influential, such as Legalism.
There was often conflict between the philosophies, e.g. the Song Dynasty Neo-Confucians believed Legalism departed from the original spirit of Confucianism. Examinations and a culture of merit remain greatly valued in China today. In recent years, a number of New Confucians (not to be confused with Neo-Confucianism) have advocated that democratic ideals and human rights are quite compatible with traditional Confucian “Asian values”.
With the rise of European economic and military power beginning in the mid-19th century, non-Chinese systems of social and political organization gained adherents in China. Some of these would-be reformers totally rejected China’s cultural legacy, while others sought to combine the strengths of Chinese and European cultures. In essence, the history of 20th-century China is one of experimentation with new systems of social, political, and economic organization that would allow for the reintegration of the nation in the wake of dynastic collapse.
Teas cultureTea is the agricultural product of the leaves, leaf buds, and internodes of various cultivars and sub-varieties of the Camellia sinuses plant, processed and cured using various methods (Tea Guardian, 2010). “Tea” also refers to the aromatic beverage prepared from the cured leaves by combination with hot or boiling water, and is the common name for the Camellia sinuses plant itself.
After water, tea is the most widely consumed beverage in the world. It has a cooling, slightly bitter, astringent flavor which many enjoy (Penelope Ody, 2000). There are at least six varieties of tea: white, yellow, green, oolong, black, and post-fermented teas (Tea Guardian, 2010) of which the most commonly found on the market are white, green, oolong, and black. Some varieties, such as traditional oolong tea and purer tea Tea (Guardian, 2010), a post-fermented tea, can be used medicinally (Tea types and tea varieties,2009).
Tea culture is defined by the way tea is made and consumed; by the way the people interact with tea, and by the aesthetics surrounding tea drinking. Tea is commonly consumed at social events, and many cultures have created intricate formal ceremonies for these events. Western examples of these are afternoon tea and the tea party. In the east, tea ceremonies differ among countries, Japan’s complex, formal and serene one being the most known. Other examples are the Korean tea ceremony or some traditional ways of brewing tea in Chinese tea culture. In Tibet, tea is commonly brewed with salt and butter.
Tea also plays an important role in some countries. The British Empire spread its own interpretation of tea to its dominions and colonies including regions that today comprise the states of India,Hong Kong, and Pakistan which had existing tea customs, as well as, regions such as East Africa (modern day Kenya. Tanzania, and Uganda), which did not have existing tea customs. Different regions also favor different varieties of tea, black, green, or oolong, and use different flavorings, such as milk, sugar or herbs. The temperature and strength of the tea likewise varies widely.
Personal AnalysisIn my personal life, tea accounted for a large part. I work in a tea room, also like tea. Tea culture in China has a long history, some are divided into seven categories, green tea, white tea, yellow tea, green tea, black tea, black tea and scented tea. In this number is not among the seven categories the number of tea bushes. Comparing people familiar with green tea – Longing tea, white tea – white peony, black tea, black tea – Purer tea – jasmine tea. Chinese people prefer the Oolong Pure, while the British prefer is the Longing tea and black tea. In fact, different people like different nationalities of tea, they can already see the cultural differences, but also extended a number of national characteristics.
Chinese people like Oolong and Puer tea are the two characteristics, two tea flavors are relatively strong, and the color is relatively deep. And the Chinese people more likely to try new teas, some of them have never heard the name, they will try. The British like the color in bright, light-colored tea is also more biased, and the British like drinking tea aroma high, they focus on the aroma than flavor. British people do not often try to Pu’er tea, the color depth, I think, because the culture of their own “tea” is the black tea, Chinese tea is also a major “tea.”
ConclusionsDifferent in China and the United Kingdom of tea culture, we can see a small fine in place of different cultures can see the different special style, with Chinese and British culture has been regarded as the exchange tea, red can be said to be the birthplace of From China, as in World War II, the British took back and carried forward in the territories. No one would have liked in the Chinese black tea, can be regarded as a national treasure in the UK drink tea every Englishman in the breakfast will be accompanied with a glass of it. This is different from the cultural exchange.
Chinese Dynasty Guide – The Art of Asia – History & Maps, 10 October 2008, Minneapolis Institute of Art http://www.artsmia.org/art-of-asia/history/chinese-dynasty-guide.cfm . Chinatraveldepot.com, Fifty-six Ethnic Groups in China 1 June 2009. http://www.chinatraveldepot.com/Fifty-six-Ethnic-Groups-in-China Tea Guardian, 2010, Quality Basics 1: Various Plants, Various Qualities http://teaguardian.com/nature_of_tea/nature_of_tea1.html Penelope Ody, 2000 Complete Guide to Medicinal Herbs. New York, NY: Dorling Kindersley Publishing. p.48 ISBN 0-7894-6785-2. Tea Guardian, 2010, Categorization of Teas
http://teaguardian.com/nature_of_tea/categorizationRE.htmlTea Guardian, 2010, Wuyi Oolongs: Tasting, Health & Market Notes”. http://teaguardian.com/natureoftea/oolongwuyinotes.htmlTea types and tea varieties,2009, Starchefs.com. http://www.starchefs.com/features/tea/html/types.shtml