Criminal Justice Essay Best Sample

In early years in America it was found that many law enforcement personnel were using an excessive amount of force during face-to-face contact with the public. Therefore the study was conducted to investigate the amount of force used by the police officers or the so-called law enforcement personnel. This was the first survey conducted on the 1996. The second survey was carried out in 1999 to evaluate the measures put into place to curb the use of force by law enforcement personnel or officers.

Therefore, the findings that were obtained from the two survey were gong to be used in coming up with effective measures to control these issues. These measures basically are geared towards streamlining the use of force by police and look for some possible procedures of correction in criminal justice. The sampling technique as a means of data collection can be said to be effective. This is because out of the total population, individuals from different ethnic groups were picked for interview and even for administering of questionnaire during the study.

Therefore the use of sampling was effective. A good sample must be done in a manner in which all the groups are represented. For example out of 6,421 persons picked for study, we had whites forming the major ethnic group therefore were large in number, followed by blacks, Hispanic and others. The number varied because of the differences in the number of each ethnic group forming part of the study. By sampling the different ethnic groups we could understand the group who are highly victimized when in contact with the police.

The questionnaires are used in study to get information from police and public about the use of force. Questionnaires are effective since some members of the public fear speaking out information when interviewed. Therefore, when given questionnaires they could fill them at their own pace. Questionnaires also provide detailed information that can be stored for future use. (Michael, G, 2007 p. 102). The interviews that were carried out during the study targeted different people from different household.

Once a sample was picked of persons with 12 years old and above, this person was to be interviewed. The national Crime Victimization survey was based on interviews with representative samples of American households. The interview was effective in the sense that each member sampled from a household was to be interviewed seven times during the three-year period of survey to provide accurate information. Because those interviewed had a known probability of selection the information obtained would be useful in estimating the total number of the public with or without contacts with the police.

Those who might have had contacts with police were to be interviewed for long time or would take more time as compared to those who did not have contact with police. The findings on why most of the people were coming into contact with police were that they were seeking for assistance from police; some were victims of crime or witness to a crime. Other reasons could be that these people were trying to assist the police and others just coming into contact during meetings/casual contacts with police.

Ethical issues that were touched during the study were; Male teenagers were highly in contact with police than female counterparts. Whites formed the majority of those who come into contact with police followed by blacks and Hispanics last. Other issues included why some citizens had multiple police contacts. Some of the respondents had repeated contacts with police during 1996 study. The reasons were giving was that they were reporting crime to police, asking police for help or other help to police, and witness to a crime.

Majorities were victims and some felt that they were suspected of being involved in crime. However, the survey question did not specifically ask who initiated the contact: the respondent or police. (Anthony, A, 1993 p. 89) Actions by police during the contacts are other issues to be discussed. These include threats, beating of citizens or victims. The citizens were to be interviewed on the specific type of force applied by police during the contact. No one reported that they had been kicked, hit with a flashlight, attacked by police dog or shot at by a police.

Some citizens were reported to be in contact with police because they were assaulting the police or they feared the presence of police therefore behaving like a criminal suspect. Expected findings for the current research project will be to discuss the issues of police integrity. This is because the use of excessive force by police was not highlighted as a central topic so the current research is geared towards training, selecting, hiring and maintaining professional standards and integrity in the force.

Other measures of correction in criminal justice are also provided in the project. The upcoming study will concentrate on the measures to be taken when any person is victimized. The study should look into possible procedures to reduce the use of excessive force by law enforcement personnel. REFERENCE Anthony, A. (1993). Police use of force; official Reports, Citizen. Complaints, and legal consequences, Washington, D. C. 2 (1): p 8-100. Michael G. Maxfield, Earl R. Bobbie (2007). Research methods for criminal justice and criminology. London, Thomson Publisher