The Criminal Justice System has many roles and responsibilities on a daily basis, whether it is the police officer protecting our streets or an attorney defending those who commit the crimes, or even all the way up to an F. B. I agent. The System has three component subsystems: Police, courts, and corrections. Each subsystem contains a number of functional area (Stevens). These all tie together in the end and the whole system has to work together.
The Oxford Dictionary defines Criminal Justice System as “The system of law enforcement that is directly involved in apprehending, prosecuting, defending, sentencing and punishing those who are suspected or convicted of criminal offenses” (Oxford). This means it is a process; if we didn’t have the police officer to make an arrest then courts would have no trails and so on. There are three major subsystems in the Criminal Justice System. First, it begins with the police officer; he or she is the one responsible for the initial arrest upon a person who is committing a crime.
They have a lot of duties weighing on their shoulders. For example the officer has to take precautions every second, even if it is just a simple traffic stop. They never know what to expect but are trained to handle difficult situations if it occurs. They risk their lives on a daily basis; in every community in the United States, the law enforcement personnel and firefighter’s regularly put their lives in harm’s way to protect the public. The risk of a fatal incident for law enforcement personnel and firefighters is three times greater than for all workers (U. S. Bureau).
During 1922-97, over 1,100 law enforcement personnel were killed in the line of duty, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). In 1966 the U. S. Supreme Court declared that whenever a person is taken into police custody, before being questioned he or she must be told of the Fifth Amendment. The words an officer must say are: “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to an attorney. If you can not afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you. ” These words are essential.
If an officer fails to read these rights to each and every person the case is cold and the suspect can walk away free of no charge. These words are so important that even if the suspect admits to committing the crime and the officer forgets to read him his rights, nothing can be charged against the offender. The Miranda Rights came about by Ernesto Miranda when he was charges with rape, kidnapping, and robbery without being informed of his rights. An officer has other worries including remembering his lines. Each and every law enforcement officer has to be aware of their surroundings because collecting evidence is a very crucial procedure.
The more evidence collected the faster the arrest process will go. If not a sufficient amount of evidence is collected then an extensive investigation must be conducted, which involves warrants to be issued, and that process has the chance of being lengthy (Cornell). From the police officer it goes to the attorney’s office or the courts; they are accountable for presenting the state’s case against the defendant. Most people do not realize they need a defense attorney until such times as the arrest. The main role of an attorney is the prosecution. The judge is the one who ensures the justice.
The definition the legal dictionary gave prosecution in criminal law is, the government attorneys charging and trying the case against a person accused of a crime. The prosecution takes evidence from law enforcement, charge it and the evidence is presented in the court room. This is why evidence collecting is so important. The Attorney is even relying on the information gathered in the beginning so charges can be made against the offender. The Attorney also deals with roles such as education, for both the public and law enforcement agencies, to try and educate them and give them advice on how to reduce the crime rate.
They have training sessions for agencies to teach teamwork and combat. Legal advice and legislation are a few more duties the Attorney has. Lastly, the corrections system involves probation, prison or jails and parole (Schmalleger). The roles of a corrections officer are to be a supervisor for the inmates, even down to sanitation and clothing. The inmates are in there for a reason and it is corrections officers’ job to supervise and guide the inmates in the right direction. Just like a law enforcement officer they have to be aware of what each inmate is doing every day.
They make frequent patrols to scan the area. They could run into contraband, inmate restraint or even suicides. They have to keep their eyes open at all times, watching inside, outside and the cameras for any possible hazards. Because of the high risk of injury and need to physically restrain inmates, corrections officers must be in excellent overall condition. Routine tests assess eyesight, hearing and reading skills. Due to the stressful nature of the job, facilities also test mental health and run background checks.
Applicant are expected to demonstrate good judgment and the ability to make decisions quickly( Education). These officers deal with inmates that are very dangerous and officers have a special kind of patients they have to obtain to perform an adequate job as a corrections officer. It starts on the streets a crime is committed and a police officer is forced to jump in, the person is taken into custody and then is assigned a court date where the attorney steps in, after that the violator if charges guilty is now under the supervision of a corrections officer inside a jail that he or she is assigned to.
These men and women even though two totally different job descriptions, all work together every day. Their main job is not to stop crime, but to rapidly reduce it. Each of these criminal justice professions provides an essential yet unique service to the public. They try to protect each citizen and ensure safety to us each and every day. There will always be a need for law enforcement agencies. Works Cited “Oxford Dictionaries Online. ” Oxford Dictonaries Online. N. p. ,n. d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013. “Stevens D. Breifing for Processing of Criminal Case Through The Federal Justice System.
” N. p. ,n. d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013. “U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. ” U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. N. d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013. “Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. ” U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, n. d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013. “Schmalleger, Frank. Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the Twenty-first Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1997. Print. “Education Portal. Requirements to be a corrections officer. ” N. p. ,n. d. Web 25 Mar. 2013. http://educationportal. com/requirementstobeacorrectionsofficer. html.