The components of the criminal justice system are: law enforcement (police, sheriffs, cops), courts, and corrections( jail, prison). Law enforcement is any system that has members of society acting in an organized manner to make sure the law is being obeyed, by finding and punishing the people who disobey the rules that govern society(Wikipedia). The courts provide a place for presenting complaints of criminal or civil nature for the purpose of coming to a conclusion on the complaints given.
Also the courts guarantee the rules and laws pertaining to those complaints are followed. Corrections are prisons and jails; they are facilities operated by many different levels of government for the keeping of accused criminals sentenced by the courts and individuals accused of crimes but not yet convicted. The components of the criminal justice process are: Intake, 1st appearance, bail, right to counsel, substance abuse evaluations, pre-indictment events, plea bargains, P. T.
I (pretrial intervention program, the grand jury, the indictment process, the pre-arraignment conference and arraignment, the status and pretrial conferences, trials, presentence investigations and reports/sentencing, post-conviction motions, and the “TEAM” concept in criminal case processing. (judiciary. state) Intake is when an individual is arrested due to a crime being committed, it can also occur when a warrant is issued or the scene of a crime. 1st appearance is when the individual is required to appear in court, the individual is advised or their rights and bail is reviewed. Bail is security that the individual will appear in court on date they are due, if they do not appear in court a warrant will be issued and money will not be refunded.
Right to counsel is when the individual has a right to have an attorney to represent them and answer their charges. Substance abuse evaluations are performed by substance abuse evaluators to find out the severity of the individuals involvement with addictive drugs. Pre-indictment events are when prosecutors decide if a complaint has enough evidence for them to pursue it further.
Plea bargains are when terms are negotiated so the individual can give a guilty plea for reduced time. PTI is when the individual applies for a pre-trial intervention and can live in a supervised living community instead of jail time. The grand jury is a group of citizens selected from registered voters, driver license, and tax list. The indictment process is when the grand jury decides if the person is guilty or not and what is the degree of the individuals crime. The pre-arraignment conference and arraignment is when new evidence is given for evaluation and the individual is given the opportunity to plead guilty or agree to plea bargain.
The status and pretrial conferences is when an individual who has not plead guilty prepares for trial and there is a plea cutoff date. Trials are when a individual are found guilty or not guilty. Presentence investigations and reports/sentencing is when the judge weighs the circumstances of a crime and the background of the individual. Post-conviction motions are when the individual that was Criminal Justice Paper 3 Criminal Justice Paper convicted can appeal or file motions on their case. The “TEAM” concept in criminal case processing is a group of people that are the judges assistants.
The structure of the government relates to the criminal justice system by it having the first hand influence on things that happen in the criminal justice system. Also our government has one leader a president and in prisons the same is applied with a warden, of course there are other people that contribute like vice presidents, correctional officers, and etc. Criminal Justice Paper 4 References judiciary. state. (). Retrieved from http://www. judiciary. state. nj. us/criminal/crproc. htm Wikipedia. (). Retrieved from http://www. Wikipedia. com/criminaljustice.