The data used in Crime and the Nation’s Households written by Klaus (2007) was derived from a statistical survey conducted in 2005 by the National Crime Victimization Survey. This information is stated in the Methodology section of the Klaus’ report, which describes the processes and data used in making the report. The NCVS statistics that Klaus used provide figures on rape, sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, and theft (household, vehicle, property and personal). 2. As Klaus described in the report, property crime and violence crime statistics showed a declining trend from 1994 to 2005.
Crimes dropped from 25% in 1994 to 14% in 2005. Klaus identified five major trends in the report. First, one in thirty-six households (about 16 million households) experienced one or more violent crimes in 2005. Second, households with intimate partner violence was less than one percent of the total households in the country. Third, vandals had victimized about 4. 4% of households. Fourth, survey showed that about 18% of Hispanic households experienced crimes. And fifth, prevalence of crime was higher in households in urban areas and as well as those in the West compared to other regions.
The reason why Klaus concluded that there are more crimes in the West is possibly because of the number of minorities in the region. The West contains the largest minorities in the West according to the U. S. Census Bureau. In any highly diverse group, conflict is one of the things that would arise. Cultural clashes would result as groups fight for power and supremacy in the region. There will also be hate crimes perpetrated by Native Americans who resent the presence of immigrants in the area and view the newcomers as threat and competition to economic opportunities.
As for Hispanic households experiencing a high crime percentage, the reason could again be cultural. About 52. 5% of the 91. 4 million overall population in the West is comprised of Hispanics, American Indians, African-American, and Asians. From the National Statistics Survey 2000, there are 22. 3 million Hispanics in Western United States and about 14. 1% of the entire population. The U. S. Census Bureau projects that by 2050, Hispanics in the United States would comprise 24. 4% of the population. Hispanics, like other minority groups, have been targets of hate crimes mostly as a result of ethnicity.
Most of the Hispanics in the country are Mexicans who come to the country by legal means or by illegally crossing the borders. Illegal immigrants are more likely to be subjected to violations since the nature of their entry is a means for other people to exploit them. 3. Identify and thoroughly discuss at least three (3) correlates of increased household victimization. Klaus listed three correlates of increased household victimization. First, the author found that households in the West were more likely to experience crime as compared to those in other regions.
Based on statistics, most of the crimes perpetrated in Western households are primarily on property. There are 15. 9% of households in the West that experienced property crimes while 3. 4% that experienced violent crimes. Second, the report showed that the more members a household has, the higher is the likelihood that at least one member would have been victimized. Statistical data showed that twenty-seven percent of households with at least six members had experienced crime, compared to only ten percent of those with only one member.
Third, households in urbanized areas have a higher chance of experiencing crimes compared to those in the suburban and rural areas. Data revealed that property crimes in urban areas in 2005 were 15%, while violent crimes were at 3. 7%. Urban areas have higher crime rates because of bigger populations, the existence of gangs and criminals, and the presence of more individuals with no jobs. References Bergman, M. (2004, March 18). Census Bureau Projects Tripling of Hispanic and Asian Populations in 50 Years; Non-Hispanic Whites May Drop To Half of Total Population. U. S. Census Bureau News. Retrieved January 12, 2008, from
http://www. census. gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/001720. html Klaus, P. A. April 2007. Crime and the Nation’s Households, 2005. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin, U. S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs U. S. Census Bureau. (2007, June 7). Latest Hispanic population estimates. Retrieved January 12, 2008, from http://www. census. gov/ Zamora, P. (2007, November 19). FBI Report Documents Hate Crimes Against Latinos at Record Level. Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund. Retrieved January 12, 2008, from http://www. maldef. org/news/press. cfm? ID=444&FromIndex=yes