Criminal Evidence and Legal Issues

1. Discuss in details the advantages and disadvantages of projected images rather than hardcopies of documents in the presentation of evidence. It is beyond doubt that the presentation of evidence is the most significant stage in the determination of the case. The evidences presented are also material because it supports or denies guilt. In presenting evidence in court and before the jury, the use of projected images can be of help rather than using hard copies of the evidences. However, it also has disadvantages.

Through the use of projected images, the evidences may be viewed by the jurors and at the same, by the witnesses as well (Med League Support Services, Inc. , 2009). The projected images can transparently display exhibits such as x-rays and photographs and even a medical record in a monitor (Med League Support Services, Inc. , 2009). Even the photograph of smallest objects or details can be made clearly visible trough the projected images. This is because projected image has the ability of enlarging an image and present it in three dimensional perspectives.

Another advantage of using of projected images is the ability of the exhibits to be shown simultaneously between and among jury, counsel, judge and witness. It is noteworthy that hardcopies were passed from and among the jurors within minutes wherein chances of seeing it in details are impossible. But through projected images, the exhibits are presented in monitor and are fully explained while pointing the details of images. However, it, too, has disadvantages.

Since projector images are technologically-oriented and is operated more than one person, there is a higher risk of equipment failure (Med League Support Services, Inc. , 2009). Any failure might make the presentation suspicious in the eyes of some jurors which may affect the decision. In addition, in my opinion, in presentation of images in the projector, the successive presentation may affect the perception of the jurors as to the circumstances surrounding a particular case may not be the same as how the judge interpret it. 2) What were the advantages of using ELMO in the O.

J. Simpson trial? What did it do for technology? In the O. J. Simpson trial, I believed that the use of technological advancement influenced the outcome of the case. The ELMO is an overhead projector that is capable of displaying documents, slides, and other imagers to the judge and jury (Find Law for Legal Professionals, 2009). I also believe that the use of ELMO machine has suited to the images-oriented culture of the American people. It can be remembered that in the evidences presented by the prosecution in the trial, there were inconsistence.

Apart from that, there were several photographs of the surroundings where the body of the victim was killed. Through the ELMO, images were maximized to be viewed by the jury and judge while it is being explained and pointed to highlight details. Notably, projector images essentially allows the projection of opaque images in the screen and it can be zoomed and viewed wholly to provide a “tight focus on a particular language” (Koeltl and Kiernan, 1999). In my opinion, the lawyers of O. J.

Simpson used the projected images in highlighting the details of the images in a manner that it affected the understanding of the jurors in the case. I also believe that the zooming of the details in the images was able to refute the evidences presented by the prosecution. Additionally, I perceive that through detailed presentation of the images, perspectives which may be deceiving will be clarified through the projector images. In the case of O. J. Simpson, the detailed explanation of the medical records, x-rays and other medical-related evidences have been thoroughly explained to the jury.

I believe that these have greatly influenced the result of the case. References Med League Support Services, Inc. (2009). Our Services: Demonstrate evidence. Retreived May 11, 2009, from http://www. medleague. com/Services/evidence/demonstrative_evidence. htm Find Law for Legal Professionals. (2009). _______ Retrieved May 11, 2009, from http://technology. findlaw. com/resources/scripts/printer_friendly. pl? page=//articles/00006/009960. html Koeltl, J. G. , and Kiernan, J. S. (1999). The Litigation Manual. American Bar Association, 1999.