Chicago among all American states is the most insecure with the highest and the longest crime history. The crimes committed in Chicago range from murder, rape, homicide, rape, robbery, burglary, motor vehicle theft and arson among others. The reputation of Chicago got destroyed as a crime zone as early as the 1800s and the mid 1900 when criminal gangs had declared themselves national by harassing residents of Chicago residential suburbs (Clarke 2003). Crime in Chicago in the 20 century was associated with a certain outfits such as the Al Capone and John Di Fronzo who were notorious in organized crime in the 1930s and the 1990s respectively.
The nature of crime that they organized was based on modern technology and it was complex due to its international nature of networking with headquarters all over the world particularly in Africa, Asia, and South America. The nature of crime committed as early as 1800 have drastically changed nowadays with technological shifts and proper advancements in communication systems. The change in social, political and economic systems especially in Chicago have resulted to advancements in the nature of organized crime with with new targets coupled with new techniques of operations coming up.
The crime was also characterized by the use of the gun as the basic weapon (Allsop 1968). This was a major challenge on the government to control the use of such guns in the hands of assailants. Crime in Chicago has taken a nature that has characterized crime world wide. The new technology has featured a lot in development of new crime strategies in Chicago. The nature of organized crime has adopted a method of collaborating among two or more gangs to advance their interest though combined strength with mutual gain.
Secondly, this organized crime has assumed the global networks and now operates in almost all countries of the world with the support of new technology on tactics application. Criminals have taken the advantage to cause disorder where there is order. Most of them target international security through trading in nuclear weapons and complex computer softwares and networks. Lastly, most criminals are investing most of their proceeds gained from their illegal business in legitimate business. This creates a means of investing their money thereby justifying their criminal acts in a legitimate way.
Crime tactic trends in Chicago between 1990 and 2005 In 1990 crime rates in Chicago were very high even with some police officers working closely with some of these gangs. This was the time when a number of police officers were arrested for negotiating with criminal. Several Chicago police were removed from office forcefully for their association with targeted criminals. These criminals used a number of ways to invest their money that they get unlawful. They do this in stock markets and this is normally hard to realize unless an investigative measure is taken.
Most of the gangs in Chicago have affiliated with brocker firms where they launder a lot of money from businessmen and citizens unlawfully. Sometimes it goes to the extend where the gangs persuade the stockbrokers to stop trading on certain stocks by giving them a lot of money as a way to sabotage certain companies. Traditionally, criminals used to get money from banks by breaking into them but this has changed nowadays with new technology (Landesco 1929). The Internet has provided a more complex system of money laundering.
It is hard to regulate the activities that take place through the Internet and governments have been unable to curb criminals thus criminals have utilized it to generate large sums of money from banks. It is however hard to control this with the current adoption of this new technology by most banks for better service to their customers. These services include e-cash, e-banking which put the operation of these banks at stake risking their money to the hand of these organized gangs. The level of crimes have changed in the 21 century with advancements of technology and new targets coming up.
Traditionally, it was normal for criminals to break into stores and make away with cartons of goodies like cigarettes, electronic appliances then sell them at throw away prices at the black market. This has radically changed with new targets of specific computers and their hard disks and other components stolen from ships, trucks and even warehouses but such commodities are easy to carry due to their absence of regulations. The other added advantage is that once stolen, they are untraceable. They lack registration numbers or even a method of tracing their originality. Crime trends in Chicago
Crime trends in Chicago have since 1991 reduced drastically compared to the previous times but now, the crimes seem to be on the rise again. Since 1991, crimes such as murder, rapes, robbery have reduced by over 50 percent. Robbery which is a common form of crime in Chicago urban setting reduced to ever 60 percent (Chamberlin 1932). Theft among all crimes is the gives a lot of risks to persons since it involves the use of guns. Assault cases which include gang battles, bar fights, domestic violence in Chicago reduced by 55 percent in the later part of the 21 century.
Regarding stolen property like vehicles especially, the crime had reduced by 52 percent and this particular crime results were believed to be accurate since most of these stolen vehicles had insurance and the owners had filed claims on theft basis. The greatest distinct feature of crime in Chicago as opposed to other states is that the gun was highly utilized. Such crime that involved the power of the gun reduced by 64 percent due to government regulation that saw the reduced use of guns by criminals. Street offenses which included such violent crimes were classified by their location.
They included crimes around lake fronts, parking lots or along drive ways. Such crimes reduced by 55 percent over the period between 1991 and 2004. Another trend in crime in Chicago between was based on age. It was considered that most of the criminals were youth aged between 15 to 25. Criminologists argued that the economic conditions of a population influence crime. In Chicago most of the youth who remained in school were likely to be good and avoid avenues of committing crime. This was compared to those who left school to start illegal sources of money.
In addition to this most crimes were committed by men particularly those who were young and with little education. However, mature and learned men were also very dangerous criminals in money laundering through international networks. In urban centers crimes were high compared to the rural areas. It was a survival tactic in the urban areas to fit the highly complex life. The major rural ares of Chicago did not have such forms of crime. However, rare occurrences were reported which mainly were conducted by urban gangs who were send for rural missions.
They could execute murders for pay by some people especially ones that you have had enmity with. Reports indicated that some people were murdered in their homes by people unknown to them and this was believed to be a gang business. Earlier in the 1980s there was the existence of gangs which comprised if young African American men who were major criminals in the drug trafficking in making their living. In Chicago, gangs at this time gave rise to a wells structured and well organized system with a good management and lines of authority among them.
These gangs however had good ties with the political class of politicians who guarantee their survival. The street gangs were involved in crimes such as extortion, theft, gun business,selling stolen goods from people. This continues up to date and has never changed. They had a mechanism of recruiting new members and incorporating them into the gang. At times the level of the crime changed when intra or inter gang crime resulted. This was generally very violent and most of them got killed in this violence.
The major issue that broke the internal war was based on leadership wrangles or loot distribution when some of the members felt they were discriminated up on. When these gangs broke up, more were re organized this time around with new members who got trained. Some forms of crime however followed some trends on Chicago in the late 1990s. Communities that were involved in crime in Chicago had a majority of them who had suffered disrupted chains of family ties and friendship resulting to a number of people on the family not in unity.
In the 1990s many people were not firmly connected into their families resulting to a split of some members heading to the streets (Albini 1971). This behavior was not over yet. Even later in 1999, crimes in Chicago were mostly concentrated in the streets with many gangs operating from there. The reduced level of crime in Chicago from the period between 1991 to 2004 can be attributed to a number of efforts by the government as well as the society as a whole. The incarceration rates in Chicago played a very important role in Chicago in this period leading to a drastic reduction of crime in Chicago.
This was seen to be so with many people fearing to commit crime because they new they would find themselves in prison. During the time in Chicago, prisons expanded by over 35 percent and this growth led to the decline of 5 percent of property crime and a close or same percentage of decline of violent crime like robbery. The state’s plan of incarceration served as a crime watch that led to the increased number of prisoners and expanded prisons at the same time reducing crime levels in the state. Availability of guns have been a major issue of concern on the rising levels of crime in Chicago.
These guns increased the consequences of violent crime and even had a positive impact on the occurrence of frequent crimes that could result to death. The nature of crimes in Chicago since 1991 have been those that their operation was high cultivated by the utilization of guns. Previously in the 1980s in Chicago, guns as a weapon of crime had caused many deaths through homicide. Sine 1991 the police investigative department stepped up a crackdown on guns which were in hands of criminals and this successful resulted to crime reduction sine many criminals lacks guns which perpetrated crime.
However, the between 1991 up to 2004, these street gangs have reduced drastically and street crimes were reduced. This was necessitated by the Chicago police who rooted out the street gangs which had a potential of becoming a very dangerous gangs. Evidence showed that street gang crimes had risen to over 260 percent in 1991 but these figures reduced between 2001 and 2002. To reduce the levels of crime in Chicago, several measures need o be taken in collaboration with the society as a whole and the state through the Chicago police (Allsop 1968).
The government through its sectors need to introduce social empowering programs so that they can unite back families together to avoid situations where some family members are neglected the involving themselves with criminal activities as a way of survival. Most of the criminals however may not be by the virtue of being neglected but this is the primary reason why most youth would turn to crime. The society also requires education of community policing as a collaborative method of attaining security. This entails a crime reporting mechanism that is very effective.
The police also should be on stand by all the time to respond quickly enough to capture the criminals. Hot line numbers can be issued on geographical basis to avoid congestion of the line. The development of and installation of surveillance cameras on strategic corners along highways and inside buildings even houses to reduce domestic violence. Such cameras then need regular inspection to confirm that they are working. On top of this the police need adoption of modern technology which overpowers that used by criminals gangs in execution of crime.
Such technology is vital to counter criminal activities like money laundering deals using the Internet. In addition to this, the government of Chicago needs to have a proper law enforcement system in the judiciary to ensure that arrested criminals are well dealt with to reform. Also, there needs to be a proper legislation to prosecute all forms of crime (Landesco (1929). The loop holes left by the law in the current advancement of technology make it hard for the courts to adjudicate vividly on cases against the rights of the people. Most of these criminals have been in prison and out.
The police needs to be expanded to cater for the security of the whole society and this has ti involve additional training of dealing with new forms of crime like money laundering techniques. The prisons require a better improvement such that they not only punish but also reform the criminals to fit in the society again. As a way of dealing with increased crime in Chicago, the state needs to offer more employment opportunities to the youth to preoccupy them with a source of income. This automatically reduces crime because most criminals are just desperate on where to get their source of living from.
The youth are the case study here being the largest group among the unemployed. Crime in Chicago is on the blink of rise again unless measures are taken to curb it. References Clarke, J. (2003) Analyzing Crime in Chicago. London: University College London Allsop, K. (1968) The Story of Prohibition of crime, 2nd ed, NY, Arlington House. Landesco (1929) Organized Crime in Chicago. Chicago, Chicago University press. Chamberlin, H. (1932) Observations Organized Crime. New York, Oxford press. Albini, L. (1971) The American Mafia. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts.