Crime is defined as human conduct which contravenes the laws, rules and regulations which have been established in the society. The rules and regulations are made the law makers, social systems and other sources. The society has a system of laws which must be observed by all the people in a certain jurisdiction. There are different forms of crimes which are committed by the people in the society, for example, corruption, theft, misuse of public funds among others. Crime affects the people committing them as well as all other members of the society (Quinney, pg. 65). Social imagination of crime
The social imagination of crime is that people commit crime due to lack adequate resources. The society views crimes as unacceptable and the people who commit crimes are labeled as social outfits. Laws and regulations are established to control the actions taken by individuals upon each other. Crime is perceived as a social disorder which creates instability in the systems established by the people. The society has established systems of punishments to combat the criminal activities. To ensure stability in the society people have created systems to enforce and amend the laws concerning crime in the society.
Crime is perpetrated by the unruly members of the society who are not willing to abide by the rules and regulations established within the society (Strader, pg. 5). How crime is a social and not a personal issue Crime is a social but not a personal issue since it affects the society at large. Criminal conduct their activities for their own benefits but the impact of the crimes committed is extended to all members of the society. The laws established by the law-makers are meant to maintain peace, law and order in the society. The laws are not created to govern an individual person but they are created to govern all members of the society.
Criminals break the laws that govern the people in the society and the action taken against them is to prevent them from causing social disorder (Quinney, pg. 65-69). Sociological Perspectives Functionalism theory: The theory proposes that the society is made up of different elements which work together to achieve a network of systems. The society is made up of components such as norms, customs, traditions and organizations; which interact with each other to create the society. The society is composed of different organs which work together to create proper functioning of the body.
The organs represent the different individuals while the body symbolizes the entire society. The individuals work together to achieve social goals. People believe that the weakness of one social organ creates weaknesses to the entire society and that the failure of one organ creates social failure (Edwards and Neutzling, para. 1-4). Conflict Theory: The conflict theory explains the differences between people in the society on the basis of power. People with resources are more powerful than those without and this creates a conflict in the social systems.
The wealthy use their resources to exploit the poor and this creates a conflict between the two groups of people in the society. The theory suggests that money is used to differentiate different social groups in the society and that people interact according to their social and economic groups. The theory was developed by Karl Marx (1818-1883) whereby he interprets history and social activities on a materialistic perspective (McClelland, para 1-4). Interactionism: James Parker introduced the concepts included in the Interactionism theory. Parker studied the actions of individuals within the society.
As people interact with each other in the society they develop meaning about life. People develop conflicts, cooperation and identity through interactions with each other in the society. The theory was developed from the basic interpretation of the interaction of the physical and mental sections of the body. The coordination between the two aspects occurs due to the interaction created by the body mechanisms. George Herbert Mead contributed a lot towards the development of this theory (Cronk, pg. 1). Analysis of the crime from the three theoretical perspectives
The functionalism theory suggests that the society is composed of different elements. Crime affects not only the person involved in it but also other members of the society. When one person in the society is affected; other members are affected. The failure of the society is contributed by a few members; but not all. The differences in resources that people own are the source of the crimes. The conflict theory suggests that when people have different amounts of resources, conflicts occur and the people will commit crimes in an effort to acquire what they do not have. The wealthy people are not ready to share with the poor.
This creates conflicts as the poor conduct activities to benefit from the excess resources accumulated by the wealthy individuals in the society. The wealthy individuals create mechanisms to protect themselves from the activities of the poor which might harm them. A conflict has always been in existence due to the differentials in resources and this condition will continue to exist due to the inadequate resources available to satisfy the needs of each person. Through interactions people are able to learn the laws and regulations which have been established in the society.
Breaking the laws creates some penalties and people must learn to avoid the penalties by fulfilling the laws. Social interaction theory states that people learn about the systems and behavior of the society through interactions. As people interact they learn about the needs of each other. The interactions are carried out for the mutual benefit of each other. Human beings are social in nature and they create a network of links to create a good understanding of the social activities. No individual person can survive alone; every human being requires each other.
It is through proper co-existence that people learn to live well with each other. Conclusion Crime is a social issue which is caused by several factors. The society has created rules and regulations to govern the conduct of the different individuals in the society. A system of punishments has been established along the rules and regulations to ensure that people follow the requirements of the society. Several theories have been developed to explain the social systems and the causes of crimes. The society has been identified to be composed of different organs which operate together to achieve social goals.
The conflict theory provides a better explanation of the causes of crime. People commit crime as they try to obtain resources which they have inadequacy. The existence of different resource capacities of the people in the society causes the crimes. In an effort to achieve equal power in the society people perform activities which break the existing laws. Work cited Cronk, George. “Symbolic Interactionism: A “Left-Meadian” Interpretation”. Social Theory and Practice, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Spring 1973). Retrieved 22 May 2010 from; <http://www. bergen. edu/faculty/gcronk/leftmead. pdf. >
Edwards, Jessica and Neutzling, Kimberley. Functionalism. Retrieved 22 May 2010 from; <http://www. as. ua. edu/ant/Faculty/murphy/function. htm. > McClelland, Kent. Conflict Theory. 2/21/2000. Retrieved 22 May 2010 from; <http://web. grinnell. edu/courses/soc/s00/soc111-01/IntroTheories/Conflict. html. > Quinney, Richard. “Conflict Theory of Crime. ” Criminology. Boston: Little, Brown, 1975, <http://fasnafan. tripod. com/conflicttheoryofcrime. pdf> Strader, J. Kelly. Understanding white collar crime. 2002. Retrieved 22 May 2010 from; <http://www. lexisnexis. com/lawschool/study/understanding/pdf/WhiteCollarCh1. pdf. >