Japan is known as a disciplined country. A society based upon the traditional ways of dealing with social chaos. However, as the era of globalization comes into the picture of worldwide industrialization, the highly-disciplined community of the Japanese race has been influenced by the foreigners who are coming in and out of the country. As a result of this, the crime rate in Japan has continuously been growing during the past years. Certainly, the prosperity that has been brought about by globalization has also caused much chaos in terms of social discipline.
The Japan Times noted: “Economic prosperity has produced a leisure youth class such as traditional Japanese society never had before. We are not accustomed to the problems innate in this. Thus, to underscore another point in the (National Police) agency’s report, the upsurge in juvenile delinquency is marked by an increase in ‘crimes for fun. ” Although Japan has been successful in becoming one of the richest nations on earth materially, many of her citizens are saddened by the deterioration in the quality of life. Material prosperity has not brought happiness, but rather greater anxiety, fears and distress.
There has also been a terrible deterioration in morals. In the climate of prosperous big- Crimes by Foreigners in Japan page 2 City life immorality has become widespread. Declared the director of the Public Sanitation Bureau of the Health and Welfare Ministry, Tadashi Takizawa: “It is estimated that there are roughly 2. 5 million syphilis patients in Japan now. ” Crime has also become rampant. Apartment dwellers are fearful of every caller. Adult gangsterism flourishes. There are over a hundred gangs with some 34,000 members in Japan. Also, juvenile crime is increasing sharply.
The National Police Agency of Japan, in a report on the public morality of that country, showed that there was a shocking breakdown. Sex crimes are increasing everywhere. Among the 4,419 females arrested last year for prostitution were many high-school students. In Kyoto, police broke up a mass sex orgy involving 72 girls and 30 boys, all high-school seniors. Contributing to the decay of morals was the appearance for the first time in 1971 of the “Rentaru Rumu,” or rooms for rent on an hourly basis. They are attracting an increasing number of young people, especially teen-agers.
With these truths, it could be noticed that the country that was once known to be the safest and most disciplined society is now noted to be having the fastest growing crime rates in the world. As mentioned earlier, much of this social change in Japan has been recreated when the barriers of the country was opened to foreigners who would like to visit Japan. This is mainly the reason why among the highest rating crime offenders in Japan though are the Chinese people living, working and visiting the land. Like Japan, China Crimes by Foreigners in Japan page 3
today is also facing a lot of changes because of the industrialization of their own society. Hence, it could be considered that the Chinese society brings along its attitudes towards crime even when they are already living in different countries. Has all this material prosperity brought the people true happiness and satisfaction? While there is no doubt much that the people of Taiwan are proud of, there is another side to this success story. China Post goes on to point out: “With this high degree of affluence have come a multitude of complicated and thorny problems. ” Taiwan’s material prosperity has not come without a price.
Regarding the “complicated and thorny problems” that are besetting this once relatively crime-free island, China Post observes: “In recent years crime and disorder have increased alarmingly in our affluent society, posing a growing threat to the lives and property of all law-abiding citizens. ” Children are not simply innocent victims of crime. They are increasingly involved in committing crimes. Reports show that in 1989 alone, the number of crimes committed by juveniles jumped 30 percent. Some trace this increase to the breakdown of the family, and statistics seem to support this.
Since Chinese culture traditionally emphasizes the importance of the family in a stable society, it is no wonder that many are very concerned about the worsening conditions. As seen through the world reports, the Chinese community is also facing a moral downfall because of the effects of globalization towards their traditional ways of recognizing right from wrong. Hence, it could be concluded through this that because of the facts detailed in here, many Chinese people carry the same attitude of recognizing Crimes by Foreigners in Japan page 4 social rules even when they already transfer from their country to another.
The question then to discuss regarding this truth is how rampant is Chinese crime happening and Japan, and how does the reports of the said justice offending activities affect the Japan-China relationship? The following chapter would have a more in depth discussion regarding the said matter. Crimes by Foreigners in Japan page 5 CHAPTER 2 Chinese Crime Offenders in Japan- Why the growth? As pre-mentioned earlier, the large part of the reason behind Chinese crime offenders in Japan is their lack of capability to readjust themselves to completely adjust to the effects of industrialization towards the systems of their country.
As known to many, industrialization causes so many gaps between people in the society especially in terms of wealth and social status based on material prosperity. Hence, many people try to cope up with the changes through of the lifestyle of the society through committing crimes. The irony on this matter though is the fact that among the Chinese crime offenders in Japan, there is a higher rate of those who are not actually poor in life.
On the other hand, the said crime offenders are more of the high-leveled income that are going to Japan to be able to formulate for themselves certain organized crime processes that indeed earns them large amount of money. However, to understand this matter, an understanding of what organized crime is would help in the process of clarifying things regarding crime offenses incurred by Chinese nationals in Japan. 2. 1 What is an Organized Crime? AL CAPONE, the infamous gangster of the U. S. Prohibition Era (1920-33), claimed that he was just a businessman catering to the law—the law of supply and demand.
A lawyer for the biggest yakuza syndicate in Japan said: “You cannot deny that there is a Crimes by Foreigners in Japan page 6 strong demand for [sex, drug, and gambling] activities. ” That demand nurtures organized crime. Although no one wants to be a victim of crime, some may turn to criminal organizations and avail themselves of their services. Take, for example, the protection rackets that mobsters in many countries use as a source of income. Although they, at times, target honest shop owners, they usually prey on those who operate shady businesses.
A casino owner in Shinjuku, Tokyo, who operates his business under the cover of a game parlor, said: “A clerk was stabbed with a knife, and robbed of 2 million [yen ($20,000)]. But we wouldn’t call the police. ” Why not? “Since we engage in an illegal activity (gambling), we don’t want to have anything to do with the police. When a customer gets rough in our store, we call the yakuza. ” This casino operator pays $4,000 a month to the yakuza, a small fee when compared with the profit of $300,000 that he rakes in through his illegal operation during that time. Where does that money come from? From the pockets of those enjoying illegal gambling.
The same is true of respectable businesses that want to avoid problems. A New York authority estimated that a $15-million-a-year painting contractor saved $3. 8 million by paying off gangsters. This allowed the contractor to use low-wage labor and avoid confrontation with the mob-controlled union. In Japan, during a period of economic prosperity, financiers poured their money into real estate and demolished old houses and stores to make way for extravagant buildings. When residents would not Crimes by Foreigners in Japan page 7 move or sell their land, investors called in the jiageya, mostly yakuza-related companies, to evict them.
When the yakuza saw how easy it was to borrow and make money during the 80’s, they formed companies and plunged into real-estate and stock speculation. Banks and financial institutions poured money into these companies, obviously intent on their own profits. But when the bubble finally burst, the banks found it very hard to recover their money. Talking about the lingering recession in Japan, a former police official said, in Newsweek: “The real reason why the bad-loan problems cannot be solved quickly is that a significant portion of them are connected with organized crime.
” Indeed, organized crime takes root and thrives where people are eager to satisfy their lusts, regardless of the means. Greed for pleasure, sex, and money provides a breeding ground for drug pushing, prostitution, gambling, and loan-sharking. Getting involved in such activities usually means feeding and fattening the mob. How true it is that organized crime caters to the demands of those who are bent on satisfying their own carnal desires! In addition to the demand for illicit operations, there is another need today on which organized crime thrives.
The late head of one of the biggest yakuza syndicates in Japan insisted that he was taking in the outlaws and caring for them and thereby preventing them from going bad. He claimed that he was a father to the gang members. Most criminal syndicates, regardless of nationality, build their organizations on such mock family relationships. Crimes by Foreigners in Japan page 8 Take, for example, Chi Sun, who came from a poor family in Hong Kong. His father often beat him violently for trivial reasons.
Young Chi Sun turned rebellious and ended up joining the notorious Triads at the age of 12. In the criminal organization, he found a place where he felt he “belonged. ” Because of his bravery in armed fighting, he was soon promoted to a position where he had several men under him. Finally, when he was only 17 years old, he was sent to jail. Many like Chi Sun turn to criminal organizations to find the family bond that was absent at home. The members claim to be caring, but younger ones are often disappointed when they find that each member is mainly interested in himself.
When the biggest crime syndicate in Japan was designated as a violent group under a new anti-gang law in 1992, one of its leaders maintained that the group considered themselves “chivalrous,” battling against evil. When the terrible earthquake hit Kobe in 1995, the same gang distributed food, water, and other emergency goods to their neighbors. “Such generosity,” reported Asahi Evening News, “is bound to reinforce the yakuza’s enduring image in Japan as outlaws with honor. ” Indeed, “Internationally-organized crime is now a bigger threat to security for ordinary people than war.
” That, according to the Agence France-Presses news service, was a point made at a recent conference on transnational crime. Speaking at the conference in Tokyo, Pino Arlacchi, Under-Secretary-General at the UN Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, said: “The level and intensity of international crime have gone beyond what governments and the general population is prepared to Crimes by Foreigners in Japan page 9 accept. ” He cited trafficking in humans as the fastest growing of all types of international crime, with as many as a million women and children being spirited across borders by criminal groups, generating huge profits.
“No single country can cope with transnational, organized crime by itself,” said Bunmei Ibuki, formerly the political head of Japan’s police agencies. “That is why regional or global-scale law enforcement efforts are becoming increasingly essential. ” Hence, in this regard, it could be noted that many Chinese nationals who are present in the Chinese community are then attracted to commit organized crime offenses because of the fact that this process earns them larger amount of money compared to the earnings that traditional jobs would offer them.
For this reason, several Chinese nationals rather resort to this type of living than really work hard for a minimal amount of earning. Indeed, it could be noted that this too is a way by which the reasons behind the rise of Chinese crimes in Japan becomes rampant in the present times. Another reason for this issue is the fact that foreign nationals’ population in the said country is rather at a high increase rate during the past few years. This could be distinguished through the statistical data and actual reports of the Japan immigration offices. This and more would be introduced in the chapter that follows.