In the world where people live, there are so many factors that influence people’s way of life. Diseases, poverty, underdevelopment of a country and natural disasters are some of the examples that affect the normal life that people may want to live. Apart from these factors, there are crimes and injustices done to the same people living in the world. What is just is allowed but what is considered as unjust according to the law is not allowed either to be done or to happen. Social researchers investigate so many factors that influence the life of the people due to injustices.
These may be for example, conducting a research to find how the police deal with domestic violence cases. With this role in research, the social researchers need to develop the frames of reference to approach a problem. The frames of reference can be based on the previous studies about the same problem or just new ones based on the observation of the researcher (Copley 24), for example an investigator or a researcher can formulate the frames of references about a problem of study ‘ what the public thinks about the new charges on rapists’.
Frames of references are influenced by so many factors like the values of the society to which the research will be conducted, the researcher’s values and even someones belief system among others that have been mentioned. A researcher’s values determine the kind of frames of references to be formulated based on what he/she considers to be right according to the law, or just morally and ethically right. Values are what feelings or moral considerations a researcher has regarding issues in a society or what can be considered as a problem (Copley 24).
What values a researcher has, influences the kind of frames of references that a researcher will use to approach a research problem. In criminal justice, there are so many challenges, a researcher can have principles of doing the right thing according to the law or specific values on what he/she considers to be justice. When investigating an issue, a researcher therefore selects a framework of reference according to what he/she believes is right.
A researcher would select frames of reference that when practically applied, can produce reliable results based on what he considers to be right (Maxfield and Babbie 52). The society has values too to be considered. The cultures in a society determine the type of frames of reference a researcher uses to approach a problem. A researcher cannot select frames of references that go against the values of society in which the research is being conducted.
For example the culture of the society that people should not do anything for free, is a researcher approaches a problem and would want volunteers, then there is no way the research would be allowed to be conducted (Maxfield and Babbie 52). Society value is of importance since investigating problems require collection of information from the people within that society and the people may fail to respond appropriately. When selecting frames of references for a study, then the society’s beliefs, culture, ethics and other important values must be considered (Copley 24).
Conclusion Frames of reference determine the next judicial processes like the design of the study, methods of collecting information, analysis and in the long run affects the results of the study. What is not considered right in the society, what is considered important and what is regarded as bad affect the frames of references since frames of reference determine how information and other research processes will be conducted and all these depend on the society from which the information will be collected and research done.
The society values should therefore be considered since they will affect the results.
Copley, W. “Criminal Justice Research Methods”Grantham University, Kansas City USA: Grantham Education Corporation, 2006. 23-29. Maxfield, M. G. , Babbie, R. E. “ Ethical Issues and Research”. Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology. USA: Thomson Wadsworth, 2004. 52-53.