These are the people who respond to sexual propositions by the sexual minority groups using a form of aggression. These people interpret the actions and words of victims as sexual propositions and believe that they are sexual predators. This forms the basis of an attack on the victim, and is the sole factor which causes an attack against him or her. Ideology. These are the people who attack minority sexual groups due to the negative attitudes and beliefs which they possess regarding these people. These people assaulted lesbians and gay men due to their hatred of the practice, which is their sole motivator for the attack.
The assailants view themselves as enforcers of social norms and therefore punish moral transgressions. They are not against homosexuality, but are against the public display of affection by homosexuals or lesbians. Thrill seeking. These are the people who attack minority sexual groups due to the desire to feel strong, alleviate boredom and have excitement and fun. These people blame their peers for attacks which they commit, in a bid to minimize their antagonism toward minority sexual groups. Peer dynamics.
These are people who attack minority sexual groups due to the desire to prove to their peers that they are heterosexuals and that they are tough. Just like thrill seekers, these people blame their peers for attacks which they commit in a bid to minimize their antagonism toward minority sexual groups. FBI guidelines in determining hate crimes. It is difficult to prove that a crime constitutes a hate crime, which makes it necessary for proper guidelines to be issued to define hate crimes. Due to this reason, the FBI issues guidelines which are used to define what constitutes hate crimes.
One of the guidelines states that bias should be reported only when there is sufficient evidence. This is necessary to prevent people who commit crimes which are not motivated by bias or hate from being unfairly prosecuted. Bias is further defined as a negative attitude or opinion which is formed against a group of people or person, and which is based on religion, race, national or ethnic origins, disability or sexual orientation. It is either committed against a person or property and is primarily motivated by bias.
There are several factors which are assessed in order to prove that such crimes were motivated by bias, and even though no single factor is conclusive, a combination of the following factors may be sufficient to prove bias. The first factor is that the offender and victim belong to a different religion, race, national or ethnic origins, sexual orientation or is disabled. For instance, when the victims are black and offenders are white. The second factor is that there are written, oral statements or gestures which indicated bias toward the victim by the offender.
An example is a case where the victim was called a "pig" by the offender. The other factor is that there is a presence of drawings, symbols, markings or graffiti which were left by the offender, and indicates bias. For instance is a case where the offender paints a swastika on a door to a synagogue. Another factor is that the offender or offenders used certain things, objects or items which indicate bias. An example is a case where offenders wore hoods which covered their faces or white sheets. Another example is a case where offenders left behind the hooded white sheets or burning cross behind a crime scene.
The fifth factor which may be used to indicate commission of a hate crime is a situation where the victim is a member of a religion, race, sexual orientation, national or ethnic origin, or is disabled, and the offenders outnumber the victim's group. Hate crime is indicated when victims who fit this profile are targeted in their normal day to day affairs within a relatively short period of time of moving into a new neighborhood. An example is a situation where a victim moves into a new neighborhood and within a relatively short time, these incidences begin happening.