The criminal justice policy in the United States had drawn a lot from the 1967 President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice . A report had been issued under the caption “The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society”. Over two hundred recommendations were made under this report as to how to prevent and challenge crime. Some of these were accepted in the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Street Act 1968. The Commission encouraged a ‘system’ approach to criminal justice along with better co-ordination amongst the courts and correctional agencies.
The criminal law, of the government, prosecutes the person accused of having committed an act that has been classified as a ‘crime’. Four theories have been classified for criminal justice. They are deterrence, punishment, rehabilitation and incapacitation. It is under common belief that by imposition of various sanctions in lieu of the crime, a society can achieve justice and social order. Criminal law is divided into two fields.
One of them is the procedure for regulating and addressing punishments for the violation of criminal law. The other one is the substantive criminal law details which include the definition and punishments for various crimes. There have been found to be a number of flaws, conflicts and role imbalances in the US criminal system. In order to reform the US system the US Criminal System, the Open Society Institute declared eighteen outstanding lawyers, scholars, advocates, and journalists to be 2008’s Soros Justice Fellows .
It is said that they shall receive a considerable amount for their work in the reform of the US Judicial System. References • Criminal Justice definition http://www. thefreedictionary. com/criminal+justice • President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice http://www. britannica. com/eb/topic-1322853/Presidents-Commission-on-Law-Enforcement-and-Administration-of-Justice • Soros Justice Fellowships http://www. soros. org/initiatives/justice/focus_areas/justice_fellows .