Determinants of Health

Many factors combine together to affect the health of individuals and communities. Whether people are healthy or not, is determined by their circumstances and environment. Factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health

HOW JUNK FOOD INFLUENCE OUR LIFE* JUNK FOOD is a slang term for food that is low in nutritional value, often highly processed or ready-prepared, and eaten instead of or in addition to well-balanced meals * List of junk food: fried food, chips, fast food, ham, sausage, candy,chuy gum, chocolate, soft drinks and other types of drink.

Junk food contains to much sugar or to much salt which can negatively affect our health in short or long term These are the long term and short term effects of junk food:

* Lack of energy This is known as a short-term adverse effect resulting from eating junk foods. Choosing a junk food diet high in fat may affect our energy levels in as little as one week as junk foods do not provide us with the essential nutrients that our body need and even if we feel that we had enough, we feel weak after a wile. * Poor concentration:

This is another result of junk food habit. These are traced to affect in immediate and medium term periods. When we have a sumptuous junk meal rich in oil we feel sleepy and fail to concentrate. Over sustained periods of junk food eating, blood circulation drops due to fat accumulation. Lack of vital oxygen, nutrients and proteins particularly can stale our brain cells temporarily. * Heart Diseases:

Junk food diet is a major cause of heart diseases. Myocardial infarction (a sever heart failure) is due to plaque formation in arteries which demands heart to put in extra effort to pump blood on the down stream. On the up stream, there is lack of returning blood to heart. This causes two damages to heart – heart fatigues by the continuous extra effort it makes and it suffers oxygen supply. The onset and remedy both take a long time anda great determination to win. * Obesity

Junk foods’ poor nutritional value and people’s tendency to become addicted to them can lead to becoming overweight, and for some, becoming obese. Obesity is a huge problem in American society. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 18.1% of teenagers ages 12-19 were obese in 2008. Living with obesity is a struggle; it can lead to other health problems like heart disease, fatty liver disease, type 2 diabetes and many others. Also, making one’s lifestyle healthier is much more difficult at that stage. * High Cholesterol

* Diabetes insulin levels become elevated when we eat processed sugars. * Liver failure* DepressionWHY do we eat Junk Food?* Tastes Good* Availability* It is Cheap* It is Convenient* It is good for marketing* It is fast or ready prepared* Easier life* It is heavily advertised on television, radio, newspapers etc. WHY we should not eat Junk Food?* It is low in fiber.* Causes digestive problems including bloating, gas and cramps. * It offers a high number of calories in a small volume.* It is high in fat.* It is high in sugar in liquid form.* Gives you unhealthy skin, hair& nails.* Major cause of lots of diseases.Strategies for controlling/preventing people from the danger of eating junk food For each individual, the solution to avoiding junk food is to prevent having cravings ( consuming desire). Here are some ideas that are helpful in making better choices:

* Through advertisers : Using television, radio, newspapers, magazines that promote healthier choices. * Exercise: Physical activity has an important role on maintaining our body health and eliminating the need to eat to feel happy. * Moderation: Eating junk food once in a while is fine, but the key to staying on track with a healthy diet is to eat smaller portions. * Education In order to address the issue of consumption of junk food, one part of the solution is to create an initiative that will make it their mission to spread awareness, promote healthier choices, to encourage others to get active by holding events, and to create incentives for students to stay away from junk food.

* Eliminating the temptation is one way to avoid it. Keeping good food nearby and having meals right on time may help in this direction. * Social support from families, friends and community can help people solve problems and deal with adversity Conclusion

* Lifestyle choices do affect an individual’s health enormously. Bad lifestyle choices diminish health while healthy lifestyles lead to increased health. * The decisions we make throughout our lives can positively or negatively affect our health. * Technological development, economy and the fact that we live in a speed century are all factors of developing junk food industry all over the world.

* Even if junk food represent one of the biggest food innovation of the history and it is for everyone no matter what age, sex or culture we have, exaggerate consume of junk food aliments it’s the second cause of mortality in the world after smoking.

* Unfortunately the fact that buying junk food it may be the cheapest and fastest way that we often choose we must change our mentality and think about the risk that eating junk food can cause. * We can change our mentality by correct information, education and orientation for healthy food. REFERENCES

* http://www.who.int/hia/evidence/doh/en/index.html (accessed on 22.08.2013 22:30) * http://www.fatlossfactor.com accessed on 22.08.2013 22:45) * http://healthmeup.com/news-healthy-living/how-junk-food-affects-our-digestion/11426 (accessed on 23.08.2013 20:13) * http://www.afrobella.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/junk-food-clock.jpg