Sociology and biology, these two broad words come together, likewise with health and illness. All of these words are associated with one another specifically in terms of health industry. How are these words associated with one another? Let’s find out how through evaluating the difference between sociological and biological definitions of health and illness.
What is sociology? Sociology is the study of development, structure, and functioning of human society. It’s the study of social problems to be precise. And what is biology on the other hand? It’s one of the branches of science, which is the study of life and living organisms including their morphology, physiology, anatomy, behaviour, origin and distribution. Therefore, sociological and biological health and illness are associated with one another. Why?
These two branches of science are linked together to study and examine the interaction of health and illness between societies and human biology.
Health is the state of being free from illness or injury. It’s the overall condition of a living organism. It’s the soundness of the body, freedom from disease, abnormality, and the condition of being well. There are two aspects of health, which are physical and mental health.
Physical health is the condition of a person in all aspects. It’s also a level of functional and metabolic efficiency of an individual. There are four categories that affect physical health: Lifestyle, Human Biology, Environment and Health Care. In order to maintain physical health healthy, every individual must:
•Rest – our body needs enough sleep in order to function properly. It is important to that we take time to rest and allow our body to recover after working hard. •Eat Healthy – our body use food as fuel. We must eat on time and watch what we eat. Sugars and fatty food can make it harder for our bodies to function as they were designed to. •Exercise – be physically active. This can help to protect against illness and infection. •Hygiene – keeps your body clean and tidy all the time. This can help protect against illness and infection.
Mental health is the psychological state of an individual who is functioning at a satisfactory level weather it’s emotional and behavioural. It’s just important as good as physical health. Everyone experiences mental health. Every individual may experience feeling down, stressed and frightened. Most of those feelings pass but sometimes they develop into more serious complications.
There are also two aspects of mental health, neurotic and psychotic mental health. Under neurotic mental health, symptoms can be regarded as severe forms of normal emotional experiences such as depression, anxiety and panic attack. These are the common mental health complications. Under psychotic mental health symptoms interfere with an individual perception of reality, and may include hallucinations such as seeing, hearing, smelling or feeling things that no one else can. A good mental health is characterised by individual’s ability to fulfil functions and activities including:
•Ability to learn•Ability to feel, express and manage positive and negative emotions •Ability to maintain good relationships with others•Ability to cope with and manage change and uncertainty
Illness is a specific condition that prevents the body or mind from working properly. It’s a sickness or disease that experience by many. Maintaining your health healthy can prevent illness. There are four main type of illness or disease:
•Pathogenic disease – diseases caused by microorganisms inside human’s body. Examples of these microorganisms are: virus, bacterium, prion, and fungus. •Deficiency disease – diseases caused by a dietary deficiency. Lack of vitamins and minerals. Insufficient intake, digestion, absorption and utilisation of nutrients.
Examples are: night blindness, beri-beri, scurvy, rickets, anaemia and goitre. •Hereditary disease – a disease that can be passed down through generations of the same family. Examples is: down syndrome, •Psychological disease – it’s a psychological pattern and abnormality behaviour associated stress and disability. Examples are: depression, anxiety and Down syndrome.
Sociological health and illness also known as sociology of health and wellness objective is to see how social life has an impact to society on morbidity rate where it refers to the amount of illness in society and mortality rate refers to the number of people who die. This sociological health and illness is the based not only individuals but also different types of groups of people. Related to social institutions such as family, employment and school.
Most of these problems under sociology of health and illness are influenced by the socioeconomic status of individuals, ethnic traditions, beliefs and other cultural factors. Sociology health and illness main role is to seek particular types of medical aids and find out other ways to prevent and improve health and illness through studying various ranges of society which also includes anthropology, economics, political science and geography.
Biology is an important factor of health and illness because of the fact that some of human diseases could be passed down through our genes. Mothers can pass down a disease to their child. Also, it is known that if one of the parents is carrier of the particular disease, the child is most likely to be affected by the same disease.
There’s a big possibility if both of the parents are carrier then the baby might have the same disease. Most of the diseases under biological health and illness are hereditary because of the genes that running to same family blood line. But with the modern health and technology nowadays most of these diseases can be prevented.