I believe that people engage in criminal activities due to the social and economic imbalances that exist in the society. Another thing is that one becomes a criminal because of the sort of company they keep. In the society we are in, there are many reasons as to why people result to criminal activities. More often people commit crime because of the imbalances that exist in the society, and these range from economic issues where the criminals are out to improve their economic status, to social issues whereby one is struggling with internal personal conflicts and oppression from outside forces.
Therefore these people result to crime as a way of trying to fill up the gaps that exists in their lives, so that eventually they can be in control of their lives. Secondly there are also instances where people result to crime because of the environment that they are exposed to. Someone may turn to crime, not because they lack but because of peer pressure so that they can belong.
You will find that one becomes a criminal because of the type of friends that they keep, or in other cases he might be coming from a neighbourhood that is full of criminals, hence in line with the saying, birds of the same feathers flock together. I tend to believe that the tendencies of one becoming a criminal in the city are higher than for someone that lives in the rural areas. People turn to crime because they are idle, that is they either don’t have jobs to cater for their needs, or in other cases, even if they have jobs, these jobs don’t adequately cater for their individual needs.
Lastly, people result to crime unintentionally. This is whereby you will find that someone has a psychological problem, which means that one has a mental problem, and therefore he is not willingly involved in a criminal activity, but it’s a case of insanity. In reference to the two theories above, there are many variables that lead to crime. In the case of imbalances in the society, I will consider variables such as oppression, unavailability of scarce economic resources, one’s state of mind and lastly the influence of one’s environment.
My theory is based on the assumption that no human being wants to remain poor and therefore they will do all that it takes to improve their economic bearing and also their social well being and thus, this theory is based on the social control theory where man is not inclined to commit crime when their needs are met (Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990). I would evaluate this theory by looking at the needs of the criminal versus his ability to meet his needs in the society. Thus his social well being will direct us to know what was the motive for his involvement in the criminal activity.
By this way we will be able to tell if crime was due to imbalances, either economic or social. In the second instance where one commits crime due to interaction with the surrounding environment, in this case we will carry out analysis of the company that the criminal keeps, and what sort of neighborhood does he come from and its based on the differential association theory, where criminal activity is learned through social interactions(Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990).
In conclusion, people end up being criminals due to their associations and desire for improving their economic status and social gain. This means that one may be involved in crime both willingly and unwillingly, hence the need to study their behaviors to understand why they have committed the crimes. References Gottfredson, M. , & Hirschi T. , (1990). A General Theory of Crime. Standford