Criminology and criminal justice are directly linked to each other in many aspects. Notably, both are broad field in the study of social construction of crime (Maguire, Morgan, and Reiner, p. 180). Meanwhile, criminology is “concern with social and individual antecedents of crime and with the nature of crime as a social phenomenon” (Maguire, Morgan, and Reiner, 2007, p. 180). In addition, it is a study that has an all encompassing disciplinary resources which comes from sociology, social theory, psychology, history, economics and political science (Maguire, Morgan, and Reiner, 2007, p.
180). Apart from that, the study of criminology looks into the aspects that have contributed in the construction of crime as well as the pattern of criminality. On the other hand, criminal justice deals with the “specifically institutional aspects of the social construction of crime” (Maguire, Morgan, and Reiner, 2007, p. 180). Criminal justice system encompasses all the criminal procedure and processes like plea bargaining, trial procedure, policing, and prosecution. It also covers the penalties imposed for the crimes committed.
Apart from that, the criminal justice system is the over-all system that controls the prosecution of crime, criminal, administrative, or civil. Furthermore, the relationship of criminology and criminal justice is continuing. Remarkably, criminology is the study of the theories, laws, basic principles and other factors related to the crime, commission of crime, penalties, and the parties involved. It also deals with the study of nature of crime and at the same time the factors that have contributed to the commission of crime.
Criminal justice, on the other hand is the actual application of the principles, theories, and laws about crime. Criminology is the primary discipline being thought in school, specifically to criminologist students. Thereafter, the application of the discipline takes place through the criminal justice system. Hence, the relationship is continuing. References Maguire, M. , Morgan, R. , and Reiner, R. (2007). The Oxford handbook of criminology. New York: Oxford University Press.