Rehabilitation is designed to provide some type of treatment for conditions in an offender that may lead him/her to commit crime (DeRosa, 1998). ‘Rehabilitation oriented Programs’ for instance education, ‘cognitive-skills’, ‘life-skills’ and ‘employment services’ are aimed on altering lawbreaker to avoid ‘future-criminal behavior’ of the ‘treated-individual’ (McKenzie, 2006).
According to McKenzie, ‘community-control’ or ‘surveillance and supervision’ of the lawbreakers at the society is an effort in minimizing the ‘delinquent’ or criminal’s capability for ‘criminal activities’. Discipline, ‘structure’, and programs utilize mentally or physically ‘stressful-experiences’ intended to shift lawbreakers in ‘positive ways’ (rehabilitation) (McKenzie, 2006).
If I am a member of the board given the task of reviewing and sentencing practices for my local court, I would suggest and recommend that the type of punishment that should be practiced is through the use of “rehabilitation’” because through this, people can be punish according to the given circumstances why they commit the crime. Through this type of punishment, offenders can be helped to become a better citizen and not to commit crimes again in the future. It should be implemented in the way that for example young offenders can be thought positively to change.
Rehabilitation is acceptable to young offenders because many experts believe that youths can be reclaimed from the effects of their limited life experiences; thus innovative programs and therapies are designed to help in the recovery of juvenile delinquents while they are susceptible to positive treatments (Martin, 2005). For me the goal that has no place in court system is the “retribution” because this goal doesn’t take into consideration the reasons why persons commit crimes and what are the hidden factors that to be taken into consideration.
Offenders should not be punished alike since every offender has their own reasons of committing such acts. This argument may not be valid for all crimes, however, if a rapist is inadequately punished, then the victims friends, family, and other members of the community may tempted to exact their own retribution; but what about the young adult smoking marijuana (Cole, 2004). This would be unfair with the young offenders because they don’t know well the repercussions that would result to them if they committed such act.
Everyone should be punished with their crimes but certain aspects or factors should first be considered especially the young offenders because it may not be fair to punish them equivalently to adult offenders.
Cole, G. F. , & Smith, C. E. (2004). Criminal Justice in America. New York: Thomson Wadsworth. DeRosia, V. R. (1998). Living Inside Prison Walls: Adjustment Behavior. New York: Greenwood Publishing. Martin, G. (2005). Juvenile Justice: Process and Systems. New York: SAGE. McKenzie, D. L. (2006). What Works in Corrections: Reducing the Criminal Activities. New York: Cambridge University Press.