Criminal intelligence analysis is useful in many areas to law enforcement. It is especially useful in apprehending violent criminals and preventing violent crimes. Violent crimes in the United States have been on a moderate decline over the past decade. This decline has been attributed to the crime analysis intelligence used by law enforcement. Prevention of violent crime and apprehension of violent criminals requires cooperation and strategy from all departments and agencies in law enforcement.
According to the Attorney General Eric Holder, “Effectively combating violent crime also demands that – with the help and leadership of our U. S. Attorneys’ Offices, as well as the FBI, ATF, DEA, and Marshals Service – we continue to crack down on the gang-, gun-, and drug-fueled violence that menaces our streets and threatens our communities. Through intelligence-driven, threat-based prosecutions – we will focus on dismantling criminal organizations and putting them out of business for good. In so doing, we will fight to keep guns out of the hands of criminals and those who are not lawfully allowed to possess them” (Holder 2011).
NCAVC As part of the FBI the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime uses criminal intelligence analysis to apprehend violent criminals and prevent violent crimes. “The center’s primary mission is to provide behavioral-based operational support to federal, state, local, and international law enforcement agencies involved in the investigation of unusual or repetitive violent crimes, communicated threats, terrorism, and other matters of interest to law enforcement and national security agencies” (FBI).
The NCAVC consists of four separate units; the fourth unit is especially dedicated to the apprehension of violent criminals and is known as the Violent Criminal Apprehension Program (FBI). The NCAVC has agents and staff members in every FBI field office throughout the United States that provides assistance for crimes such as “child abduction; serial, spree, mass, and other murder; serial rape; extortion; threats; kidnapping; product tampering; arson and bombing; weapons of mass destruction; public corruption; cyber crime; and domestic and international terrorism” (FBI).
ViCAP Web There are various crime intelligence analysis techniques include ViCAP Web, criminal profiling and multi agency cooperation. ViCAP Web is an online crime analysis resource used by the FBI in the apprehension of violent criminals. “It (ViCAP) is a web-based data information center designed to collect and analyze information about homicides, sexual assaults, missing persons, and unidentified human remains. ViCAP Web users compare information in an attempt to identify similar cases and help move investigations forward.
ViCAP’s mission is to facilitate cooperation and coordination between law enforcement agencies and to provide support to those agencies in their efforts to apprehend and prosecute violent serial offenders, especially those who cross jurisdictional boundaries” (FBI). ViCAP Web resource has been an important tool too law enforcement across the United States since its creation. According to the FBI, “Since its creation by the Department of Justice in 1985, more than 4,000 law enforcement agencies have submitted cases to ViCAP, and there are currently over 84,000 cases in the database.
More than 4,000 investigators and analysts are registered users of the system, and together they forge a powerful nationwide network of professionals collaborating on a daily basis. ” (FBI). ViCAP Web is not only a useful tool in the apprehension of violent criminals but also in being used to prevent future violent crimes. Criminal Profiling Criminal Profiling is a technique used by law enforcement agencies such as the FBI in the apprehension of violent criminals.
Criminal profiling can be considered to be a somewhat controversial method by some but can be a very powerful and effective technique. Criminal Profiling is an extremely viable resource used in attempting to apprehend a serial murdered or rapist that has committed crimes in multiple regions/states and continues to evade law enforcement. Forensic Psychology. Net explains the process of criminal profiling as, “The first task of profiling is estimating the psychological and sociological characteristics of a criminal.
Criminal investigators use vidence collected from the crime scene, the nature of the crime, the location of the crime scene, and the type of victims being targeted as clues to identify the profile of the offender. Once the criminal is apprehended, the next step is to determine further, specific information about him or her. Items in the offender’s possession and interviews with acquaintances can provide excellent background information. After further information has been ascertained, an interview process can begin based on the information gathered about the criminal” (Criminal Profiling 2013).
Criminal profiling has proven although controversial to be one of the most effective techniques used by law enforcement to apprehend and work toward preventing further crimes. Anti- Violence Strategy The US Attorney has developed a strategy known as the anti-violence strategy. The anti-violence strategy is responsible for working with local and state officials in devising anti-violence strategies in communities (US Department of Justice). This strategy sometimes requires multi agency cooperation depending in the needs of the community and the violent crime statistics/history for that specific area.
According to the US Department of Justice, “The central mission of the prosecutors in the Department of Justice is the enforcement of federal criminal statutes against the most dangerous offenders. This includes the enforcement of laws which punish gun offenses, gang activity, drug-related and other acts of violence as well as the identification, apprehension, and removal of violent criminals from our streets” (US Department of Justice) Conclusion
In conclusion crime intelligence analysis is a necessary force and use for law enforcement in regards to violent crime in both apprehension of criminals and prevention. In regards to violent crimes it is necessary for multi- agency cooperation in most cases for both prevention and apprehension. Crime intelligence analysis has been a prominent reason for the decline in violent crimes in the last decade and will continue to be a powerful tool to law enforcement in the years to come.