1. Democracy is a type of government that emanates from the constituted powers that are elected, depending on the system (presidentialist, parliamentary, constitutional monarchy, semi presidentialist, semi parliamentary, etc… ) directly or indirectly by the people. Whereas in an absolute monarchy, an absolutist regime exists and is in power because of family lineage. 2. In democracy three state powers(in most cases) exist as a checks and balances system, these being the judicial, executive and legislative as it was enunciated in Montesquieu ’s Of the Spirit of law.
And they are independent, complementary and with no relation of subordination. Whereas in an absolute monarchy, the monarch holds all of the state power in his hands, therefore not having a checks and balances system, and the monarch is entitled to do whatever he wants. 3. On a democracy the president can either serve as head of state, head of government or both, depending of the system that applies to the country, and with limited powers, but in a monarchy the king is the head of state and monarch, having complete power to decide on matters that a head of state or of government wouldn’t be able to do so.
4. In a democracy there is a Political Constitution the defines how the country’s structure is going to be, how the public officers are going to be elected, how it will work, etc… In a monarchy there doesn’t exists, not a real one at least, a constitution and the only orders that are valid are the ones that emanate from the Monarch. 5. In a democracy human rights are guaranteed by the constitution and its laws, whereas in a Monarchic regime the state entities defined by the king will kill, torture, and abuse people, just to assure a popular insurrection doesn’t arise.
6. In a democracy there are several ways to have reinstated one’s rights when they are being abused by the government, but in a monarchy there is no way to reinstate your non-existent rights, the only way is to get killed by the king’s army. 7. Under a democracy all citizens are equal under the law, there are no privileged classes, and the general principles of law apply, such as the: Prior in tempore potior in iure, In dubio pro reo, Nemo judex in sua causa, contractus lex, Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege, etc….
Whereas in a monarchy the monarch is the law and there are privileged classes, where no laws apply, just the laws of the king. “L'Etat, c'est moi” – Louis XIV ——————————————– [ 1 ]. Difference b/w a military government and a monarchy: In a monarchy the King or emperor is a civilian or a military that was “entitled” to the position of monarch by inheritance, whereas in a pure military government the armed forces of a country assume power by the means of a coup d’etat.
[ 2 ]. Exempli gratia; in Hungary and in Republic of China, even though they are not completely democratic, fit as an example for they are semi democratic, the first one has 4 branches (executive, judicial, legislative, and the attorney general). China has five branches(Executive yuan, legislative Yuan, judiciary Yuan, Control Yuan, and Examination Yuan). Also, is important to mention the difference between powers or branches and bodies.
Powers are the ones that control one specific social role, verbi gratia, the judiciary controls the courts, but bodies serve a specific function under a power or branch. An example to serve this is Germany that has three brances( executive, judicial and legislative) but has 6 bodies ( Bundesprasident: Executive, Bundeskabinett:Executive, Bundestag: Legislative, Bundesrat: Legislative, Bundesversammlun: Presidential Electoral body, serving under the legislative’s mandate, and the Bundesverfassungsgericht: Constitutional Court serving under the Judicial power).
[ 3 ]. Presidentialist, semi presidentialist, parliamentary, semi parliamentary, Constitutional Monarchy, etc… [ 4 ]. Exempli gratia; In Honduras The Human rights are consecrated in the 59th article of the constitution, “ The human being is the supreme end of the state and society”. Also it is defined in the articles; 1, 60-110, and the 90th article is the generic principle of the due process, that states: “ No one shall be judged, if not by competent, judge or tribunal, and with the formalities, guaranties and rights, stated in the law.
” [ 5 ]. E. g. : Habeas data, Habeas Corpus, writ of amparo, writ of anti-constitutional decrees, revision writ. [ 6 ]. First in time, better in law. [ 7 ]. In the doubt, in favor of the delincuent. [ 8 ]. No one can be a judge of one’s own cause. [ 9 ]. The contractual is law. [ 10 ]. There is no crime and no punishment for an act that is not expressed completely as punishable in a previous law.