Democratic Politics

Germany, a country known to be one of the most powerful nations in the world; officially recognized as Federal Republic of Germany, the nation has an approximate population of 82 million and a total area of 356920 square kilometers. The country is a democratic country with a liberal free-market economy, freedom of the press and religion. It is a member of the European Union. Germany is located in central Europe and consists of the North German Plain, Mittelgebirge (Central German Uplands) and the Southern German Highlands.

The country forms a bridge between the continental East and the maritime West of Europe, between the cool North and the warmer Source. It is a triad of uplands, triad of mountain ranges and low-land plains or the Bavarian Alps in the South. Historically, the country was unified as a legitimate nation-state in 1871, the time when the German Empire formed, with the Kingdom of Prussia. After the French have defeated in the Franco-Prussian war, the German Empire was declared in Versailles on January 18, 1871.

During this time also, the Hohenzollern dynasty of Prussia is ruling the new empire with Berlin as capital. German empire was a unification of the all the scattered regions of Germany excluding Austria. In 1884, the country has been able to establish several colonies and empires outside Europe. In order to secure the position of Germany as a great country, the leaders gave forged alliances with other nations, and isolate France through diplomatic manner and avoiding conflicts and war.

German Legitimacy Each country has their own political authority and legitimacy. Accordingly, legitimacy is referred to as the popular acceptance or a governing law as an authority while authority is known to be a specific position in a formed government. The former is utilized when describing a scheme of government itself. Legitimacy is noted to be the framework for rule and without having a minimal account of legitimacy; government may lead to frequent collapse and deadlocks in the long run.

In Germany, the government has been able to established their own political authority and legitimacy. Max Weber has mentioned that there are three types of legitimacy and these forms have been the foundation of all human societies across history. The three forms of legitimacy include traditional authority, charismatic authority and rational-legal authority (Anonymous, 2007). In line with German legitimacy, it is considered that the nation has used two forms of legitimacy. These include charismatic legitimacy and rational-legal authority.

Max Weber points that in historical perspectives, the Nazism has a charismatic leader but in the general context, Germany also had rational-legal authority. Charismatic authority is based on the “extraordinary” devotion to a person on account of his or her piety, heroism, or exemplariness and the norms “revealed” or “ordained” by him or her (Breiner, 1996). It has been realized that the creation of Germany as a modern state has been possible due to the development of a disciplined of its rational-legal authority. Rational-legal authority is realized in bureaucratic administration.

Its typical characteristics according to Weber’s construction bespeak at once the complete organization of domination on the basis of purposively rational criteria of predictability and the loss of the moral autonomy associated with value reason. These two authorities and legitimacies have been continuously sustained in the country. There are underlying factors that challenges these legitimacies. The political conditions in Germany as it emerges from its historical experiences arise as a struggle to appropriate the means of power that should be generated in the country.

In this regard, politics in German is being challenged by consent to a principle deemed to be intrinsically rational-represents a weak source of support against opponents even after personal ownership of political means of power has given way to a struggle for these means in Germany. For Weber the inescapable struggle for political power–to gain supporters by means of belief in legitimating and resources to implement one’s projects–drives the need for various forms of legitimacy.

In politics fundamental values may be what define the differences between political agents and their goals, but within the conflict itself legitimation based on voluntary adherence to substantive values can neither survive the struggle nor for that matter succeed within it. From these considerations, it should be clear that for Weber politics is indeed a struggle for power in which ultimate values are considered to challenged the legitimacy of a nation, in this case, Germany.

Other factors that challenge the legitimacy of Germany are the legal orders that have been enacted by the government of Germany. The legitimacy in Germany is also being affected by the laws which have been enacted by the government. Sometimes, the law that is being provisioned may not adhere to the charismatic or rational-legal authorities in the country. In this regard, the government must be able to modify the law to ensure that it addresses the legitimacy which has been implemented by the federal government of the country.


Anonymous (2007). Online available [http://72. 14. 253. 104/search? q=cache:5OoApK3hs8MJ:www. pineforge. com/upm-data/6109_Allen__Chapter_5%255B1%255D__Authority_and_Rationality___Max_Weber. pdf+Germany+rational-legal+authority&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1]. Accessed on September 29, 2007. Breiner, P. (1996). Max Weber and Democratic Politics. Cornell University Press. Weber, Max (1978) Economy and Society, ed. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press