Globalization changes views of other countries regarding death penalty. Not all nations in the world practice the juvenile justice system being imposed in the United States. There are many reasons for the abolishment of the said punishment especially on countries who follows religious beliefs and preservation of life. International law identified death penalty as a big human rights issue. United States had faced many issues about imposing death penalty.
This is because they go against several rules involving human right particularly on cases of juvenile offenders. The issue was settled but still there are parts of the United States who uses capital punishment. Majority of the world wanted to abolish death penalty. There are organizations that wanted to demand favorable rights for juvenile offenders. According to Amnesty International, since the adoption of the Declaration of Human Rights 50 years ago, more than half of the world's countries have abolished the use of the death penalty (Wilson, 2000).
“Amnesty International is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights to be respected and protected for everyone” (Amnesty International, 2008). This organization made several protest to inculcate makers of law that human right abuses can be seen anywhere which concerns all people everywhere. The rates of human rights abuse serves as an inspiration to members of Amnesty International to work harder and improve the lives of many people through campaigns.
They go from one country to another and convince makers of the justice system to abolish death penalty because it is really a violation of everyone's right to life. “Activists take up human rights issues by mobilizing public pressure through mass demonstrations, vigils and direct lobbying as well as online and offline campaigning” (Amnesty International, 2008). Every campaign made by the said organization is in line with the articles written in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. They have sets of goals of action to prevent and end up grave violations of what is written in the articles.
The ultimate goal of Amnesty International is to make a major change globally and locally in the justice system. According to the website of the said organization the following are their course of actions. It is overwhelming for victims to know that they are not alone in their fight for justice. At the same time, convicted criminals are also given support by the said organization by trying their best to abolish totally punishments that will end up their lives in a snap. Even media supports several campaigns of Amnesty International to spread their good intentions for people (Amnesty International, 2008).
As an organization, Amnesty International is an independent movement and favors democracy. As written on their websiete: “We have a number of safeguard in place to protect our autonomy” (Amnesty International, 2008). We are: (1) Independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion, (2) Democratic and self-governing, and (3)Financially self-sufficient, thanks to the generous support of donations provided by individual members and supporters (Amnesty International, 2008). They are not directly opposing government and political system.
But they are also not supporting any of which because what they are into is working hard to follow what is written in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Conclusion There are many controversies about Death Penalty in the Juvenile Justice System. There are researches that show how juveniles differs in their capacity to behave ad control their feelings. This is one good basis to abolish the said punishment. It is better to shift on other disciplinary measure like rehabilitation and treatment rather than taking immediately the life of young offenders.
Adults should do their best in monitoring the behavior and activities of juveniles to avoid any cases of delinquency. There are many factors that trigger a juvenile to do crime related activities. Peer pressure and curiosity is one major reason for their misbehaviors. This is their turning point towards maturity but then lack of proper guidance cases them to become immature and make harsh decisions. Their innocence sometimes leads them to doing what is against the law. There are also situations that require them to do self defense which turned them into criminals.
Example of this is juveniles being sentenced to death because of murder. Some criminals are only after self defense but lack of money to acquire an attorney deprived them from receiving equal justice. Juvenile Justice System concerns most in giving juveniles the corresponding punishments for their delinquent activities. These punishments, treatments and other programs are designed to prevent them from becoming adult criminals in the future. However there are certain regulations in the juvenile justice system which is made similar to the adult system.
It is not just to incorporate death to the lives of young offenders. There are countries that go for the said policy but majority of the world opposes capital punishment. In the United States several reforms were made in the juvenile justice system to give new ways in solving the problem. Although not the entire country abolished death penalty, there are organizations who settle the issue in convincing the remaining states to totally remove it. Death penalty is really an inappropriate penalty for juveniles because they have not yet attain full physical or emotional immaturity at the time of their actions.
Juvenile offenders who are sentenced to death mostly suffer from inadequate judicial proceedings and ineffective legal representations. There are also underlying causes that lead to the imposition of death penalty. Most of the arguments opposes it because most of the time it tends to be biased. Giving Capital punishment to the juvenile offenders does not suit the society’s traditional justifications. Juveniles are unable to assume the measure of accountability for the mistakes are actions. Death penalty effectively deters one from committing violent crime.
Providing death penalty to juveniles cost the society more to execute than to imprison them for life.
Age of Enlightenment. (2006). WNEC Faculty Homepages. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from: http://mars. wnec. edu/~grempel/courses/wc2/lectures/enlightenment. html American Bar Association, Report of the Section of Criminal Justice, ABA policy on the juvenile death penalty Amnesty International (2008). Amnesty International Website. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from: http://www. amnesty. org/ Amnesty International. Death Penalty. April 2007. Retrieve April 28, 2007 Juvenile delinquency (2007).