In today’s society the use of technology, terrorism, and organized crime has been undoubtedly a future trend therefore, the criminal justice system remains to be an essential safeguard for society globally. Evolving changes in technology, terrorism, and organized crime has been complex in the early years of the twenty-first century, which requires the criminal justice system to take drastic steps to prevent such crimes. Society and politicians are demanding legal responsibility, protection, and public safety therefore several law enforcement agencies are implementing computer services for law enforcement management systems.
Further training has been implemented for law enforcement units to correctly respond to such criminal occurrences. Because law enforcement officials are being held accountable for the safety of society law enforcement officials must engage in tactical preparation, must have a neighborhood rapport, and more technologically advanced in terms of computer management and rapid deployment systems. Countless of individuals are being incarcerated therefore crime rates are diminishing in comparison to earlier decades.
However, the disputes are consistent with the notions that incarceration is not a substantial punishment. The notion is how to minimize future criminal behavior and incarceration. The criminal justice systems viewpoint is complex as to whether offenders should be rehabilitated or prison sentences should be longer and more punitive. United States is currently the only Western civilization that sentences individual’s lengthy terms and currently reinforces capital punishment.
Expectations and foresights of future trends are indicated by disputes, challenges, opportunities, expectations, innovative awareness, and high-tech improvements. Subsequently, the first decade of the twenty-first century, criminal justice officials are stumbling upon immense CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS 3 trials and governmental changes. High-tech technology and societal changes along with procedure updates proposes a better future. Several of these innovated approaches consist of increased use of biosensors, lasers, and thermal neutron analysis equipment assisting investigators searching for missing persons and toxic wastes;
Electronic tracking devices such as subdural implants, bracelets, and anklets hopefully saving states millions of dollars for home detention and electronic monitoring instead of incarceration; Cellular phones, electronic pendants, and geo-satellite tracking devices helping to protect chronically battered women and those in life-threatening situations; Increased development and use of digital technology, artificial intelligence systems, data-based court management systems, and computer-based tracking systems are being used to solve crimes of today; Increased development of nonlethal weapons such as laser guns, rubber bullets, and chemical sprays are being looked upon as saving thousands of lives each year; The use of bionic eyes and eardrums providing a major aid to police surveillance activities;
Behavior-altering drugs implanted in the back of a sex offender or an alcoholic can be activated automatically, for example, when an offender approaches an elementary school or a tavern; Microprocessors implanted in persons could relay physiological reactions to a central monitoring station, which would trigger the release of a small amount of tranquilizer or a fast-acting sleep inducer as situations warrant;
Day reporting, day fines, intensive probation supervision, and restitution could save states and counties millions of dollars while dealing with nonviolent offenders provided that each jurisdiction has an adequate accounting and monitoring staff; With the emergence of bioterrorism and other weapons of mass destruction, federally sponsored crime laboratories are rapidly developing vaccines and other protective measures.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS 4 To reaffirm the rights of privacy is one of the most technical legal concerns and grounds for controversy to our criminal justice system. The retina, iris and hand held geometry biometrics high-tech devices could be intrusive to an individual while having the right of entry to obtain data of an individual’s health, and medical history. Finger, hand scanning, hand geometry, biometric scanning, facial recognition, and eye scanning are innovative high-tech devices being utilized to detect illegal drugs, concealed weapons and to prevent illegal activities within the correctional system. Innovative technology such as the smart card technique has already been implemented in Australia’s prison system to deliver elite security, efficiency, and flexibility.
However, the constitutional purpose is the safeguard of one’s right of privacy within the United States. Uncertainties are to be established regarding the outcome in which technology may have on the rapport among correctional officials and inmates. The practice of innovative technology within the prison systems validates how technology has become necessary within the criminal justice system.
“Criminal Justice and Forensic Science: Partners in Solving Crimes” writes about how the forensic scientist should be responsible for counsel data and evidence regarding cases to provide a determination if a trial is warranted. Currently, forensic biologist, forensic anthropologists are available to assistance in the identification process of defendants. Further strategies add in tele-forensics and cyclovision. The admissibility of scientific evidence is influencing criminal cases. The criminal justice system has gone into uncultivated terrain in the twenty-first century but has discovered dissimilar approaches of innovative technology that has aided evidence in cases.
The economy of the United States is being reshaped by a techno economic revolution comparable to the Industrial Revolution in terms of its impact on the CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS 5 definition of work, organization, and worker. The integration of information technologies in the twenty-first century requires dynamic organizational structures as well as employee participation. The criminal justice organizations need to change. The challenges facing society today are the degree to which income disparity and job displacement can be translated into high-value jobs and “informed” workplaces.
Specifically society needs to reallocate necessary resources to support new technical competencies and high quality workplaces. According to Gido, “the alternative is a future where criminal justice agencies and agents continue to function as reactive forces to crime and violence as enacted by those permanently displaced from the labor market. ” Globalization has helped to transform domestic problems into transnational challenges. According to Hoang and Meadows, “porous borders, technological innovations and global communications networks have allowed gangs such as MS-13 to evolve into transnational crime syndicates that extend beyond national borders. ”
In predicting the future, society can comprehend without viable alternatives for youth, the deteriorating social as well as economic conditions that currently exist within the United States make gang membership all that more glamorous in today’s society. In looking at the crime challenges that face us in the twenty-first century, Peak and Miller look to forecast what is in store for society, especially as one is to look at gangs and the problems they are posing today. Is there for example a relationship between gangs and acts of terrorism?
There are predictions that “urban terrorism,” where aggressive gangs are dominating the social lives of some American neighborhoods, is more of a threat than the foreign terrorist. In the post-September 11, 2001 world, law enforcement and national security professionals can ill afford to ignore potential links between terrorism and other criminal CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS 6 activities. There are groups that share with terrorists the ability as well as the inclination to use violence to achieve whatever political and economic ends they desire.
There are those who predict that terrorism with its violent gang activity may be the tangible threat to societal safety. In looking at crime victims in the early years of the twenty-first century, Karmen indicates that a number of existing developments are going to increase the varied courses of action and options facing today’s victims. Professional advocates on behalf of the victims will be present more so in the twenty-first century than ever before, as well as private prosecutors who may become a necessity if public prosecutors do not do their job. There will also need to be victim offender reconciliation programs to handle the many cases of victims.
By projecting emerging social trends, “it becomes possible to paint plausible scenarios about likely developments over the next several decades. ” The question posed is whether crime victims in the twenty-first century will be more favorable by officials than in previous years. Review the role of the media as it impacts the perception of crime and criminality by the public. The question posed is whether or not the public’s views are distorted by what is printed in the newspapers as well as what is viewed on television.
According to Jerin and Fields, the reporting of news events across this country follows previous patterns that are found in regional newspapers as well as other reporting sources. The reporting of crime may not be based on actual crime statistics. The media tend to over sensationalize cases out of proportion to reality, which translates into the over reporting of crime news, particularly in the low-crime-rate states. There needs to be a conscious decision by the public to inform the public in a format that presents the truth, thereby reporting the news as it truly is, not as it makes the headlines.
Furthermore, programs must be implemented in order to give society the capability to plan, implement, and evaluate crime prevention and criminal justice CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS 7 projects to sustain national developments and enhance justice in furtherance of gaining human rights without the possibility of putting our own lives in jeopardy. Efficiency, fairness, and improvement in the management and the administration of criminal justice and related systems must be the theme for this millennium. Reference MURASKIN, R. , & ROBERTS, A. (2009). THE FUTURE OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM . : PEARSON EDUCATION.