Stalking is the act of giving unwanted attention given by an individual or sometimes by a group of people to a person. In addition, stalking has various meanings and definitions that depend on the orientation, such as that from the field of psychology. In criminal law, however, stalking is a legal and criminal offense. More so, this is also classified as a violation of the civil rights of a person, in cases where an individual reports intimidation and fear regarding the said unwanted attention coming from another person or group.
For a long period, there is no definite law that characterizes stalking as a crime or labels it as a serious criminal offense until the state of California in United States has legally forged it as a crime. In a sense, there is really no definite law in the international court that characterizes stalking as a criminal offense. In fact, the laws towards the offence of stalking vary in different state and different countries, where the case of such given unwanted attention is higher and has become a national concern.
Therefore, stalking does not possess a valid crime definition. As per the laws coming from different states and countries, certain degrees and violations should occur before an individual is labeled as a stalker. Thu, the laws towards stalking varies from different states as this criminal offense differs on the type of action done by the perpetrator. Lastly, as seen evident in most of the laws on stalking, a combination of various crimes that aggravate the situation comprises its criminal state.
For instance, without the presence of fear, intimidation and threat from the perpetrator, the stalker cannot be held criminally liable. In the end, the harassment and violations of temporary restraining order are considered as the main factors that constitute the crime of stalking. Reference Port, T. (2007). Stalking Crime Anti-Stalking Laws. Retrieved July 23, 2009, from http://personalitydisorders. suite101. com/article. cfm/stalking_law