There are four main areas, which characterized the nature of crimes in Idaho based on the records of the Idaho State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation under the patronage of the Uniform Crime Reporting and National Incident Based Reporting Programs (Stohr & Vasquez 2000). These areas are the property crimes, violent crimes, sexual assault and rape, and domestic violence. Property crimes, which have experienced twenty-five percent declines between 1999 and 2000, involve such crimes as theft, larcenies, motor vehicle thefts, vandalism, and burglary.
According to the report of Stohr and Vasquez, individuals whose age ranges twenty and below were more prone to be victims of property crimes or of domestic violence crime than those over twenty-five years old. However, the report cited that sexual harassment in the workplace was widespread among the different age brackets within the age group eighteen to fifty-four. The nature of the top five criminal offenses as follows: larceny, destruction of property, simple assault, drug violation, and burglary varied although larceny or theft had been in a dominant position in the first spot. M. Marie Kifer noted that from15.
6 percent of this crimes were either alcohol or drug related offenses, but this figure has declined during the last two years. Nevertheless, given the economic condition of Idaho, the nature of these offenses may have to do not only with poverty, but also with the state laws governing financial assistance to poor families. Kenneth J. Neubeck and Noel A. Cazanave (2001), describe Idaho as largely rural and predominantly white. In 1998, Idaho adapted harsh welfare reform policies that limit financial assistance to the poor, with two hundred seventy six dollars per month regardless of family size.
A study by Tufts University Center on Hunger, Poverty, and Nutrition described these policies “the state whose policies were most likely to worsen the economic condition of the poor” (p. 187). In the words of the center’s director, “Idaho has effectively made it itself the worst place in the nation to be poor” (p. 187). The Crime Trend in Idaho The report on the criminal statistics for the State of Idaho revealed that the total crime has been declining in the past twenty-five years, having 2,666 incidents per 100,000 individuals.
These crimes include violent crimes, property crimes, murder rate, forged rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny theft, and motor vehicle theft among which, property crime got the highest incident followed by larceny theft incidents. According to the report, the crime incidents had been declining in the past twenty-five years. However, Michael G. Maxfield and Earl R. Babbie mentioned that in the total number of crime incidents committed in 2001, larceny has been the most number of incidences, followed by destruction of property in the second place, and in close third, is simple assault (p.
151). Of the 88,793 assorted cases of crimes, 28,000 of these was larceny, 14,027, destruction of property, and 13,525 simple assaults. How do These Crime Trend Compare to the National Trend Crime rate trend in Idaho is comparable to the national crime rate of America; Idaho is one of the states having the lowest crime incidents in the United States and having a different year of highest crime. The national report on crime trend revealed that the crime rate during the 1970s and 2004 has almost the same rate.
Idaho on the other hand, has the highest peak of crime during 1970s, which declined in 2006. On specific bases, in Idaho, the crime of murder and human slaughter have consistently registered the lowest occurrences of less than four hundred for the last thirty years while in the national figure; it consistently registered a high number of incidences. However, both the national and the state of Idaho have experienced a declining trend. In 1990 and 1991, the national trend experienced a very slight decline of 5. 5 percent decline from a 5. 7 percent per population during the past years.
Larceny on the hand had always been on the top of the list of crimes committed in Idaho, while in the national figure, it was always at the bottom of the list. Description of the Time Frame of the Crime trends noting the Peaks, the Valleys, Plateaus of the Crime trends by Year The twenty-five years of crime trends in Idaho comprising the 1970s up to the middle and late 1990s can be compared to a rugged road with many ‘ups’ and ‘downs’ along the way. Some of the crime trends were slightly yet, consistently going down while some have more “ups” than “downs” as shown by the graphs in figure 1 and 2.
Figure 1 The year having the highest peak in terms of reported incidents was in 1990s. However, some of these crimes were steadily sluggish during the late 1980s up to early 2000 (Idaho Background Check Coverage), which if put on the graph, would correspond to the valley. Its plateau however, was during the year 2001 in which based on the Uniform Crime Reports; Idaho submitted a total case of more than 88,000 cases. Have certain Crimes followed different Trends? Certain crimes in Idaho have experienced a declining trend.
It appears that from 1975 certain crimes such as burglary, robbery, and murder had a declining trend while assault and rape was on the rise over the same period, and larceny was sluggish from 1975 up to 1998. Based on the report of Crime and Justice Atlas 2000, robbery and murder had been in slow yet consistent decline from 1975 up to 1998 as shown in the graph. Burglary, however, had experienced a slight increase during the early 1980s but it again slid to consistent decline on the same period up to 1998.
Larceny was slow moving from 1975 up to the middle of 1990s but drastically declined in 1996 up to 1998 while rape was consistently on the rise over the same period. Figure 2 Explanation of the Differences between the State and National Figure The figures of crimes in the state of Idaho were definitely lower than the national figures not because of the size of area coverage but because most of the crimes in Idaho were in decline. In fact, crime figures in Idaho were even lower compare to most state in the United States; perhaps this was due to concerted efforts of the law enforcements particularly on the use of drugs and alcohol. M.
Marie Kifer noted that the use of drugs and alcohol had been declining over the last two years (p. 10). The national figures on the hand were collective figures of the different states, of which some of these states such as New York, Chicago, Illinois, and many other states have even larger figures of crime rates compared to Idaho. Is there similarity of Crime Trends in the National Figure? There seemed to have no similarity in the sense that the nature of crime trends in Idaho was quite the opposite of the crime trends in the national figure. In the National figure, Violent Crime trends were on the rise while in Idaho it was declining.
Larceny on the other hand was rising in Idaho but was declining in the national figure. Most of the crimes trends in the national figure did not exactly represent similarity in the crime trends of Idaho perhaps due to the nature of the trends itself. Those that were declining in Idaho were on the rise in the national figure and vice versa. Thus, I would say that there is no similarity of the crime trend with national figure. The table below provides explanation of the crime trends in the national figure: from 1981 up to 1999 figures of violent, theft, and household crime per every 1000 persons from age twelve and above, are as follows:
City: 1981- 51. 6; 1985- 39. 9; 1989- 38. 3; 1991- 43. 7 Suburban: 1981- 32. 8; 1985- 26. 8; 1989- 27. 2; 1991-26. 4 Rural: 1981- 24. 4; 1985- 24. 1; 1989- 22. 0; 1991- 24. 9. Based on this figure, both the urban and rural America show an increase of violent crime trends, but the figure was quite small compare to crimes of theft or larceny in the same period. However, the crimes of larceny were steadily declining as can be observed in the figures below. The number of crimes of larceny per 1000 individual age twelve and older is as follow: City: 1981- 101. 4; 1985- 83.
5; 1989- 87. 9; 1991- 73. 9 Suburban: 1981- 94. 2; 1985 – 71. 2; 1989 – 70. 0; and, 1991 – 52. 4 Rural: 1981 – 59. 8: 1985 – 51. 7; 1989 – 45. 3; and, 1991 – 44. 4 The figure above shows the trend in larceny incidents in national decreased gradually including cases in city, suburban, and rural. Cities in Idaho that are Unusual in the State’s over all Crime Rates Two cities that are unusual in the state of Idaho’s over all crime rates are Coeur d’Alene and Rupert City. The big difference between these two cities of Idaho in relation to crime rate incidents lies on their economic condition.
The people of Coeur d’Alene were facing unemployment, which was one of the major causes of crimes in this area. Unemployment in this city was notoriously huge and it cost increased poverty in the area, crime, political instability, mental health problems, and diminished issue in economics (Unemployment Coeur d’Alene ID). Meanwhile, Rupert City for its beauty has a sense of community, friendliness, tremendous giving spirit, sophisticated services for a community of its size, and a place where individuals feel they can make a difference.
The city has experienced economic growth and its unemployment rate is very low. Despite low income per household, the people received considerable services from the government. These two cities pose two contrasting yet unusual crime rate. The first one represented a crime prone city marked by poverty and unemployment, while the other is the opposite registering a very low crime rate, marked by prosperity and sophistication. Description of Regional geographic Differences The State of Idaho belongs to the mountain regions in the North West along with Montana, Nevada, and Wyoming Oregon and Wyoming.
According to Martha L Heldreth and Bruce T. Moran, despite many similarities, the four states cannot accurately be described as a region either in geographic or in economic sense. This region is largely agricultural and geographical differences vary. However, the differences easiest to identified are in terms of geographical location of the community. Lowland communities are those that are living in the rural areas, while the highland communities are those in the elevated part of the region.
What Account for these Differences There are two reasons for these differences, one, the North West region is surrounded by mountain slope. This effectively created two types of community, the highland and the lowland. Two, since there are large farmlands in this region this created a natural geographical difference, the farmlands and industrial lands. Different life styles of the resident also create geographical differences, such as the business people, the professionals, and well moneyed people form their own community.
These geographical differences have something to do with the people’s social and economic condition that affects the crime trend, based on the observation presented in this paper. What are real solutions to some of the crime problems in [your state]? Based on the reports explained in this paper, crime rate in the State of Idaho reflects the social and economic condition of the people. Crime rate is gradually decreasing and the objective is reaching at least close to zero percent. Overall, the authorities must intensify its drive against drugs and alcohol.
I would suggest that the state of Idaho review its policy on the financial assistance to the poor and come up with a more descent and justifiable financial assistance to deserving families, and provide more opportunity for young people to be able to have access to education. The state should also generate more employment opportunities and if possible, a law prohibiting racial discrimination be legislated, as most of the crimes committed were in response to poverty, to unfair state policies, and to racial discrimination.
State’s spending for the welfare of its inhabitants is may be more effective and more meaningful in curving crimes and violence than spending to address them directly, if the State is really determined to achieved its objective “close to zero percent crimes. ” Work Cited Internet Source CIUS 2000 Section I Summary of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program www. fbi. gov/ucr/cius_00/00crime1. pdf – 163k – Donnermeyer, Joseph. Crime and Violence in Rural Communities. http://www. ncrel. org/sdrs/areas/issues/envrnmnt/drugfree/v1donner. htm Idaho Background Check Coverage.
http://www. easybackgroundchecks. com/id-idaho-background-check. asp Idaho 2006 Violent Crime Rate. http://www. idcide. com/lists/id/on-population-2006-violent-crime-rate. htm. Kifer, Marie (2006). Suspected Alcohol or Drug-Related Violent Crimes: 1998-2004 An Analysis of NIBRS Data. SAC Publication Digest. http://www. jrsa. org/pubs/sac-digest/sac_digest_3. pdf#xml=http://69. 46. 26. 162/texis/search/pdfhi. txt? query=marie+kifer&pr=default&prox=page&rorder=500&rprox=500&rdfreq=500&rwfreq=500&rlead=500&rdepth=0&sufs=0&order=r&cq=&id=47a809cdf Miller, N. & McEwen, T. (1996).
Prosecutor and Criminal Court Use of Juvenile Court Records: A National Study. www. isp. state. id. us/… /suspectedalcoholordrug-relatedviolentcrimes. pdf. Unemployment Coeur d’Alene ID. http://articles. directorym. com/Unemployment_Coeur_dAlene_ID-r653-Coeur_d’Alene_ID. html Crime and Justice Atlas 2000. Justice Research and Statistics Association. USA. http://www. jrsa. org/programs/Crime_Atlas_2000. pdf Book Maxfield, M & Babbie, R. (2004). Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology. USA: Thomasworth. Newbeck, K & Cazanave, N. (2001). Welfare Racism: Playing the Race Card Against America’s Poor. UK: Routledge.