Just as there are many types of government, there are many different opinions on what the role of the government is. Some believe the government should do everything in its power to protect its people, while others believe government’s sole purpose is to enforce laws. In the US, the government provides a great deal of freedoms and encourages prosperity, while the government in Cuba places severe restrictions on its people. The authoritarian regime limits the religious, social and financial opportunity of its people.
Cuba’s undemocratic government has created a country of oppression and restriction, which has resulted in suffering for everyone who lives there. In Cuba there exists a variety of social and financial problems. One of the dominant problems is a lack of free speech/expression (Frank). Citizens who show devotion to their religion often face discrimination, in belief that they are against the government(Clinton). The discrimination limits ones employment opportunities (Frank). Cuban citizens also face restrictions on their freedom of speech but with much more severe consequences. Speaking out against the government results in incarceration.
There is no tolerance for belief other than the ones approved by the government(Frank). In order to monitor people’s actions, the government utilizes a complex network of individuals who roam the streets to listen to conversations and to check mail to ensure compliance amongst civilians(Frank). People’s opportunities are limited greatly. Due to lack of pay and education, Cuban people cannot achieve their maximum potential (Bullard). Cuba’s totalitarian government and power structure has caused the vast majority of problems that exist in the country.
When Fidel Castro took control of Cuba he needed to adopt an ideology that would unite a people and a country, and place him in the role of sole leader and head of Cuba (Clinton). Currently Raul Castro—brother of former President Fidel Castro—is President of the Council of State, President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister), First Secretary of the Communist Party, and Commander in Chief of the Revolutionary Armed Forces.
He controls almost every aspect of Cuba’s government (Menendez). President Raul Castro exercises control over all aspects of life through the Communist Party and its affiliated mass organizations, the government bureaucracy headed by the Council of State, and the state security apparatus (Clinton). President Castro personally chooses the membership of the Politburo, the select group that heads the party (Clinton). The Communist Party controls all government positions, including judicial offices. The judiciary is completely subordinate to the Government and to the Communist Party( Clinton). Although no perfect government exists, the presence of democracy in Cuba would eliminate much of the suffering.
The power of international market relations and market economy is stronger than the power of authoritarian regimes (Bullard). The fact that Cuba only sells sugar cane and coffee to the Soviet Union limits their income greatly (Bullard). Trading with America would help their economy and allow Cuba to grow as a country(Clinton). In democratic countries, such as the US, the government is controlled by the people, and the people have political and social equality(Clinton). This is the complete opposite in a non-democratic country like Cuba, where the common folk have no roll in the government whatsoever.
Making a conclusion we should take into consideration that economics and social infrastructure of the country are mutually connected and are integral components of each other. It’s impossible to look on countries social sector without taking into consideration the economics, which funds it. But for Cuba this concept appeared to be inapplicable as well as for former socialist states. They wanted to establish a “heaven” from the side of the government by providing the population with social protection and insurance, but at the same time keeping the whole country nearly at the poverty line.
Factually every one appeared to be equal and have a protection from the state, but they could enjoy the gains of the country only on its territory being alienated from the whole world and with several restrictions. Social protection was achieved by making everyone equal, making everyone a unit of the authoritarian regime, with equal opportunities and equal rights, separating and alienating country from the rest of the world.
Works Cited Frank, Pucillo D. “Many Came to U. S. to Avoid Corruption. ” South Florida Sun – Sentinel: 0. Mar 17 2005. ProQuest. Web. 12 Apr. 2013.
Clinton, William J. “Promoting a Peaceful Transition to Democracy in Cuba. ” U. S. Department of State Dispatch 7. 29 (1996): 364-. ProQuest. Web. 15 Apr. 2013. Menendez, Senators Meet with Rosa Maria Paya, Discuss Democracy in Cuba. Lanham, United States, Lanham: Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc, 2013. ProQuest. Web. 12 Apr. 2013. “The Oppressed Looked in Vain for Hope at Summit. ” Wall Street Journal: A. 14. Apr 27 2009. ProQuest. Web. 12 Apr. 2013 . Bullard, R. L, “How Cubans Differ from Us” The North American Review , Vol. 186, No. 624 (Nov. , 1907), pp. 416-421.