In the justice system, vital processes should be met in order to gather facts and search for truth, and eventually to achieve justice. Interrogation is one stage wherein the probable suspect and other witnesses and victims are questioned or interviewed about matters regarding the event. On the interrogation, the interrogator has the burdensome responsibility of capturing the criminal and freeing the innocent. Hence, at the interrogation stage, an adept interrogator and interviewer must not make any mistakes in pointing the crime to the innocent.
In order to efficiently and effectively discharge an interrogator’s duty, he must have excellent communication skills (Levinson, 2002, p. 723). In drawing the truth from the person being interviewed, there are various hindrances that would lead to failure. The interviewee may hide facts because he finds no confidence and trust to the interrogator. In addition, the important facts may not be well narrated because of various interruptions caused by the interrogator and by things concerning the people and situation involved. Moreover, the interrogation process may not become successful because of physical and emotional interruptions.
Hence, the interrogators must find ways in eliminating all the hindrances that may hamper the process in making the truth come out. As such, the interrogator must build rapport with the interviewee and make the latter feel that he or she is not being judged. The interrogator must establish confidence and trust and not to discriminate the interviewee. More importantly, the interrogator must understand the interviewee’s emotional and psychological state and shall make the latter comfortable during the interrogation (Levinson, 2002, p.
724). Through these ways, the interviewee will find confidence in narrating his or her knowledge and participation in the event or case. In addition, the environment should be made clear and free of any disruptions. The ambiance should be created in a manner that the interviewer is speaking with a friend. Through this, the interviewee will find solace even during the interview. Furthermore, an adept interrogator must not be judgmental and should not be asking misleading questions in order to not discourage the interviewee.
Finally, the interrogator should not seek for confessions but should do the interview with a humane attitude by maintaining respect, openness, and willingness to discover the truth (Williamson, 2006). In my case, my communication skill may not be that adept. In order to improve my skills, I find it helpful to read more logical readings and learn how to handle any situation. Aside from that, it would be useful to become more practiced with psychological theories and assessments. 2. In the criminal justice system, informants play a vital role.
The informants usually share information that they hold in order to prosecute the criminals or to stop a crime. However, investigators or peace officers should not always put their trust on informants. Sometimes, informants share information based on biased knowledge and partiality because of some reasons, like stereotyping. One of the stereotypes that I usually hold against an informant is racial discrimination. In a diversified nation, there is always a doubt against the truthfulness of the facts given by an informant especially when the people involved and the informer belongs in the same race.
In addition, race is a strong determinant of a case whenever discrimination is involved. Sometimes, crimes are committed because of race. Such biased information can lead to the denial of justice. Hence, race is the foremost stereotype that I hold regarding informants. This view can possibly result to the surfacing of doubt against the credibility of the informant. Although it has a negative impact in the entire the decision making process, the information should still be considered.
In most cases, informants are known for their credibility and their determination to eliminate or at least minimize crimes in the society. To eliminate the doubt or stereotypes regarding informants, it is still better to research thoroughly on the personal background of the informant or other people involved. References Levinson, D. (2002). Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment: Volumes I-IV. CA: SAGE Publications. Williamson, T. (2006). Investigative Interviewing: Rights, Research and Regulation. London: Willan Publishing.