Law enforcement is one of the three fields of criminal justice which is besieged by various forms of challenges. In particular, this paper looks into the issues concerning the position of a law enforcement administrator. This will be done taking into consideration the current and modern setting of American police force. This paper identifies two specific challenges in today’s performance of the functional role of a police manager with an ultimate goal to realize that beyond such demands, the position remains to be a satisfying executive profession.
Challenges and Satisfactions of Police Administrator In today’s modern and demanding world, the criminal justice system by itself is faced and subjected with indisputable issues and predicaments. The significance, however, of such concerns lies on the reality that despite the difficulty of the principles and practices of the structure of criminal justice, the functional roles within its three areas provide satisfaction among administrators.
In fact, it is the fulfillment resulting from a criminal justice manager’s task which makes challenges seem workable. To apply such principle, it is empirically notable to specifically consider the functional role of a law enforcement administrator. By nature, a police manager’s job is characterized by risks, pressure and most relevantly, it requires rational, satisfactory and effective administration. In doing so and carrying out the position, however, a police administrator is faced with various manifestations of job-related demands or concerns.
It is in the said situation that a criminal justice administrator is expected to possess the required managerial skills and competencies to be able to address and eventually resolve the said challenges. This is because it is in the successful resolution of the issues concerning the administration of the law enforcement position that satisfaction is achieved. Challenges definitely go along with the functional role of a law enforcement administrator.
Foremost such apparent concerns, the advancement of the contemporary society creates more demands to the said position. This is particularly due to the fact that the requirements of a modern community can make a police manager powerless and incapable to perform the said kind of criminal justice position. Russell, Conser, Gingerich and Paynich (2005) specifically identified that modern challenges involve the dangers and problems brought about by the strengthening and boldness of various acts of violence perpetrated by international terrorist groups.
They stated that both foreign and local terrorisms now comprise the major concerns of a police administrator. Such issue besetting a police executive is an aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in a country perceived to be as the most powerful worldwide. With its implications, however, the law enforcement sector particularly its administrator is now more burdened to ensure peace and order in every community (Russell, Conser, Gingerich & Paynich, 2005).
Since American societies are regarded nowadays as more susceptible to possible similar terrorist attacks, it is implied and expected from a police manager to meet the challenge of providing a system of preparedness. Thereafter, a law enforcement executive is likewise demanded to effectively carry out such preparedness program. This requires the administrator to prepare first his or her police team and make it capable to address and eventually resolve the problems arising from such condition (Russell, Conser, Gingerich & Paynich, 2005).
The said situation was corroborated by Schulte (1996) who affirmed that because of the modern nature of the position of a police manager which gears toward being a service provider, he or she is now challenged to function not only as enforcer of law but also provider of security in a friendly way (Schulte, 1996). In doing so, issues such as the change of the administration system and process are necessary. This is because whatever modification in the functional role of a police manager, it is expected that the overall law enforcement organizational framework is also changed (Schulte, 1996).
Due to the terrorism-related challenges, a police administrator is now more demanded to carry out the position’s task of internally managing the police force while at the same time ensures the preparedness and protection of the society. Hence, Schulte said that it is important and helpful for the police manager to possess the established and expected qualifications to perform the function. This is because at the end of the day and when all things are done accordingly, the police executive ultimately attains fulfillment in a job well done (Schulte, 1996).
Another significant challenge of the modern world is evidently the advancement of technologies and methodologies that are essential in doing the job of a police manager. According to Schwabe and company (2001), putting the police force in the street is not only the solution which an administrator can do to ensure the performance of the job which is to make people safe. This is because today’s occurrences call for the utilization of advance crime-fighting technologies to attain the goal of battling criminals’ misdeeds (Schwabe and company (2001).
Relatively, Schulte added that such challenge of adaptability to high-tech police tools includes the administrator’s competency in information and communication technology. This is because it is a vital component of the manager’s post to learn and subsequently be efficient with technological advancement. In meeting this kind of demand, the law enforcement administrator becomes not only equipped with the modern technology but likewise carries out the job more efficiently (Schulte, 1996).
The said challenges are but only two of the overall issues facing the position of a police administrator. This is because beyond the demands made by intensified terrorist activities and advanced crime-fighting technologies, a police manager is still left with the existing requirements and obligations of the job. Aside from exerting efforts in resolving the issues concerning terrorism and technology, a police administrator still has to manage and maintain an effective and dependable police force.
Due to the escalating complexity and widening scope of the position, it is necessary for a police executive to uphold standard professional abilities when relating to the police team and the society in general. Lastly, it is the fulfillment derived from the said challenges which enables a law enforcement administrator to successfully perform the role. The underlying principle beyond such issues is the opportunity for a police manager to get the trust and respect of the whole police force and the community where the organization belongs. References Russell, G. D. , Conser, J.
A. , Gingerich, T. & Paynich, R. (2005). Law Enforcement in the United States. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Schulte, R. (1996). Which Challenges will Police Managers Have to Meet in the Future. In Pagon, M. (Ed. ), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Comparing Firsthand Knowledge with Experience from the West. Slovenia: College of Police and Security Studies. Schwabe, W. , Davis, L. M. , Jackson, B. A. (2001). Challenges and Choices for Crime-fighting Technology: Federal Support of State and Local Law Enforcement. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.