The paper will look the comparison of the criminal data in two states in which tend to possess same population but different metropolitan area. It will chose at two criminal each from the categories of crime as directed by the uniform crime report. Uniform Crime Reports hold official data on offense that has been noted to bylaw enforcement organization all over the state who later on presents the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (US Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2004). It is the summing up based reporting structure with data combined to the city, state and other geographical regions.
The crime statistics are normally accumulated by the UCR and later on in print yearly by the FBI in the offense in the united state sequence. In order to be able to attend to the problems that the UCR are going through, the FBI has come up with the NIBRS system in which is slowly being organized by regulation enforcement organizations. The FBI is the main component in the United States department of justice helping as both a central criminal examination body and a local aptitude agency.
They get their information from the UCR. In the UCR, the criminal offenses are categorized into two main categories which are the part 1 offenses and the part 2 offenses. The part 1 offenses are further broken down into two other sections which are the violent offenses and the property offenses. Examples of the violent offenses are; murder, robbery, forced assault and forcible rape while the property offense are such as the motor vehicle theft, arson, larceny theft and the burglary (Lynch, & Addington, 2007).
These crimes comprising the part 1offenses are also known as Index crimes, this is to the regard that they are viewed as being very serious, tend to be described more dependably than others and are reported straightforwardly to the police and not to a separate organization that has no involvement to the UCR. 2. 0 Literature Review This is a criminal data comparison paper in which it will look at the rate at which the offenses are committed in the San Antonio City in Texas State and that at Dallas City in Texas State.
These are two cities or states that are known to be of different metropolitan areas but with the same population. In order to accomplish this, the information will be of UCR from the Federal Bureau of Investigation. It will look at two offenses each from one of the parts of the offenses grouped by the UCR. Therefore, as one of the violent offenses, it will concentrate on the assaults as a crime and then from the property offenses, it will look at the burglary as an offense.
The paper will be divided into section that will discuss the areas of discussion, the type of the offenses in the comparison and the comparisons between the data of the offenses in the two areas. On discussing the comparisons of the criminal data in the two regions, the paper will concentrate more on the four major areas which are; the area with the high number of the offenses reported, the offenses rates for each of the two regions or areas, whether the offense rates changed over time in the regions and lastly, it will look at the factors that explains the differences in the offense rates in the regions or areas.
2. 1 Area of Comparison The paper will use the offenses data information for San Antonio City in Texas State with the population of 1,235,128 people and that of Dallas City in Texas State with the population of 1,228,613 people from the UCR to compare the rate of occurrence of the offences in their region. These are two of the metropolitan areas within the United State. The regions tend to have closely same rate of population and different criminal data as regard by the FBI Uniform Criminal Reports.
This will allow the paper to give very fruitful information on the comparison of the criminal data in the two regions. 2. 2 Offenses to be Compared From the categories created by UCR on the types of the offenses being reported to police, the paper will look at; assaults as one of the violent offenses and burglary as one of the property offenses being created in the two regions. Burglary according to UCR is a crime which is the entry into ones building for the intention of consigning an offense.
The offense itself is usually known as theft to the local around (Farrington, Langan, & Tonry, 2004, pp 155). For this to be acknowledged to be as one of the offenses, the UCR describes the crime in different ways, these are; when one breaks and opens one door by fraud or threats, secondly, when one enters or inserts an instrument with an intention to remove ones property from the structure and when one breaks into ones house at night time. Assault is the offense of violence against another individual.
In the united state, an assault is known to be the threat of brutality caused by an instant illustrate of force to an individual. This does not constitute only the use of force but any physical contact with another individual minus their knowledge. Thus the rates of the crime being committed within the two regions are going to be used in the comparison of the criminal in the paper. 2. 3 Comparisons of the Criminal Data Within the Two Regions For this comparison to be more effective to the reader, it will look at four areas as stated earlier in the introduction of the paper.
With this, the section will further be divided into subsection to enable the discussion. 2. 3. 1 Rate of the Offenses From the data obtained from the UCR records, it shows that the rates of the property offenses are higher than the violent offenses in the region. This is indicated when the total number of the total property offenses in reported in San Antonia comes up to 6,578. 7 where as that of total violent offenses is 635. 2 and in Dallas city was 7,656. 3 for the property offenses and 1,315. 7 for the violent offenses (US Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2004).
From the data given, it is then clear that, San Antonia has the high number of the crime offenses reported to the police in both of the offenses in the study. When we look at the offenses in the study, it is then clear that San Antonia has high rate of the assault offense of 63% with low burglary offenses of 18. 1% this will be well shown in the table below. Over the years, the rates of the offenses being committed in both regions have been seen declining in percentage. This has been noted positively with the rate of the violence offenses than that of the assault offenses. 2. 3.
3 Factors Influencing the Differences in the Offense Rate in the Regions As much as the areas of the study are under the same state in the united state, they have been noticed to have different rate of offenses being committed in the region. These differences are caused by some of the factors such as; the lifestyle of the people in the region. High lifestyle of people minimizes rate of the offenses being committed in the region. Thus, it is clear that people in the Dallas face low lifestyle in which forces them to engage themselves in other crimes to facilitate their survival.
Other than lifestyle, there is the issue of the level of education within the region. High education minimizes the rate as people will be able to get jobs which will be keeping them busy at the workplace and thus minimizes the rate of the idlers in the region. It has been noted that, the rate of the assault offenses being reported has been due to the issue of sexual harassment which in most of the time people engage in it due to the idleness. Conclusion In finale, we can say that, San Antonio records high number of offenses as compared to the rate in which Dallas records.
This can be said to be dependant on the way their system of the criminal justice system is organized in the region. Other than that, it is clear that property offenses tend to be committed highly as compared to the rate at which the violent offenses are being committed in the two regions. This is seen when the total number of the property offenses in each of the city is higher than that of the violent offenses. Reference Farrington, D. P. , Langan, P. A. & Tonry, M. (2004) Statistics National Crime Rates Compared pp 154- 158 Retrieved 10th February 2009 from http://www. crimereduction.
homeoffice. gov. uk/statistics/statistics35. htm Lynch, J. P. & Addington, L. A. (2007) Understanding Crime Statistics Revisiting The Divergence Of The NCVS And Uniform Crime Report Cambridge Studies In Criminology. Cambridge University Press Ormerod, P. Institute of Economic Affairs (2005) Crime: Economic Incentives and Social Networks pp 45-67 University of California institute of Economic Affairs US Bureau of Justice Statistics (2004) Federal Bureau of Investigation (2005) Retrieved 10th February 2009 from http://www. crimereduction. homeoffice. gov. uk/statistics/statistics35. htm