Out of 50 states in the US, 12 do not have the death penalty and 48 have. Death penalty in Texas obviously affected the rate of capital offences to fall. According to Courttv Online, executions from 1930–1976 was 378 whereas executions from 1977 onwards lowered to 155 which means that there were lesser capital crimes committed. In 1995 New York “…violent crimes dropped 23, assaults are down 22, and murders have dropped by nearly one-third. “ (Pataki) The elements for crime punishable by death penalty vary depending on the state.
For example, in California a first-degree murder with special circumstances; train wrecking; treason; perjury causing execution is punishable by death penalty while in Texas, Criminal homicide with 1 of 9 aggravating circumstances (TX Penal Code 19. 03) is punishable. In the year 2005, The Bureau of Justice Statistics released the year’s version of its annual report on the death penalty of the U. S. The report showed that the rate of death sentence has lowered down as well as the number of death rows. This report represents a 5-year trend.
There were 60 executions in 2005 and the period from sentencing to execution was longer in 2005 compared to that in 2004. Death penalty was also brought to questioning when some of its candidates (those who are in death row) raised an argument that death penalty is a violation of a certain law. In 2006, there were executions held in several places in the US as the capital punishment laws aspect were examined. In fact, in Illinois and New Jersey, there was a deferment formed on all executions while the punishment is considered for its practicability.
The other states namely California, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, Ohio and South Dakota were made to halt all individual executions as there were some issues about lethal injection these states are tackling. Those who waived appeals are the only ones to be likely executed. There were 72% of the States that had no execution in 2006 and out of 38 states with death penalty only 14 conceded out execution and there were only 6 states which conducted more than 1 execution.
Issues about lethal injection were raised by inmates both executed and stayed “…generally claiming that the drugs used in the executions cause extreme and unnecessary pain, and that the combination of chemicals masks the pain being experienced by the inmate from the sight of those administering the death penalty. The appeals assert that this is a violation of the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishments.
Initial rulings from federal District Courts in California and Missouri have held the procedures in those states to be unconstitutional because they lack sufficient safeguards and oversight to ensure application of lethal injection. ” (LETHAL INJECTIONS) Moreover, unreliable screening of execution team members, lack of meaningful training and supervision of team members, and improper preparation of the anesthetic are identified as deficiencies. Thus, death penalty is some parts of the US were held and scheduled executions were stayed.
Death penalty often returns two essential parts of the human society: Justice and human dignity. Death penalty is a just way to sentence those who committed the capital offence or crime. If justice is administered, death penalty is the only punishment for violent criminals and murderers. When an individual took something, then it should be collected from him. Then, there is justice. An individual is twinned with a right to be highly respected. If a person is unable to extend respect to one’s dignity, then he is not worthy of one.
Death penalty comes with various effects and there is more to pros than cons. Incapacitation is one effect of death penalty. Executing murderers looses their capacity to murder again, thereby, save innocent lives. The execution of a murderer prevents others from committing the act because of fear of being the next to be executed thereby proving a deterrent effect to individual murderer and save innocent lives. What is the life of a murderer as compared to the lives of innocent people that he took? It is better to loose one life than loose many innocent ones.
If we don’t execute murderers, we are sacrificing the lives of many more. The measure of deterrence is not whether executions result to reduced murder rates, but that executions result to lesser murders than if death penalty is not imposed. Life without parole compared to death penalty has big difference in terms of costs. Many present that with death penalty, the cost is very expensive than without it which is entirely false. In fact, with death penalty, it is far lower than that of sentence to life without parole.
To break it down, with LWOP (life without parole), the government has to spend for cell costs and those omissions that have not been included in the analysis namely, geriatric care, explosion of hepatitis C and AIDS inside prison, etc. These concerns are not issues in death penalty. However in death penalty, a risk to execute an innocent is present. So to minimize this chance, there is extra effort in pretrial, trial, appeals, writ and clemency procedures. I. CONCLUSION I strongly believe that death penalty is the only way to save people’s lives.
As I have discussed previously, it is the most suitable punishment to criminals committing a capital offence. It also promotes a safe and harmonious living. No worries about our children going out if they are still coming home in one piece. We can go out and come home anytime of the day, without the fright that someone may be looking, stalking, and if there’s a chance, rape and kill us. With death penalty, violent people will be tamed and killers will be opted out of this world with a lot of sense. Yes, it means to kill a person.
However, it means to kill a person, who have killed a lot of times, took a lot of innocent lives, and not just kill them, but torture them, rape them. How many people should a person kill before we decide to kill them? How many daughters should a person rape and kill before we decide to get rid of that person? If killing is the only way to stop killings, then the best solution is to compromise. And that compromise is Death Penalty. II. RECOMMENDATION The implementation of Death Penalty as a capital punishment requires extra care.
Death Penalty is the best solution to unending crimes and to save innocent lives, however, it should be dealt with proper training, supervision and application. Otherwise, Death Penalty will just be one violation of the government laws. Proper training should consist of experts and medical personnel who will be able to extend necessary information regarding the application and preparation of the chemicals needed. Execution team must be regularly evaluated so as to monitor if they are continually abiding with the rules and policies in executing a convict.
Team members should be screened properly and carefully. There should be a set of criteria wherein a person will become a member of the team for execution. If there is a mistake in convicting a person and sentence him to death, then likely, there also will be a mistake in convicting a person and sentence him to life-without-parole. If both have this risk, then this should not be a question, instead, we must find ways on how to reduce the risk. Death penalty will never be a question for death penalty.
However the tortures, possible harassment and potential inhuman application within prison when a person is sentenced to life-without-parole is certainly a contradiction to human dignity. Although, the above mentioned are violations to conduct, a number of prisons are housing these kinds of experiences. Moreover, if a person convicted of a capital crime and is sentenced to life-without-parole tends to bring out a lot of influence to those convicts with minor offense.
There are many circumstances when a person goes in to prison for a petty, non-violent offense and goes out as serious and violent one. This is one major thing that we need to consider.
Pataki, George. "Death Penalty is a Deterrent. " USA Today March 1997 28 Feb 2007 <http://www. prodeathpenalty. com/Articles/Pataki. htm>. Anderson, David. "The Death Penalty – A defense. " 2002 28 Feb 2007 <http://web. telia. com/~u15509119/ny_sida_2. htm>.