The Declaration of Independence is a document that was written by the continental congress and tommas Jefferson in perticular to the king of england and the english parlament. It was written as a statement to the english that the colonnies were breaking off from the british empire. They list all of the reasons leading up to this Decision made by the congress. Some of the reasons for them wanting to declare Their independence are that the king george refused to assent to laws that were for the publics good, he forbid his goveners from passing laws of immediate importance unless he chose to suspend them and whilst suspended he would utterly neglect them.
King george also refused to pass laws that gave large bodies of people the right of repersentation. He would also call legeslative bodies togother At places far away from the places they ruled just so they would consent to what he wanted them to. He also created new offices just to harrass the people. Another thing that led to the collenists drafting the declaration of independence was that theKing had kept standing armies in the collonies during times of peace and forcing the citizens to quarter them in their own houses.
Tommas jefferson also lists that the king had cut off trade from the colonnies to the rest of the world and imposed taxes unfairly on the colonies. it is also listed that in many cases trial by jury was suspended and instead the accused were shiped overseas for their trials. He also suspended many of the legeslatures and declared power above all others. He also took away some of the collenists most valuable laws and in doing so he fundamently alterd the forms of the colonists goverment He also abdicated colonists government by declaring them out of his protection and starting a war against them.
Tommas jefferson goes on to say that "He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people'' this stands out to me as being one of the strongest word choices in the entire declaretion of independence. Tommas jefferson goes on to say that the english have started to ship large standing armies over to the colonnies and also hiring foreign mercinrries to continue the works of cruelty not equealed even in the barbarous ages. He goes on to say that king gorge is unworth to be the head of a civilized nation.
Tomas jefferson also goes on to say that the king had offered freedom to any slave that would take up arms aginst the colonies to kill their freinds and neighbors. The author of the declartion of independence is largley considered to be tomas Jefferson, He wrote the draft that was later reviewed and edited by the contintal congress so for the most part the author was indeed Tomas jefferson who was considered at the time to be one of the smartest people in the colonies and afterwards as being one of the smartest presidents the united states ever had. Tommas jefferson was a laywer by trade who owned many slaves and who also married a widdow who also had her own slave family.
I firmly believe that some of jeffersons background fond its way into this declartion of independence. For one most of the arguments he has made have been mostly from a law standpoint instead of an ethical standpoint. One such example of this is whe he says "He has constrained our fellow citizens taken captive on the high seas to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands. " which can beseen now days as being very racist although it wasnt seen as that during the age when the text was written.
This primary source could be considered biased towards the colonists cause seeing that it was tthem that wrote it in there own defense to justify their resons for wanting to break apart from england and the monarchary. So in short this document was written and intended to be a breakup letter with england or so you could call it. It was written in 1774 by tommas jeferson and was intended to be read by the king and his parlament. The nature of its audence shapes this document because it is a greivance from subjects who no longer want to be subjects towards there soon to be formal motherland.