Criminal justice organizations can also reduce their cost of operations by teamwork. Team member feels that they have stake in the outcomes, want to make contributions because they are valued, and are committed to their team and do not want to let it down. This tendency ultimately reduces the cost of the operations as there will be fewer scraps and errors. In the criminal justice organization, this want of the police and department helps them to make decision more quickly in an effective manner. According to J. V. Fenner, criminal justice supervision agencies can reduce the rate of sexual offenders by working in a team.
By using this strategy, it would become easy for the agencies to identify the causes behind the sexual offenders and to resolve the problem from the society (Fenner, 2008, pg. 19). Importance of teamwork to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency can be understood with the example of juvenile crime in Queensland. According to the research accomplished by Keith Hamburger, in the period of 1991-92, number of juvenile crime cases was approximately 4000. By establishing effective team working management between the administration of criminal justice system and health and welfare agencies, the number of these kinds of cases can be reduced.
So, we can understand the importance of teamwork in the criminal justice system. Role of Motivation to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency As per the contemporary organizational theory, the structure of Criminal Justice Organization is based on the system approach, system approach of organizational theory include technology, social and power subsystem in the organization and all three subsystems are the important part of the criminal justice organization.
Motivation encompasses a number of complex aspects of human behavior to which contribution has been made by sociologist, social anthropologists, psychologists and the business executives. All the behaviors is in some way are motivated. People have reasons for doing what they do or behaving in the manner that they do. Thus, human behavior is directed towards certain goals and objectives. Such goal directed behaviors revolve around the desire for satisfaction (Cronkhite, 2007, pg. 257).
The ever-increasing external forces of the national and international competition and economic, social, technological and governmental conditions have forced administration of criminal justice organizations to develop and acquire new techniques and mechanism to increase or at least maintain current levels of organizations efficiency and effectiveness. In addition to this, the growing concern for the long term development and growth also necessitated for the emergence of the motivation principles.
The success of criminal justice system to control crime and enforce law in the society is dependent on the work and values of its employees. Desire to work, compliance of orders, interest to work, etc. are influenced by the motivational environment of the organization. In the criminal justice system, motivation can be mused as a technique to minimize the drawbacks of the capacity to work and will to work. In the correction department of the criminal justice organizations, motivation is the most critical issue.
Various theories have been given by the various psychologists. According to the Meslow’s theory, people motivate to fulfill their basic needs, which are food, water, shelter safety, security, self actualization, desire to be loved and higher order needs. Theory X and theory Y given by McGregor is also very helpful to evaluate the motivational aspects and need of motivation to the people. In the criminal justice organizations, motivation can be used as a technique to achieve organizational objective by fulfilling the individual aim (Cronkhite, 2007, pg. 257).