Criminal Justice and Investigation Analysis Paper Example

Crime investigation requires knowledgeable detectives who thoroughly and properly investigate multifaceted cases where evidences are normally difficult to find. Unfortunately, unethical behaviors sometimes arise when either the victims or the investigators themselves do not cooperate during criminal investigation. It is important, therefore, for investigators to ethically and patiently work with the crime victims in order to accomplish a successful investigation. Ethical Consideration when Investigating Rape and Homicide Cases

To date, no other crime is handled more unsuccessfully by the law enforcement investigators than rape (Woman’s Justice Center, 2000). Law enforcement normally justifies their poor record on rape by attacking the victim instead: that the victims have credibility problems; the victims were drinking; the victims would not cooperate; or the victims withdraw the prosecution. Occasionally, investigators may even exploit the excuse that rape is a very easy accusation to make, but very complicated to establish.

As such, these common unethical practices must be ethically considered in order to provide justice to the victim as well as to the society. In contrast, every evidence and information obtained throughout the investigation process of homicide cases must fall into place and not be charged or forced to fit the crime as it happened (Lewis, 2009). Some specific ethical issues that must not arise in a homicide case includes: coercion, striking or beating the suspect in an attempt to obtain confession, as well as intimidating, bribing, or forcing the suspect into admission that is undeserved.

Needless to say, failure to ethically recognize these investigative considerations can have dire consequences on any given homicide case. Reducing Ethical Problems in Investigating Crimes The criminal justice system must do everything it can to put an end to the same unethical circumstances from taking place all over again. In an attempt to bring the perpetrators to justice, it is crucial that every achievable line of enquiry is carefully and impartially exhausted by the investigator, taking into consideration the fundamentally protected rights of the victims.

To achieve this, it is necessary that both investigators and victims must harmoniously cooperate with each other. It is essential, therefore, for the investigating officer to be well skilled and responsive not only in investigation techniques, but as well to the circumstances of the victims; that is, the victims’ immediate needs are handled sensitively and appropriately, as well as see to it that the victims are guaranteed that their legitimate wishes are efficiently pursued.

By doing so, information gathering on the part of the investigators will be uncomplicated, free from coercion and beyond the temptation of obstructing justice. Problems at Trial if Investigator is Unethical It is likely that the best evidence will not be obtained and offered to court if the investigator was unethical in obtaining relevant information during investigation.

Without a doubt, if any part of the homicide investigation is pushed through or rushed without everything being carried out in a professional and thorough manner, the chances of conviction of a wrong suspect or a case may be easily thrown out of court is evidently high. Ethical Issues Directly Related to the Prosecution In several jurisdictions, investigating officers do not send the result of their entire crime investigations to the district attorney; given that they only send those investigations they believe to have an excellent possibility to be accepted for filing.

This is a very unethical practice in view of the fact that it leaves a hole wherein investigating officers can normally dispose of the rape or homicide cases even without the review of the district attorney. Although district attorney review does not assure that criminal cases will be appropriately investigated, yet it is still significant as it does add one more safeguard to the proper prosecution of the case. Conclusion

Before a case can be brought to trial, an enormous amount of work has to be prepared, particularly with the witnesses, evidences, statements, and other items. Unfortunately, investigation process in this country is reactive, decentralized, fragmented, and strongly influenced by local personalities, traditions, and customs. Although there are apparent evidences that some investigating officers in the United States are ethically doing outstanding things, nevertheless, this does not take place at all times. References

Lewis, B. (2009, March 10). Ethical and Legal Preparations That Are Requirements of Successful Prosecutions. Brandy Lewis Forensics. Retrieved March 30, 2009, from http://brandylewisforensics. wordpress. com/apa-style-essays-i-have-written/criminal-investigations-final-project-ethical-and-legal-preparations-that-are-requirements-of-successful-prosecutions/ Woman’s Justice Center. (2000). First Line Criminal Justice Advocacy. Retrieved March 30, 2009, from http://www. justicewomen. com/handbook/part2_d. html