According to the statistics given by the FBI, there are actually three types of crimes being committed. First, crimes against the person - or violent crimes - are defined as crimes against people that involve violence or the threat of violence. Examples are murder, rape, aggravated assault, and robbery. Secondly, crimes against property - or property crimes - are defined as crimes that involve theft of property belonging to others. Examples are burglary, larceny-theft, auto theft, and arson.
A third category, victimless crimes, is defined, as violations of law in which there are no readily apparent victims. Examples are gambling, prostitution, and the use of illegal drugs (“What is Deviance”, 2004). Such classifications of crimes are form of deviant behaviors that adults, teenagers and even youngsters sometimes do. • The incident when John Mohammed and John Malvo, obtained an M-16 rifle and used it in killing nine victims, injured two, and stroked fear into a nation (Lluncor, 2003).
• The Columbine tragedy that resulted to distraught of students, who, with guns in their possession, were able to forcefully exhibit their rage. Opponents argue that these boys were inspired by hateful music or pushed to the edge by insensitive bullies. Yet, without guns, these boys would not have been able to end the lives of classmates nor ravage the psyche of America (Lluncor, 2003). • Based on statistics, nearly one million eighth graders admit getting drunk and another 1. 2 million twelfth graders are considered binge drinkers.
Heroin use by young adults has doubled from 1991 to 1996 and even teenage compulsive gambling is on the rise (Treatment for Adolescent Depression, 2004). • Alcohol alone kills 10,000 young adults each year. Drug and alcohol abuse can also lead to other risky behaviors, such as drunk driving, unprotected sex, date rape, suicide and violence (Treatment for Adolescent Depression, 2004). These are just some of the facts and figures serving a very good example of crimes as a result of deviant behaviors among the adolescents in the US.
What is quite alarming is that these crimes are becoming highly prevalent, bringing more and bigger problems to society. All these statistics and studies are printed and/or published not only to inform the public about the events, but also to highlight that the number of crimes committed by adolescents nowadays is tremendously increasing. Deviance is defined as the recognized violation of cultural norms. One familiar type of deviance is crime, or the violation of norms a society formally enacts into criminal law.
Meanwhile, juvenile delinquency is under the sub category of deviance. Deviance encompasses a wide range of other acts of nonconformity, from variations in hairstyles to murder ((“What is Deviance”, 2004). Freud’s theory or the so-called the psychological theory of personality is commonly used in the studies such as this. Freud believed that much of the unconscious content that affects humans is made up of inherited primal fantasies based on phylogenic experiences that are fantasies that are species based, not individual based.
Freud’s main interests lay in understanding how personal experience shaped and formed the unconscious mind. It was his assertion that this formative pressure occurred through a process known as repression. Freud’s “hedonic hypothesis” stipulated that people seek pleasure and avoid pain (Bethel, 2004). The said theory plays a significant role in understanding the personality and characteristics of the adolescents and the very reasons why they have been committing such deviant behaviors. Explanations of deviance are concentrated on individual abnormalities involving personality.
Hence, in relation to Freud’s theory and the deviant behaviors, the ultimate goal of the paper is to stir the government into making actions on how to solve the problem and minimize the adolescent-initiated crimes. What all deviant behaviors have in common is that perceived violations bring about response from a formal criminal justice system. It must be noted that as a response to the quoted deviant or criminal behaviors above, the government has established a criminal justice system, which aimed at upholding the law and eventually minimizes the crime rate.
The criminal justice system is composed of three components - the police, the courts, and the punishment of convicted offenders. The police represent the point of contact between the public and the criminal justice system. They are responsible for maintaining public order by uniformly enforcing the law. The courts, on the other hand, determine a person's guilt or innocence (“What is Deviance”, 2004). Obviously, the US government is not tolerating these crimes, or these deviant behaviors. The laws and the judicial system can attest to that.
And establishing more and stricter laws is not the only solution in preventing these continuously increasing deviant behaviors, nor putting up stricter standards of behavior because these will make the situation worst. It should always be remembered that deviance started from the family affecting the whole society. What we have in each family, what we see in our society, what we see in our environment is a clear reflection of the kind of people a certain society is bringing up – whether it is a deviance to the society or not.
Thus, what the US government should do is provide funding on seminars and/or learning workshops for the parents and all other members of the society. The laws are already there, it is already being maintained by the concerned officials and followed the US citizen. What the US can add is the learning for the whole citizen. They must be made aware what are the factors affecting deviant behaviors, what are the preventive measures that the society can do and what are the things they should bear in mind if deviant behavior persists. References: Bethel, Jonathan. Psychological Models – Freud.
2004. 1stHolistic. com. [online] <http://1stholistic. com/Reading/liv_eclectic-paths-part-2-Fraud. htm> Lluncor, Ben. Gun Control In America. December 2003. The Pen. [online] <http://www. pvphs. net/thepen/index. cfm? view=1203_guncontrol> The Economist. Home on the Range. 26 March 1994. [online] <http://cscs. umich. edu/~crshalizi/Economist_Articles/home-on-the-range. html> Treatment for Adolescent Depression. 2004. [online] <http://www. einstein. edu/e3front. dll? durki=8576> What is Deviance? 2004. [online] <http://www. geocities. com/tdeddins/deviance. htm>