The above statement explains the rational behind the criminal cases that are not being able to be solved even though there are various effective crime solutions that had been presented by the criminal justice system in the state. Crime solutions basically start from the action of the police towards the related crime prevention. One of the principles of the left realism is for the police to have a greater democratic control within the bounds of the society.
Left realism also presents arguments that if the police force is only doing its responsibility to be more accountable of the crime control and solution, the flow of information gathered from the public or from the society would be very useful. Police had been relying more on public information to aid in their investigation will be able to be used critically and would help a lot in the course of crime identification and crime solution. Statistical surveys that had been conducted are viewed by left realism as not reliable source of the crime rates in the society.
These statistical surveys are incomplete in the data which make it unreliable source for evaluating the real crime rate of a society. The official crime statistics should not be the sole basis of the society to declare the crime rates of the society. However, left realists also in terms accept the official statistics that increasing number of underprivileged being classified in the working class of the society is a reason of the increase in crime rates of the society.
The increasing working class of the society is able to give information that this class is more vulnerable to commit criminal activities than the individuals belonging in the middle class of the society. Lea and Young (1984) are being able to point out that the substitute for organized politics is seen to a group of growing army of young unemployed people. This group is being able to have a control over the collective violence in the society and they are likely to be compared to an organized politics because they have a control in their territory.
For the left realists, the growing unrest and criminality of the working class youth sections of the society is associated with the structural processes happening in the capitalists’ society. As stated in the previous discussions, the left realists having been the same with the view of the right realists had been beliefs that unemployment and poverty are not the main factors to consider why crime rates are rampantly increasing (Lea and Young, 1984). Leah and Young had also suggested that cultural roots of the criminals as well as their subjective views are needed to be studied and analyzed to be able to understand fully the cause of crime.
In order to explain further this scenario, left realists had introduced the three main policies of their belief. American sub-cultural society had been explained by left realist. They had presented arguments that black youth is entirely different from their parents. They are different from their parents in terms that their parents had already accepted the fact of their marginalized situation in their society. Moreover, the sub-culture group which Black youth belongs had a large expectation and aspirations in life that could drive them to do crimes. These material things include flash cars and money.
Black youth are being entangled in the situation where they have no choice but to engage in crimes because of the blocked opportunity they experienced (Lea and Young, 1984). In terms of the explanation of the relative deprivation, Leah and Young had also argued that relative deprivation is the cause of the frustrations of the criminal to the inconsistency between their expectations and their real lifestyle situation. Black youth view reality in life as a choice of unemployment or the cruelty they experience in work with the white men in terms of the “white man’s shift work”.
Furthermore, they have the feeling of being deprived to the different impressive prizes given to other youth in the society. And because of the deprivation that is felt by the Black youth, they are being able to be forced to do deviance and criminal behaviour (Lea and Young, 1984). In terms of the marginalization felt by the most of the groups, Lea and Young had also argued that most of these groups had been experiencing different feelings that they are at the edge of the society meaning they belong to the lowest class in the society.
As a result of marginalization, Black youth feel estranged in their schools as well as in employment status. Police had been letting Black youth experience marginalization because of the prejudice and harassment they show the group of youth. Marginalization is a pathway for crimes to be created by the Black youth in particular (Lea and Young, 1984). In conclusion, the ideas and the views of the left realism could be able to use in analysing as well as solving the crime that had been increasing in the society.
Crimes rates are being able to increase because there is no proper understanding of the crime that had been happening in the society. Statistical crime surveys had been a deceiving fact in the society of the different crime rates that happened. Unemployment which is viewed by many of the people to be the cause of crime is not solely the factor that causes crimes. If the criminal justice system could have been able to consider the points being presented by the realists more particularly the left realists, then, identification, investigation and solution to crimes would not be a very hard job for all the official agencies to handle.
Police responsibility in policing together with their job to be done effectively and efficiently should be the first step in realising the points and ideas that had been presented by the left realists in the crime and crime control.
Bibliography: Becker, G. (1968). Crime and Punishment: an Economic Approach. Journal of Political Economy 76 pp 169-217 Carlen, P. (1992) Criminal Women and Criminal Justice: The Limits to, and Potential of, Feminist and Left Realist Perspectives in Young, J & Matthews, R. Issues in Realist Criminology, Sage: London, pg. 56