The flexibility of the illegal immigrants has been appealing to most employers especially whose jobs are basically of contracts like in the construction industry. This is because the employer would not be obliged to keep the employees when the contract comes to an end. This is the same in the agricultural sector, since the employer can use the service of the employee for one season and look for others in the following season. In sectors like cleaning and baby care, illegal immigrants are more considered as they are not bothered with job security since there is no contract bounding them and the employers.
The illegal labor market has thus been mostly determined by the mode of informal job provisions in the market (Hanson, pp 5). The government policies can also be said to have contributed to the increased number of illegal immigrants. One area is the requirement for obtaining a green card which requires one to hold certain level of education which most immigrants do not meet. The other problem faces those with families and wants to get entry into the US. They have to undergo very tedious procedures which make a person prefer to enter US illegally than undergoing all these procedures yet one is not guaranteed of qualifying after the process.
In addition, even if one gets a green card, it does not mean that they are entitled to immediately enter in US, but until some logistics have been fixed. Because of such strict policies, people prefer to use illegal means to get in US than going for the legal means. Those opposed to illegal immigrants have argued that economic situations have gone up because of the illegal immigrants. This is because they contribute to lowering of domestic wages while leading to increased expenditure in areas like the health care. In reality, if this could be happening, then the government should look for means of strictly dealing with illegal immigrations.
In general, the illegal immigrants help the US economy to use domestic resources in an efficient way hence leading to increased economic growth. However, since there are different categories of immigrants, on individual levels, their effects on the economy have varied scales. The impact of the immigrants on the US economy can be looked at in terms of tax or expenditures. Public spending is mostly directed at the immigrants who have got larger families with low income. However, it is also important to note that even though they have low income, illegal immigrants contribute significantly to the tax bracket (Swain, pp 87).
There is a larger number of illegal immigrant work force which makes the wage of the American worker to be low. But again, in spite of this, they contribute to the economic growth from the extra earnings they get. Increased labor force of the illegal immigrants implies that the other factors of production can be well used thus causing increased production of goods and services. This on the other hand leads to increased productivity that makes the economy to grow more, through immigration surplus (Martin, 2007).
These benefits are however not equal, because as the number of illegal immigrants increase in the market, they compete with the local worker, and in the end leads to decreased average wage of the country. Since illegal immigrants mostly looks for unskilled or semi skilled labor, this mostly affects the natives. The natives have had their wages adversely affected by the increased illegal immigrants. On the other hand, the consumers benefit since as the products, especially those that are labor intensive are produced at cheap labor, their market prices also go down. Lower prices commodities would help the consumer to increase savings.