This may be the riskiest one yet, but also faster than the second option. I can rob the store myself when I’m not working. This will be easy because I know the staff working there and I know where all the things are. The conflict would be about my alibi, so I should work on that before conducting the crime itself. My outfit must also be able to conceal who I am, and of course, the time and the date should be scheduled earlier. The downside with this script is that I will forever be a suspect, because I wasn’t there when it happened. Also, if I am not careful, I can be seen and reported.
I can be arrested on the spot, since the restaurant is in a semi-public area. If you noticed, all crime scripts started with the decision making. According to the classical theory of criminology, people decide to commit a crime when they believe that the benefits weigh more than the risks or costs. Without a decision to commit a crime, there would be no crime. This is a direct manifestation on the effect of behavior to the crime itself. There is another theory, which is called the conflict view. This states that society has divided individuals into groups which are in conflict with each other.
The conflicts arise because of unequal distribution of resources, and this in turn provides yet another opportunity for crime. As mentioned at the first part of the essay, in Japan, there is a distinct hierarchy in which they respect the status of the individuals, and instead of being an opportunity for crime, it is a crime prevention tool. Robbery is perhaps one of the most common crimes in history. It can range from simple pick pocketing to million dollar thefts. Robberies must be planned well to succeed, and for crime analysts, they should learn how the mind of a robber thinks like.
For analyzing crimes and preventing crimes, a lot of measures have to be taken into consideration. In crime script 1, if the grandfather always takes his wallet with him, or if the grandmother always takes the key with her, the crime can never happen. In crime script 2, if there was more security in the restaurant, or if the manager opens the restaurant every day, the opportunity for a crime will lessen by a lot. Finally in crime 3, it is the most dangerous script out of the three. At anytime, an authority could go in and catch the offender at once in the act.
Again, if the manager was the one who opened every day, the crime rate would definitely go down. Through these facts, it is obvious that behavior greatly affects the crimes that take place. It is not entirely the offenders’ fault, but the victims themselves who create opportunities for the crimes. Routines, daily activities and observations are simple things which can easily create more opportunities. In regards to crime prevention, Ronald Clarke has given some tips on how to do it. First, one must be prepared and must be very crime specific. Second, the crime triangle is important because it will help you identify the people involved.
According to Clarke, we must never forget that “opportunity makes the thief” and that we should expect the offenders to react negatively. It is important to “think thief” or to think like the offender and it is also important to study the history of crimes. Pay attention to routines and hot spots, and think of the factors that make a person or a place be highly victimized. Crime is not a simple thing and it is hard to analyze. However, if we are able to prevent it from happening, that is a success. In crime prevention, the behavior and personality of the people must be taken into consideration too.
Again, I will use Japan as an example. Even without all the security needed in other countries, Japan still has a low crime rate because of the sense of social responsibility and obligations that are instilled in every citizen. That is the key to the start of good crime prevention. It must not only depend on higher security and it must not only focus on lessening the opportunities for crime. Crime prevention must also be instilled in every person’s heart and mind for it to be called a success. It is true that psychological factors affect the crimes and offenders. Like, for example, bad parenting, poverty, abuse, etc.
However, there are things that are just around us that create opportunities for crime, and this is what we should concentrate on. Crime prevention starts with the people, and with cooperation and the decision to do good, it is safe to say that the crime rates will lower. References Gilling, D. 1997 Crime Prevention: Theory, Policy, and Politics. Retrieved May 14 2010 from http://books. google. com. ph/books? id=S77DqvMmmrMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=crime+prevention&source=bl&ots=SQ6Y9EV7-H&sig=qAmPCnvoZp5oowjS04G_feUVDb4&hl=tl&ei=5_zrS_XCGMG6rAeX88jTBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=11&ved=0CEgQ6AEwCg#v=onepage&q&f=false Clarke R.
, and Eck, J. 2003 Becoming a Problem Solving Crime Analyst in 55 Small Steps Clarke, R. and Eck, J. Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers in 60 Small Steps Retrieved May 14 2010 from http://www. popcenter. org/learning/60steps/index. cfm? stepNum=1 Thornton R. , and Endo K. 1992. Preventing Crime in America and Japan: A Comparative Study Retrieved on May 14 2010 from http://books. google. com. ph/books? id=sflfv1HE7NcC&pg=PA28&lpg=PA28&dq=reasons+behind+crime&source=bl&ots=YzFEXuCTGq&sig=JhrVmBc7qz3B48mJpQxdbOXRlbo&hl=tl&ei=0vzrS77EPMzCrAfnvoycBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDUQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=reasons%20behind%20crime&f=false
Criminology: The Study of Crime and Behavior. Retrieved on May 14 2010 from http://www. rpi. edu/~verwyc/lawchap5. htm Brantingham PJ and PL. Crime Pattern Theory Retrieved on May 14 2010 from http://www. ceamos. cl/ceamos/images/stories/actividadesyeventos/pattern_theory1. pdf Hollin, C. 1989 Psychology and Crime Retrieved on May 14 2010 from http://www. questia. com/read/103529633? title=Psychology%20and%20Crime:%20An%20Introduction%20to%20Criminological%20Psychology .