Criminal justice is the structure that the government applies during social control, law imposition and justice administration. This process embraces all the steps and traditions of justice administration, streaming from the discovery of delinquents to their probation or confinement. It includes the apprehension of suspects by law enforcers; charging and prosecution of the alleged lawbreakers; court arraignments and convictions; preparation for communal penalties; as well as the psychoanalysis and reincorporation of reprobates into the society. Effective comprehension of this process enables the parties involved to attest justice.
The Course of Administration of Justice in the Criminal Justice System Entry into the System According to Neil (2007), cases often gets into the adult justice system when law enforcers receive a statement from casualties, witnesses, communal movements or even from the law enforcers themselves. Afterwards, law enforcers scrutinize the felony so as to collect enough evidence that validate the suspect’s apprehension. After gathering enough evidence, the responsible officers are free to pursue, and detain the alleged offender, before arraigning him or her in a court of law at predetermined date.
However, this decree will consider the enormity of the offence among other factors. The suspect has the right to decline the charges either in person or via attorney, and in case the adjudicator perceives the claimants evidence as inadequate, the case might consequently be dropped as noted by Bryan & Paul (2002). Prosecution and Pretrial Following police investigation, the prosecutor decides whether the information provided by the law enforcers certifies the arraignment of the accused in court (Bryan & Paul, 2002). Afterwards, the accused attends a ourt session to be conversant with his or her legal entitlements as well as accusations. In case the accused is incapable of hiring a personal advocate, the justice system may assign an attorney to represent him or her. The arbitrator also confirms the credibility of the charges otherwise the suspect will be discharged. In the event that the accused appeal for bail, he or she might present cash or a valuable asset to the court as a guarantee for court appearance. However, the court must also retain detailed personal information of the suspect before either consenting or dismissing the bail request (Neil, 2007).
As reported by Neil (2007), in most states, a suspect can be arraigned before a grand jury, which deliberates on the authenticity of the presented evidence to implicate the accused. In case the grand jury concur that there is ample proof, then it must presents a report to the court. Subsequently, the suspect will be tried in a court of law where he or she narrates to the court his side of the story as noted by Bryan & Paul (2002). In case the accused pleads guilty, a verdict will be released, otherwise a prospective date will be set for a hearing in case the accused insist on his or her innocence.
Trial Process Hearing of cases in a criminal court is done before a solitary judge or a jury depending on how solemn the charges are among other reasons (Bryan & Paul, 2002). Throughout the trial, both the defense and the prosecutor will be allowed to present opposing evidences as well as witnesses. After a discreet examination of the presented evidence, the jury will make a final decision on whether to sentence the accused or dismiss the case. Post-Trial According to Bryan & Paul (2002), casualties are permitted to present to the judge a victim impact assertion that describes the manner in which the crime has influenced their lives.
This assertion assists the judge when issuing a penalty in a particular case. With reference to the victim impact assertion, the judge may order for a reinstitution, probation or for the offender to be taken to a penitentiary. In case the accused is not contented with the court’s ruling, he or she may appeal for a fresh trial or a reversal of the verdict (Neil, 2007). Reprobates who undergo probation are normally under close scrutiny and in case they infringe the initial rehabilitation terms, they might be placed under harsh conditions including imprisonment.
Conclusion A detailed understanding of the criminal court justice process is critical to ensure that justice is administered with a lot of transparency. Although this expedition may prove to be hectic for those who are not familiar with the justice system, they have to seek information to be conversant with upcoming court procedures. Furthermore, given that some cases in the adult justice system do not adhere to this due course, the government ought to enlighten the general public on the justice system as well as to ensure transparency in courts.