Criminal Justice Organizations Multiple Choice Questions

1) Explain how neuroscience is having an impact on the legal system Neuroscience has a critical impact on the modern legal system which has caught the attention of legal and regulatory compliance experts. If attention is given to the fact that neuroscience indicates that our choices are sometimes based upon electrical impulses and neuron activity that are not part of conscious behavior, then it would certainly impact not just criminal guilt, but also decisions made by police, prosecutors, or jurors to arrest, prosecute, or convict.

As science and technology is accelerating at a rapid pace, it is important that the legal system too must keep pace with changes in order to hasten the manner of meting justice. There should be co-ordinated body of network that can develop guidelines for the legal profession on subjects such as the determination of competency and culpability and treatment for psychopaths or persons determined to be criminally insane. It is also a matter of priority to develop a primer for judges and lawyers that would give a quick reference to neuroscience subjects that might arise in court proceedings e.g. , in cases of addiction, impulsivity, lies, memory, prejudice, psychopathy, and the use and limits of different kinds of brain scans.

2) What is `situational leadership` and why is it an important leadership style The Situational Leadership Model was pioneered by Ken Blanchard and Paul Hersey. It is probably the most used formal model of leadership today. The main aspect of the model is that effective leadership requires leadership and flexibility, since different situations require different leadership approaches and tactics.

The Blanchard & Hersey situational leadership model is very helpful to managers in diagnosing the demands of their situation, has been developed as a result of extensive research. Situational Leadership® model is based on a relationship to the extent of: – Direction (task behavior) a leader gives – Socio-emotional support (relationship behavior) a leader provides – Level of readiness that followers exhibit on a specific task, function, activity, or objective that the leader is attempting to accomplish through the individual or group According to the model of situational leadership, as the level of readiness of the follower continues to improve in terms of accomplishing a specific task, the leader should begin to reduce task behavior and increase relationship behavior.

This should be the case until the individual or group reaches a moderate level of readiness. As the follower begins to move to an above average level of readiness, it becomes appropriate for the leader to decrease not only task behavior but relationship behavior as well. Now the follower is not only ready in terms of the performance of the task but also is confident and committed.

People at this level of readiness see a reduction of close supervision and an increase in delegation by the leader as a positive indication of trust and confidence. 3) What does LODESTAR mean; what does the mnemonic stand for and why is it important? A lodestar is a bright and easily found guiding star that is used to find direction, particularly with reference to Polaris (also known as North Star- which stands almost motionless on the sky, and all the stars of the Northern sky appear to rotate around it.

Hence, it makes an excellent fixed point from which to draw measurements for navigation and astrometry) 4) What is the Balanced Scorecard and how can it be useful to an administrator? Can-quality-be-quantified? The balanced scorecard is a strategic planning and management system that is widely used in business and industry, government, and nonprofit organizations worldwide to align business activities to the vision and strategy of the organization, improve internal and external communications, and monitor organization performance against strategic goals.

5) What is a Strategy Map? Provide an example A strategy map is a model of perspectives and a visual map that helps to improve the effect of the balance scorecard rather than a mechanism of operational detail. Strategy maps provide a structured description of the strategy and what drives performance. Strategy maps contain objectives, which are developed before measures are chosen. From the cause and effect model of objectives one can choose the most appropriate measures and targets. 6) Who were Orlando W.

Wilson, Mary Parker Follett and Henri Fayol and what contributions did they make to the understanding and administration-of-criminal-justice-organizations? Orlando Wilson : Orlando W. Wilson (1900-1972) is regarded as one of the most significant police reformers of the century, and it is no coincidence that he was a protege of August Vollmer. Mary Parker: Mary Parker Follett (3 September 1868 – 18 December 1933) was an American social worker, management consultant and pioneer in the fields of Organizational theory and behavior.

Henri Fayol: Henri Fayol (Istanbul, 29 July 1841 –Paris, 19 Nov 1925) was a Fench Mining emgineer, director of mines and management theorist, who developed independent of the ‘scientific management’ a general theory of business management, also known as Fayolism . He was one of the most influential contributors to modern concepts of management . 7) What is the logic of alignment and how can it be useful to a criminal justice administrator?

In the Balance Scorecard, the strategic business objectives form a link with various measurement of actions undertaken to accomplish those objectives- this is known as logic of alignment. 8) What are the most important characteristics of an effective leader? These six characteristics define a good leader: Integrity and authenticity Sense of humor Concern for others and their well- being Positive thinking Instinctive sense of celebration Knowledge of the importance of Principles versus rules 9) What are the characteristics of a high-performance organization?

Work Clarity Everyone understands why the organization exists and what’s important Capability Assessment Understanding our ability to get work done. This includes people, technology, and other resources Goals for Success Growing in quality and customer service Creative Recognition Expanding the ways to recognize and reward high performing employees Continuous Learning Maintaining a learning environment to achieve changing, evolving goals. Team Readiness.

When the organization uses teams, it prepares team members for success and brings solutions to current issues of the organization Individual Readiness Creating the environment that encourages self-directed growth 10) What is a Gantt chart and how can it be useful to an administrator of a criminal justice organization A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule. Gantt charts illustrate the start and finish dates of the training elements and summary elements of a project. REFERENCES http://pn. psychiatryonline. org/cgi/content/full/42/21/11 http://leadershipchamps. wordpress. com/2008/02/27/what-is-situational-leadership-means/