For this assignment you are required to analyse a Pre Sentence Report you have written. What is the rational behind the information you have included and how does this explain offending behaviour and support your conclusions? This essay will identify how a case management model has influenced my work with an offender, using an analysis of a Pre-sentence report [PSR]. I will discuss the principles of Case Management from a national and local perspective in relation to pre-sentence report writing.
The main theme will be the process applied in preparing the report and the issues that inform practice and content of such reports. The purpose of a pre-sentence report [PSR] is to provide information about the offender and the offences, which the court needs to consider in passing sentence [Home Office 2002, Hill 2002]. There is a clear focus on risk [Hill 2002]. Case Management starts at the PSR stage, with the author identifying both risk and need and in the majority of cases a sentence proposal. The above may then be used post sentence to provide information in the development of a supervision plan.
" Assessment is a continuous process which involves gathering information in order to ascertain the level of risk posed by, and the criminogenic needs of, an individual offender. It is begun at the PSR stage and will be added to and revised post sentence. " [Chapman & Hough 1998]. Probation assessment of risk calculates that of harm and re-offending [Kemshall 1996]. A unique offender profile gained from actuarial and dynamic risk and needs assessment is an expectation of Probation reports and the basis for all case management decisions [Wallis 2001].
The National development of a new Probation /Prison Offender Assessment System [OASys] is now complete and in use on Merseyside, this provides the information which was previously derived from the Offender Group Reconviction Score [OGRS] and Evaluation and Monitoring [E & M] and provides a risk of re-offending based on static factors and identifies areas of need by assessing dynamic factors. Policy statements such as National Standards [Home Office 2002] limit the composition of reports, by providing clear frameworks, expectations and content in writing such reports.
All reports being gate kept prior to presentation to a Court, by a senior practitioner to ensure objectivity, anti-oppressive and anti-discriminatory practice is adhered to. In preparation for receiving a PSR I familiarised myself, with guidance available regarding PSR proposals and the targeting of offenders to the appropriate sentences via a sentencing matrix [July 2002], an auditing tool used by Senior Probation Officers when quality assessing PSR's [HM Inspectorate of Probation 2000]. Plus an aid to memoir I devised to assist in working through each part of a PSR. These documents acted as a resource prior to, during and post interviews.
These along with National Standards [2002 revised] advise the structure and content of my report. The defendant is a 24-year-old black male offender who has pleaded guilty to one count of Dishonesty-made of without paying-taxi fare 5. 30. One interview was carried out in order to prepare this PSR at South Liverpool Probation Centre as the offender had been granted bail. The offender has a many previous convictions, was and still is subject to a parole licence at the time of the offence, and has experience of both community based and custodial sentencing disposals.