As a status offender, the laws of the juvenile justice system have the authority to issue warning, citations, and referrals to the offender. These status offenses are considered as driving factors for them to grow as adult criminals. In order to discipline the juvenile offender, “community-based treatment programs and prohibiting incarceration [have] been the known practice. Arrests can occur but long-term incarceration is not practiced. In certain cases, detention is needed for further processing” (Calderon, 2006).
Another difference of the juvenile justice system and the adult criminal justice system lies on the role of the law enforcement officials. For the adult justice system, the arrest and investigation process are prioritized. However, for the juvenile justice process, the law enforcers are the ones who govern the youth offenders as they perform social service duties. This paves the way for the great change in the lives of the young criminals. There is also a difference in the arrest process.
Compared to the juvenile justice system, the adult criminal justice system is more serious and aggressive (Juszkiewicz, 2006). The focus is not only how Juvenile Justice System differs form that of the Adult offenders studies shows that racism against blacks and Latinos in the juvenile justice system are really rampant. Minority youth are more likely to be arrested than white youths. They suffer more and are easily convicted and incarcerated. Treatment of Youth offenders also varies when it comes to race and region.
There are instances that White teens are considered to be troubled and youth who is just mis leaded by parents. They are the ones who need most of help from guardians. On the other hand black teens are often viewed and tagged as thugs who should be thrown in jail. This is really an unfair judgment that sets the boundary between black and white teens. There should be no discrimination as to whether the offender is black or white. Both should be punished accordingly. The juvenile court hearing is more private than the adult hearing, so as not to make it traumatizing for the young offender.
After all, the main goal of juvenile justice system is not to condemn the youth but to discipline and rehabilitate them. Social workers or juvenile justice officers are responsible in giving detention to the offenders and put them in certain institutions and rehabilitations that will help them enhance their way of livings. They are also encouraged to continue their studies and are educated about the moral behavior to be observed. This should apply to all youth who goes against the law and minorities should be given fair and equal treatment.
Age of Enlightenment. (2006). WNEC Faculty Homepages. Retrieved February 11, 2008 from: http://mars. wnec. edu/~grempel/courses/wc2/lectures/enlightenment. html Calderon, M. (2006). A reflective comparison of the juvenile criminal justice system v. the adult criminal justice system. Retrieved February 11, 2008 from: http://www. anairhoads. org/calderon/juvadult. shtml Juszkiewicz, J. (2006). Youth crime/adult time: is justice served? Building Blocks of Youth. Retrieved February 11, 2008 from: http://www. buildingblocksforyouth. org/ycat/ycat. html