Criminal Justice Ethics

The mission of the Unites States police has been the enforcement of law as obligated by the United States constitution. Following the remarkable attack from the terrorists in September 2001, it gave the United States police a wake up to forecast on the possible attacks that may fall the country in the future. Therefore, the mission for the police also extended to the protecting of the country against the terrorists.

The war of the police against terrorism involve the doing of various investigations that pertains to protecting the country against terrorist and also save guarding the entry points into the United states with aim of scrutinizing the persons who enter into the United States. This mission of police fighting against terrorism has been enhanced by providing training to the police force. The mission for fighting against terrorism involve the control of illegal border crossing, identification of forged documents and also the establishment of detectives.

There is a disagreement regarding the law enforcement behavior that is practiced by the United States police regarding the enforcement of law related to terrorism crimes . This follows from the tactics that are used in the enforcement of law with regard to the fight against terrorism. Some of the tacts that are used, and more especially in the US prison in Guatemala are coercive and undermining. The prisoners are treated in an inhuman manner that undermines their freedom.

The prisoners, and more especially the ones who have committed crime or suspected of crimes relating to terrorism are harshly treated, which in turn denies them their freedom of expression, that is, they are likely to agree on crimes that were never committed. The other disagreement that exist with regard to the enforcement of law is about the time taken before the suspect is put into trial. The suspects are normally kept for long before they are put into trial in determining on whether they are guilty or not. The long time lag before put into trial undermines one's freedom.

Therefore, the main disagreement is based in the tactics that re used in the enforcement law, that is, the tactics that undermines the rights of the suspects. Question Two: The impact of social stigma in police ethics and its role especially in furthering corruption. Social stigma play some role in determining the police ethics. This follows from the reason that the Police personnels are members of the society, therefore, they will be having some special attachments on how some events that could have to be done according to their conscience.

This involves the identification of oneself with some groups in society, that include race <http://www. theiacp. org/profassist/ethics/in_service_training. htm>. Therefore, they are likely to be less strict in the enforcement of law when they are dealing with persons of their race . This situation follows from the way in which the other officers are treating the persons who belong to some officer's race. For example, if the suspects of some officer's race are treated unfairly then the officer is certain to treat the suspects from the other race in the same manner like the one that was used by the officers from the other race.

That is, it is somehow revengeful. This situation paves an attitude of the officers becoming less strict to suspects from their race. The social stigma that exists among the police officers can be perceived as being a reflective on stigma that exists in the society in which they belong. Question Three: The ethical forces that lead to police corruption are the similar issues that lead to police abuses of force. The ethical forces that cause police corruption can be perceived as being similar to the ones that cause the force abuse by the police.

The ethical issues that lead to police corruption involve the factors that motivate the police officers to be biased in the execution of their duties with regard to the enforcement of law. For instant, the identifying of one's self to some group group in society that do not share much with other groups in society may make the police officer to apply law enforcement unfairly, thus implying corruption. That is, he or she is likely to favour persons belonging to his or her group in society at the expense of the other members from the other groups.

This may involve activities like not taking legal actions to law breakers who belong to some group in society, hence police corruption (Caplain, 2006). The police corruption that is caused by social stigma imply police abuses of force because the force in which they are entrusted with is not used appropriately in ensuring effective law enforcement. Therefore, the ethical issues that lead to police corruption can be perceived as being the ones that are responsible for the police abuse of power.

The personal interests that pose ethical issues, that is, doing some activities to either gain materially or get some favour also promote corruption within the police force. The personal interests that encourage corruption can also be perceived as being potential to cause the police abuse of force. Question Four: Individual conscience, police assignments and how offering of training the police force would prepare the police officers for the ethical dilemmas that they will face while practicing Individual conscience implies the ability for one to distinguish between what is right or wrong.

It is likely to vary from one individual to the other, meaning that, an action that is perceived as being wrong by one individual is certain to be perceived as being right by the other person (Stephenson, 2003). The social construct over which the persons categorize actions as being right or wrong is heavily depended on the person's past experience and the environment in which he or she resides. For instant, in the police officers executing their roles in the enforcement of law, there are a number of actions that they my engage in, like being corrupt either for material gain or to attain some favour.

This can be perceived as being wrong by other officers according to their conscience. The other officers who are self centered can perceive the action as being right because it is to their advantage. Following the nature of Individual conscience, it poses a challenge among the police officers because they are likely to be faced with ethical dilemmas in determining on whether an action is right or wrong. This follows from th reason that the actions that are perceived as being right are likely to be perceived by others as being wrong.

This can also even pose a challenge on the responsibilities that are entrusted to the police, that is, some of the activities that are within their responsibilities can be regarded as being unethical following the dictates of their respective conscience, that is likely to cause under performance. In ensuring effective performance of the police officers, training is required. The training will instill some skills or alter the conscience of the police officers in them regarding some action as being right or wrong.

This will create efficiency and uniformity in the enforcement of law within the country following the standardized training that is offered to the officers. The training should be mainly aimed at changing the police officers individual conscience in evaluating actions as either being right or wrong. The need for training arises from the reason that the police officers are likely to have different ethical orientations, that is, they have varied experiences and have been living in varied environments before joining the police force.

The differences in experience and environment poses a risk of the police not making the same judgements on doing some actions. That is, they are likely to conflict on the execution of some roles that are entrusted to them. The training will enable the police officers to get oriented to work ethics that is meant to ensure effective law enforcement. Their varied individual conscience will be oriented to the expectations of the work, thus they are likely to change their conscience on how they made judgments on some actions to a more standardized manner as provided in the training.

Therefore, the training of police is significant in improving their performance in executing the roles entrusted to them. Reference Caplain G. , 2006, ABSCAM Ethics: Mora; Issues and Deception in Law Enforcement, University of Michigan, pp21 International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), 2008, Ethics Toolkit, COPS, Retrieved on 5th July 2008 from: <http://www. theiacp. org/profassist/ethics/in_service_training. htm> Stephenson K. , 2003, The Development of conscience: International Library of Sociology, Routledge, pp1