A democracy is a type of government where political power is shared among citizens. The power given allows people to have a direct say in who governs them, via the votes cast by that specific age group of inhabitants in free elections. This is to ensure that a government is made up of those who are truly representative of the people so as to provide its citizens what they need. It is not surprising when democracy is deemed as the worst form of government as a result of some drawbacks.
In my opinion, however, democracy is not a perfect system and there are still earlier-mentioned loopholes though, but it is the best mode of government when compared to others. In a world where an individual’s rights and freedom is highly appreciated, it is justifiable to say that democracy is the most effective among all different forms of government. The biggest virtue of Democracy is the government by people for people. The government represents the views of people who elect them and can throw them out if the government is incapable of running the country.
This system of government offers the most inspiring promise of greater participation in a country’s political procedure as this helps to influence the process of decision-making and management of state affairs. Unlike other forms of government democracy is indeed the little man; each individual is often inter-connected from how everyone else lives their lives. Thus, democracy brings with it a greater perspective than most governments. In a dictatorship, oligarchy, aristocracy, or any other type of government ruled by one or only several people, the view of the state is limited.
One of its obvious outcomes is about economic growth such as a particular flaw in the economy, which would be unnoticed by the ruler(s) of such a government, but observed by at least some of the citizens suffering under the problem. Furthermore, in an anarchic system, there is no official place in which the needs of the people would be heard. Citizens are apparently powerless to change their position in a non-democratic government. With the greater insight granted by democracy, such problems can be solved by representatives of those affected.
In addition, it is only through greater participation that leadership can be constantly kept in check regarding the politicians’ often vaunted commitment to effective delivery of the benefits of democracy and good governance. Besides, a democracy works on a basis where power is divided amongst people so that no one gains too much power over others and the power given to each person can be limited. This political system is much about having checks and balances to the executive and having transparency of decision-making as it is about elections and the populace throwing governments out of power.
A democratic state’s parliament, media and sometimes the judiciary all keep an eye on the executive and what is being done with the people’s money. They are therefore able to see if such actions are detrimental to the country, immoral, or even illegal. This can then be brought to a halt. Even when such actions are not visible to public view, there are separate official institutions that have power to investigate the executive and watch any secret deals or actions that are going on. The United States is a perfect example for this system where each branch of the government is capable of restraining each part from becoming too powerful.
By keeping the power density equivalent for each person in government, abusive governments cannot form. One cannot deny the fact that democratic states usually nearly have freer people w here they are at liberty to express themselves than autocratic states do. This results from one of democracy’s virtues which is its freedom of speech. A person has freedom to say and write and his thought and behavior cannot be regulated and oriented by a second party. Typically, there is freedom in the mass media as it plays an important role in a democracy, according to the Centre for Democracy and Governance in America.
It is to keep the citizens informed about elections so as to cast judicious votes and ensure that elected representatives will uphold their oaths during campaigns. In this way, corruption and failures of policies can be made known to the people without any distortion of truth, thereby maintaining democracy. Despite the fact that the head of state can still ultimately censor certain news that are undesirable to his or her administration, it should be noted that democracy too might not be able to bring about an entirely free media as it is not protected by a constitution.
Contrastingly, oligarchies do not tolerate any form of opposition that might threaten its survival; hence by silencing the media and blocking all constructive comments, economic and societal progress will stagnate if the leaders of the nation are not competent. Therefore, democracy is truly the best form of government in this aspect. However, one cannot deny a big limitation of this system which no democratic states could avoid is its inability to uphold minority’s interest and preferences regardless of their wealth or social position in a community.
It is apparent that pure democracy cannot safeguard the rights of citizens and is actually a tyranny of the majority in which the minority can lose most of its human rights to the interests of the majority. When there is no restriction to the power that the masses have, the minority will actually lose all of its freedom that democracy has promised. Hence, in pure democracy, the American middle and lower class can easily split the wealth of the upper class by using their majority vote, while the 80. 5% of the population in India who are Hindus can easily ban Islam and Christianity with their sheer size.
In a republic, however, the rights of all citizens are protected by a constitution which can never be changed simply by the majority. Those nations that are often thought to be democratic like America and most of European countries are actually republics, and this form of government has proven itself to be much more stable and effective than democracy that has never really existed in any nation throughout history. In some senses, a pure democracy is not always the best form of government since it is unable to promote everyone’s rights but the majority’s ones instead.
Another flaw of this system is a result from how a democracy basically works. All qualified electorates are given a chance to vote for those they think will bring to them what they wish for in nationwide elections. This results in many election campaigns organized in various places accompanied by candidates’ speeches to voice out their motto and attitude. Due to this mechanism, periodically held elections result in increasing gerrymandering during vote-counting process and politicians becoming more election-oriented rather than being service-oriented.
This may lead to a decline in politicians’ integrity together with an increase in airy promises made to public and thus they are unfit in governing an entire country. Democracy also means power is freely conferred with adult individuals of the population and hence it appeals for a cautious and responsible voting action from each electorate; otherwise they will have to bear the consequences if the leaders elected are corrupted or not wise governors.
Besides, this system requires candidates to wholeheartedly desire best things for their citizens. If not, the threat from corrupted politicians is that policies implemented are only aimed at garnering more support from the voters for the election and have little or no benefits for the nation’s economic and societal progress. Once this limitation is either minimized or ceased, democracy will become the most perfect and best possible mode of governing available to our current world.