Freedom is a condition whereas justice is a continuous process. Politicians and the mass media have recently developed a significant amount of fear regarding violent crime. The reasons for the creation of this situation remain hidden from the general public by the same politicians and the media. The false debate that takes crime out of the realm is “fostered by an increasing conservative and punitive state and exposes the economic and political realities behind the imprisonment of” a vast number of people on racial grounds.
The popular obsession is responsible behind blurring our understanding of the actual problem and “divert our attention and energies from confronting the” foundations behind the birth and existence of such a system. The reasons are pretty clear. Many believe that racial discrimination in the US was demolished in 1960s and it no longer exists but the currently prevailing state of affairs proves them wrong. Criminal injustice can be explained “that we must counter and tackle the myth of crime hype by exposing and educating against the real dangers people face, such as poverty, police abuse, and domestic violence”.
This system creates a situation where the probability of the imprisonment of the African-Americans increases at an alarming rate, thereby forcing the people to go against the law. This increases the crime rate and overall suffering of the natives. It leaves them at the mercy of a system that has no reasons to be unjust to a particular section of the society, demeaning and demoralizing the blacks. The reasons behind the system is not only racism; that is resides within the roots of the system but also lack of action by the Americans against the injustice system. (http://www.
zmag. org/ZNetBooks/criminal. htm) Change in Attitude towards Police and Consensus Policing Police as an organization can go about their work in various ways. Policing styles can be classified into two types: community oriented or consensus policing. Consensus policing relates to the close friendly relation between the police and the general public. Generally, it is also involved in the duty of police officers to cooperate with the public. This means that the police authorities do not exercise extreme punishments against crimes that the society feel can be ignored.
Consensus policing follows a bottom-up approach. The commanders set general targets and define ways in which the lower level officers have to deal with various situations, giving the officers maximum freedom of exercising their powers against the public. “This means that a good deal of decision making power is left in the hands of street cops”. The relationship between the police and public determines the overall social situation. Police can not exist alone. Police in a democratic society are accountable to the public for their actions.
The enormous powers of the police with the discretionary nature of police can get them be seen as unjust and threatening. Therefore in order to maintain close ties with the public and maintain their confidence, the police should seek general approval from the public for their action. Due to the criminal injustice system where racial discrimination is at its very best, this exercise can never be ensured. In order to suppress a particular section, the police exercise its powers unjustly. (http://www. bunker8. pwp. blueyonder. co. uk/cjs/26902. htm)
The traditional ideal that the police are the public and the public are the police is widely regarded as the underlying principle of modern policing. Pike argues that the modern system of policing which originated with the creation of the London Metropolitan Police had as one of its central ideas the notion of “consensus”. (http://www. csvr. org. za/papers/papmar4. htm) The central point of their argument is that in a democratic society where freedom is regarded as the very soul of the system, actions of the police against the suspects deprive them of the very right.
The authorities given to the organization depends on the cultures and norms of the society and it varies from society to society. If the actions of the police are outside these social norms it results in the failure of police-public inter-relations and makes the public hostile towards the cops. Criminal injustice is the major cause of changing attitudes with the failure of the consensus policing. Since the police exercise their authorities differently against different sections.
What may seem right to a dominant section of the society might seem unjust to the oppressed section. Elimination of criminal injustice is the answer for reversing publics’ attitudes towards police. Conclusion Racism cannot be regarded as hereditary – it is taught. The worst thing that a child can catch from the society is not any harmful disease but racism. Students are not born with it. They learn it from their elders. So the need of the hour is to promote proper education in schools that teaches a child of how to be a better human being and how help others in doing the same.
“Some people in this world assume one knows less because of the spelling of the last name and his complexion”. More efforts are required by the government in close cooperation with the public for educating people towards the threats that racism poses on the society. If an understanding is developed then there will be no need for law enforcement. It is crucial that the right of self determination is given equally to all the natives with no racism what so ever and audits are performed on the street cops to check their use of power. (http://www.
yale. edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1996/1/96. 01. 11. x. html) References Racism and the criminal injustice system http://72. 14. 209. 104/search? q=cache:0CK49Vhk3gsJ:www. prisonactivist. org/factsheets/racism. pdf+what+is+criminal+injustice+system&hl=en&gl=pk&ct=clnk&cd=1 Retrieved December 7, 2006 96. 01. 11: Multiculturalism and the Law: The Criminal Injustice System—The New Enslavement of People of Color http://www. yale. edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1996/1/96. 01. 11. x. html Retrieved December 7, 2006 Criminal Injustice http://www.
thirdworldtraveler. com/Prison_System/Criminal_Injustice. html Retrieved December 7, 2006 Criminal Injustice http://www. zmag. org/ZNetBooks/criminal. htm Retrieved December 7, 2006 the politics of policing http://www. bunker8. pwp. blueyonder. co. uk/cjs/26902. htm Retrieved December 7, 2006 The Police-Community Relationship – Etienne Marais http://www. csvr. org. za/papers/papmar4. htm Retrieved December 7, 2006 STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE POLICE IN SLOVENIA http://www. ncjrs. gov/policing/stu531. htm Retrieved December 7, 2006