Viewers of action films and primetime television programs usually depict Latino gangs or Black youths in a variety of seemingly “expected” acts of breaking the law such as breaking into and stealing or destroying property in a certain neighborhood. This sense of invincibility built in among youth offenders which is reinforced with belonging in a particular group is also exploited by older and more seasoned criminals.
When a young person is involved in a crime starting at a very tender age, statistics and most studies show that the child has a big possibility that he/she will progress into more serious criminal acts during adulthood (Bernard, 1999). From petty thefts and small time brawls in isolated countryside places to the busy streets of big cities in this country, it has become commonplace that teenagers at 16 or even below, are already convicted of forcible rape and drug-related crimes (Bernard, 1999).
Much has been written about the factors contributing to the seemingly unabated crime rate by youth offenders which include, parental neglect and abandonment coupled with negative media exposure and running into the wring crowd, whether in one’s neighborhood or school; low socioeconomic status, and lack of education by parents as primary reasons (Bernard, 1999). The aforementioned data appeared to be prevalent in many studies on adolescent development, criminality, and juvenile delinquency; specifically, it is reflective of the sha.
The American landscape is pictured of increasing single-parent families prevalent the shcriminal behavior in the context of poverty-stricken homes. This is illustrated most in Black or African-American families where the father figure is conspicuously absent. According to an article by Bettina Arndt (2002), as many as eighty percent of children from African-American families live without their fathers.
The decades of abandonment had several repercussions, and studies do indeed show these dire circumstances to the American society. The assumption this paper takes on the position that family disintegration include the poverty condition, vclearly seen in welfare status, lack of education, increased teenage pregnancy and fatherhood are among these dire consequences resulting to and causing criminality. Discussion The case of homeless: Pointing the finger on socio-cultural structural deficits
Homelessness is, unfortunately, one of the problems facing even the First World Countries. It’s inconceivable but a reality to be reckoned. One can just walk down the street and almost always without fail find a vagrant sitting alongside asking for alms. In almost every city, there are homeless folks. There are a lot of factors contributing to homelessness and they are divided into two groupings called structural factors and individual factors.
Problems such as poverty, unaffordable housing, and disability, are among those under the category of structural factors; whereas, untreated mental illness, illegal-drug abuse, and other causes such as natural disasters, etc. fall under the classification called individual factors (_________ “Homelessness – Provision of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services,” 2003). African American families comprise the highest of those who have become homeless. Because homeless parents live in the streets, their upcoming offspring/s has the potentiality of ending up living in the same condition.
With no atmosphere of security and psychological stability, children born to parents in the streets have low birth weight and need additional care higher than children born under normal conditions. Because of the living condition of their parents, 70 percent of homeless infants usually have inherited chronic illnesses. Aside from the physical disadvantages of homeless children, at school, they are poor learners. Because they suffer emotionally and have behavioral problems, these often interfere with their learning ability (Hart-Shegos, Ellen, 1999).