Discuss two such factors you think are the most important in maintaining ethnic identity of the second and third generation. Give reasons Family enculturation will be the basic and most important factor in maintaining ethnic identity. It will always be the foundation of the individual’s values, beliefs and culture. However, parenting sometimes becomes difficult for the first generation because what immigrant parents already know about parenting from their original culture may conflict with parenting behaviors of the parents of the majority community.
More often than not, the children are caught in the middle and confused of what is right or what is wrong. This is where the big challenge of the parents to maintain their ethnic identity. Success for the immigrant parents to pass through the first generation will pass the challenge on them for transferring the ethnic identity to the second generation and to the third as well. The force for acculturation increases as the generation is mixed with other race or culture.
The mix marriage results to the loss of ethnic identity of one or both of the partners and this will be a real concern in maintaining ethnic identity. Much effort has to be done here by the parents to maintain ethnic identity. According to Steinberg, (1996), parents can effectively maintain ethnic identity through ethnic socialization which consists of three themes: 1) understanding one's own culture, 2) getting along in mainstream society, and 3) dealing with racism. (Steinberg, 1996) Another factor that can be considered to be important in maintaining ethnic identity is to live with the same ethnic group.
This will maximize the interaction of the members of the ethnic group and will strengthen the symbols that bind the group. It will also foster unity among the ethnic group promoting the preservation of their ethnic identity.
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