There are several points of comparison between the war in Iraq and the U. S. involvement in Vietnam. In both instances, the United States entered the conflict on the basis of false or incorrect intelligence. In Vietnam, the U. S. began combat operations after the Gulf of Tonkin incident, an alleged attack on a U. S. boat later determined to have been a fabrication. In Iraq, the combat was predicated by reports of the existence of weapons of mass destruction. These reports were later determined to be in error. In both instances, the war was entered without a clear endgame plan.
This caused the wars to become extremely unpopular in the United States. Both presidents Nixon and Obama were elected in part with a mandate to end the wars. Additionally, in both cases it was difficult to determine who were combatants and who were civilians, as indigenous people in both nations used civilians to carry out attacks. At this point, a “win” in Iraq would involve a withdrawal of U. S. troops without further loss of life. The local government should be in place with a democratically elected leadership that reflects the ideological differences in the area.
The local government should have the personnel and training to contend with the sectarian violence that has become characteristic of the nation of Iraq. The withdrawal should be a gradual affair in order to allow local authorities to assume control. Such a circumstance should be attainable over about a year. In fairness to the people of Iraq, the United States should help to repair the infrastructure in Iraq; however, they should do so by offering trade concessions and oil contracts. In congress, most Democrats and a number of Republicans support withdrawal.
As the last election was to some extent a mandate in opposition to our presence in Iraq, relatively few politicians are presently vocal in their opposition to the draw down of US troops. 2. Establish the differences in the following foreign policy terms: Containment of Communism, Spread Democracy, Isolationism, United Nations world Policing Power. Give examples of the United States actions on each of these terms by determining the time period and occurrence of each, and identify a Foreign Policy President for each, and identify the outcome for the United States in each area. Also address the following: Dwight D.
Eisenhower, in his farewell address to the nation, warned United States citizens about the dangers of the military industrial complex, what did Eisenhower mean by this statement? Was he correct? What is the military industrial complex and what are some of the companies involved in the complex? How are these companies connected to the government? Is this military industrial complex a real threat to national security? How and Why? Containment of Communism is the foreign policy that involves the United States bending financial and military efforts to prevent the spread of Communism beyond its borders during the Cold War (1946-1991).
Efforts by the United States in this arena have led to our support of totalitarian regimes in countries such as Iraq, Vietnam, and others. Under containment, the US was unlikely to intervene in any nation not threatened by a takeover of Communist forces. In contrast, the modern U. S. policy of “spreading Democracy” has the United States proactively intervening in foreign affairs to support the Democratically elected leadership in foreign nations. This stance rarely leads to direct military action, as self-determination is a key element of the policy, but the U. S.
will offer financial and indirect military support to forces fighting for elections. This policy was nominally adopted during WWI and continues to some extent to this day. Isolationism, the foreign policy originally suggested by George Washington, was practiced intermittently by the U. S. government, most notably between WWI and WWII. The policy was a strict mandate to avoid involving the nation in foreign matters. UN world Policing Power is the policy of lending US military and financial strength to United Nations efforts of peacekeeping, the prevention of genocide, and oppression by governments throughout the world.
This is the good portion of current foreign policy, although it seems that the United States uses the UN to support its own policing efforts as often as the other way around. The military-industrial complex described by Eisenhower is an interdependence of domestic economy and military strength that developed during the Cold War. Eisenhower feared that military industry leadership would apply pressure to government to promote aggressive foreign policy. Large companies, such as Boeing, Lockheed-Martin, Dow Chemical and many others depend on government military contracts for their financial success.
As large companies, they hire lobbyists to encourage members of the government to engage in military buildups which require these contracts. Such influence is a threat to national security in that these companies and supporters of the Military-Industrial complex generally support aggressive military action by the United States, and it could be argued that such action is not always in the best interest of the country, and that it puts American lives in danger and threatens the security of the United States. 3. America is economically stronger when we participate fully in the worldwide economy.
When 95% of the potential customers for American products live outside the U. S. , America must reject policies that would result in economic isolationism. What does this sentence mean? What is outsourcing? How has outsourcing affected the United States? Which Presidents have historically supported the use of Outsourcing? Identify at least 3 companies in the United States that uses Outsourcing and identify the countries that the jobs are outsourced to. This sentence means that the US must support free trade with other nations, as our economy has become dependent on such trade.
Unfortunately, this policy, where it exists has led to outsourcing of certain jobs. This means that jobs for American-based companies are being done overseas in nations where the labor and wage standards are less strict. The companies save money by hiring foreign workers in their own countries to complete the work at lower pay. Outsourcing has the effect of moving low-skill jobs out of the country. This compels the US workforce to become more skilled and educated in order to hold jobs. US companies have thrived largely as a result of outsourcing, allowing them to expand and create more jobs domestically.
While no president supports “outsourcing” as a policy, Free Trade has been embraced by most post-cold war administrations. Clinton passed the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement and both Bush Jr. , and Obama have come out in support of free trade. AT&T outsourcers their customer service to India as does Microsoft, Comcast, and many other companies. 4. Explain 4 of the Programs implemented During the Great Depression with the New Deal Legislation that are still part of our Policy formulation currently in the United States Government. Remember when Roosevelt implemented the New Deal one of the aspects, was working for pay.
What were the 3 Ra€™s of Roosevelta€™s administration in terms of economic issues. . Welfare: Some countries assign specific jobs to recipients who must work in these roles in order for welfare payments, some of these positions include working for the government, working in the military, and working for non profit organizations. How does this affect a Welfare state? Could a situation like the one above even be considered a welfare state? Would it benefit people who were forced to work a certain job if they are receiving welfare benefits? Why and why not? One program instigated during the New Deal was Social security.
Facing the problem of elderly Americans too unfit to work, Roosevelt sought to set up a program whereby the Government would help people save for retirement. A second policy of the New Deal was job creation through infrastructure improvement. This has been used for economic stimulus in a variety of ways. Not only does the government hire hundreds of thousands of people directly, government contracts compel many companies to hire as well. The original programs were the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Works Progress Association.
Another program installed during the New Deal was the Federal Deposit insurance Commission. The FDIC was implemented to return confidence in the banks by insuring depositors’ money up to a certain amount. (currently $100,000). This program exists in its original form and has expanded to include government bailouts of banks that invested in poor assets, such as real estate. A final program that was instituted during the New Deal was government support of the Arts. Originally done through the WPA, this policy has continued with the National Endowment of the Arts.
The NEA supplies funding for art projects, public television and many other projects. During the depression, arts and literature continued in part because of the NEA. These and other programs were designed to promote the “Three R’s” of the New Deal. These were relief, recovery and reform. The long-term programs were designed for reform. The practice of the government assigning jobs to welfare recipients has a fundamental effect upon a welfare state. By compelling work, the state avoids the appearance of “handing out” money and creating a subculture of lazy freeloaders.
The idea of working for welfare could have limited success if it were supported by other necessary elements such as child care, health benefits and a living wage. Additionally, the tasks set for these workers should be necessary ones involving infrastructure, rather than simply make-work jobs. This would help neutralize the economic hardship such a program might apply to an economy. O n the other hand, compelling people to do certain jobs is a major infringement on individual liberty. 5. Take a look at immigration issues in Texas.
What is the current amount from the Texas budget that is being spent on immigration issues? Identify the various forms of border control that is being exercised on the Texas border. Now take a look at the Mexican economy and determine the average cost of living in Mexico and compare that to Texas cost of living. What is the average wage in Mexico (pesos) and compare that to the average wage in Texas. Determine the percentage of Mexicana€™s living below poverty in Mexico, then do the same for Texans living in Texas. Then identify the population in Mexico compared to Texas.
Determine how NAFTA has helped, and how NAFTA has hurt the Mexican economy. Currently, only a small percentage of the Texas budget is used on border patrol and security. (less than 1%). However, immigration issues also include public benefits for immigrants, bilingual education, health care and many other issues. As Immigrants represent a significant portion of the Texas population, they are important to that portion of the budget dedicated to public services (about 36%)Border control consists of thinly-spread border patrol officers, walls in some areas, and local vigilante militia patrols.
In all, the border cannot be adequately protected by the resources. In US dollars, the average Mexican’s wage is about $6000, while a Mexican immigrant to Texas averages about $12,000 per year. The cost of living in Texas is much higher than that of Mexico, however. Many more Mexicans live below the poverty level than do Texans. NAFTA has helped the Mexican economy by bringing jobs into the nation and decreasing prices of foreign goods. NAFTA has hurt the Mexican economy by reducing the demand for Mexican-Made products in comparison to higher-quality foreign products offered at competitive process.