Hence when released they turn back to their old habits which portray potential circumstances of performing the same criminal offenses that lead to their conviction. Also the prison system does not cater for the rehabilitation of the prisoners once outside their confinement, making the prisoner to loss the principles he had adapted from the stipulated prison guidelines which symbolized his lifestyle thus the ease in falling into the same temptation of committing criminal offenses (Hawkins 109).
In most correction facilities brutality is the theme of the day leading to victimizations of the prisoners and general psychological devastation as their rights are intentionally ignored and abused by those who instill authority. Overcrowding in the correction facilities has greatly strained the available resources for effectively managing the prison system. Tax payers are exorbitantly complaining due to the amount of money they contribute to affect the running of prisons.
The prison facilities require about USD20, 000 annually to cater for the needs of one prisoner and approximately USD18 billion is collected from public coffers annually (Hawkins 28). Thus the strain in provision of adequate safety levels, adoption of programs that contribute to the improvement of their future life and abuse of the prisoner’s rights is stimulated. Overcrowding has also resulted to provision of low quality and quantity of food, filthy cells, poor health care and lack of some essential activities such as recreation facilities.
This has increased the conflicts that develop in the prison setting thus affecting the rehabilitation of the inmates as they result to drastic actions of solving conflicts such as murder (Hawkins 163). Prison warders in most prison facilities judge the prisoners and thus subject them to unjustly regulations which deny the inmates their respect and dignity. The guards are supposed to act professionally in accordance to their jobs ethics and thus be attributed with positive traits and attitude which are reflected in the mandate they instill.
The guards should stimulate traits which will make prisoners to perceive them as their role models and replicate their actions. Unfortunately, most warders abuse and assault the prisoners verbally, emotionally and physically when performing their duties, for instance the mentally ill are victimized because of their inability to operate in a prison setting (Western 37).
The cultural organization of the correction facilities did not plan for overcrowding, thus the work and activities that a single inmate is subjected is reduced generating more free time to the disposal of the prisoners which results to boredom and stress. As a result the prisoners have formulated tactics that help them occupy this time such as formation of cluster groups. These cultural practices advocates for the struggle of power to attain supremacy which has resulted to formulation of groups based on ethnicity, race and religion.
This has resulted to the increase in victimization of the prisoners as the subculture organization makes the inmate to use authority as a means of survival which inflicts physical and psychological effects that are much worse than the effected inflicted by the authority of prison staff members. Once the prisoner is released he tends to be biased in accordance to ethnicity, race, social class and religion (Western 123).