The beginning of the analysis of this Juvenile based crime prevention program is from the cause that promotes this problem. The list of causes that later forms the whole lot of reasons behind basis of Juvenile crime begin with the family. The families are no longer a stable entity and are now breaking at the rate which has never been seen before. Increasing instances of single parenthood have made the whole system more vulnerable.
The parents are struggling to cope with demanding jobs and careers and hence not been able to provide sufficient attention to their children despite the fact that these children have already suffered the trauma of parent separation. In case of parents facing financial and economic problem, the child is more in a position to get left with least of attention. The increasing level of setbacks and lack of solid social values and self-discipline amplified with the feeling of instant gratification, the child is more driven towards crime.
The child with poor parental supervision has often been left with television which receives tonnes of violence getting telecasted and at the same time portraying negative characters as heroes or smart ones, inspires the innocent mind to become wicked and famous. In later stages of life the environment that has circumscribed the child makes further damage and the criminal instinct in the child gets harder and harder. So the causes are many and are present at every stage at every place. Now the causes though plenty are very much identifiable and hence the possibility of getting a solution is very much possible.
The crime prevention plan requires implementation at the scale of nationwide expanse. The separate and single entities of the government dealing with juvenile crime prevention have to be well coordinated and should also be given some integrated look. The integration process should not cause the formation of another layer of bureaucracy and the basic principle that should rule each of the department be the prevention of the occurrence of juvenile crime as well as restoration of faith in the mind of disillusioned youth that is related to the state and it system.
The consolidated body with top authorities present at the level of state government should focus on existing juvenile anti-crime efforts and then expanding its base into other productive and result giving ideas which includes providing information and strategy identification. The strategy for the nationwide implementation of juvenile based crime prevention program have begun with the issues that highlight the concern of the general public so that different types of crimes and its levels according to the age of the perpetrator could be demarcated.
The prevention program and the associated legislation should be given proper coverage. The program should be evaluated at every stage of bifurcation and output based action. The pattern of crime rates, age and the type should be carved out of the statistics. The local enforcing agencies that have to deal with juveniles should be taught of how to interact and inspire the youth to get out of the dangerous road of crime. Hence each and every authority from the local government to the state government should be provided with required technical as well as technological assistance.
The information campaign targeting several causes of crime and associated behavioral changes should be made part at both individual level as well as social level. The glorification of crime and criminal should be avoided at any cost. The public- private partnership having incorporated at school level should make necessary programs in the curricula that will help the child in dealing with problems related to conflict resolution while developing the concept of personal responsibility and strong decision-making processes.
These processes have the potential to reducing possible misbehavior, violence and crime at schools and later extend the scope of the same at social level. The compulsory classes and daily lessons at schools keep the smooth flow of juvenile justice system there by establishing the rule of law and the children can be saved from turning into a criminal and a threat to the common public and society.
The separate juvenile justice system should be totally segregated from other criminal procedures and hence should have a different preamble and be clearly specified by the policy makers. The deterrence is the theme of the program related to any of the juvenile system or missions. The rehabilitation or the retribution should have the most important role in this juvenile justice system and hence the state’s policy should be more in accordance with case by case analysis depending on each of the possible outcome. Conclusion
The concept that should form the part of the every state policy for juvenile crime reduction plan should be the deterrence and reduction of the causes that promote the same. The crime prevention programs must realize the fact that every new criminal is the outcome of this society only. He is not something which has born. The opportunity based legal system can reduce the very occurrence of crime but it cannot make any change to other two factors that emphasizes on facts like ability and desire for committing the crime.
The changes have to be incorporated in the early stages so that the child should learn the values that is in accordance with social development as well civilized human society. The juveniles should be given separate humane treatment and be considered more like disillusioned youth rather than a criminal. Targeting youth crimes and phase wise elimination of the same can help in achieving any positive result in crime reduction and a healthy human society.